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Psychology of Coping with Grief and Loss

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Megan Giberson

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Psychology of Coping with Grief and Loss

Psychology of Coping with Grief and Loss
How do you define grief and loss?

Hand outs: TEAR model, Grief Quotes,
Grief & Bereavement, Common Reactions
to Grief/Loss & Presentation Outline

Purpose of SOS

Overview of Presentation

Understanding Grief
Coping Strategies

Myths of Coping & Comforting

Therapeutic Techniques
Adaptive Coping
Problem-Focused Coping

Emotion-Focused Coping

Folkman& Lazarus,1985
-Carver & Scheier, 1994
-Holahan & Moos, 2000
-Schnider, Elhai & Gray, 2007

Influencing Factors for Coping Strategies
Cultural Context
Type of Loss

Ross, 1981
-Kamerman, 1988
-Cowles, 1996
TEAR Model - Tasks of Grief
To accept the reality of Loss
Experience the pain of loss
Adjust to new environment without deceased
Reinvest in the new reality

-Worden, 2009
Types of Grief
Uncomplicated grief
Range of experiences shown

Complicated grief
Term for when people adjust poorly to loss
Warning signs
Risk factors associated with this
Differences in Grief Process
As infants and toddler
When 4-6 years old
When 7-11 years old
Adolescents (age 12-16)

*Regardless of age, there are many factors that affect the grief process*
Responses to Grief
Physical symptoms
Behavioral changes
Sleep and energy disturbances
Change in eating habits
Change in sex drive
Range of emotions
Cognitive impairments
Spirituality conflicts
Constant thoughts of deceased/ feeling their presence
"People who go to counseling are crazy. I’m not crazy!"
Understanding Loss
Types of Loss
Bereavement Loss
- death
Separation Loss
- divorce/breakups
Ambiguous Loss
- loved one taken away
Disaster Loss
- catastrophes
Types of Death

1) Anticipated Death

2) Traumatic Death
- expected
- prolonged
- unexpected
- sudden
Loss of Relationships
Familial Bonds
- grandparents
- study Drew and Silverstein (2007)
- children
- parents
- ending dating
- study Boelen and Reijntjes (2008)
Responses to Loss
find resources to help with pain
GRIEF: deep sorrow where one experiences physical, emotional, mental, social and spiritual effects caused by a death or a significant loss
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy? (CBT)
What is...
Types of CBT: Rational Emotive (Behavioral) Therapy-- REBT, Cogntive Therapy.
Who does this benefit?
Those with complicated grief
How does Congitive Behavioral therapy work?
Focuses on individual's behavior and thought process...not on outside factors.
Grandparents who lost grandchildren accumlated depressive symptoms more rapidly than those who had not lost grandchildren.

Sudden loss of grandchildren was related to higher elevation in depressive symptoms.
Grandparents loss of Grandchildren
Those still single after a breakup showed higher grief, depression, and anxiety scores.
Participants had difficulty maintaining a positive sense of self after breakups.
Cognitions of self-blame were key correlates of depression and anxiety.
Negative Cognitions and Emotional Problems following Breakups
What is...
Who does this benefit?
Group Therapy
What is...
Grief Therapy
Who does this benefit?
Those who have uncomplicated
to help with the steps of grieving and to make this process easier.

Tips for Coping
Eating well and Exercising
Support from counselor/group therapy
Telling a story
Seek information
Grieving differences
Perform comforting rituals
Reach out to others
Seeking solace in faith community
Time heals all

Dr. Irvin D. Yalom's Principles of Group Therapy
The instillation of hope
Imparting information
Corrective recapitulation of the primary family experience
Development of socialization techniques
Imitative behavior
Interpersonal learning
Group cohesiveness
Existential factors
Dual Process Model of Coping
Two Stages
Loss-oriented coping

Restitution-oriented coping

Coping process of oscillation

- Schroebe & Schut, 1999

ABC model for REBT
Full transcript