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ACTIVE vs PASSIVE voice

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by

Matthew Morgan

on 10 March 2015

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Transcript of ACTIVE vs PASSIVE voice

Who or what
does
the verb?
In ACTIVE voice, the subject does the verb:
Capt Alqahtani
ate

the pizza.

In PASSIVE voice, something else does the verb:
Capt Alqahtani was eaten by
the pizza
.
The
direction
of the sentence:
It's also useful to think about the direction of the sentence. Does
it go from left-to-right (ACTIVE), or from right-to-left (PASSIVE)?
Basic rules to remember:
#1
- When changing between active and passive, the
subject
and
object
are
switched:

Mr. Scales loves Justin Bieber's music.
Justin Bieber's music is loved by Mr. Scales.


#2
- When changing from active to passive,
we always ADD a BE-verb. The tense of this
BE-verb changes accordingly, as we see this
in present tense (above) and past tense (below):

Mr. Scales purchased five JB posters.
Five JB posters
were
purchased by Mr. Scales.
Passive voice can be used
EVERYWHERE.
Passive in the simple forms
Past:
Zombies
attacked
DLI.
DLI
was attacked
by zombies.

Present:
Zombies
eat
brains.
Brains
are eaten
by zombies.

Future:
Zombies
will eat
the student who is closest to the door.
The student who is closest to the door
will be eaten
first.

More basic rules to remember
#3
- The past participle (VERB 3) always follows the
BE-verb in passive voice:

Soccer is
played
all over the world.
This cat wasn't
seen
by the player.
Luckily, the cat wasn't
injured
.


#4
- Passive voice is used when the object is more important,
the subject is unknown, or the subject is obvious. In many
cases, the subject is optional:

Rome wasn't built in a day (by the Romans).
Oh no! My car has been stolen (by someone)!
I was given 5 pages of homework (by the teacher).




ACTIVE vs PASSIVE voice
Bugatti makes nice sports cars.
Saudi people eat a lot of kabsah.


Nice sports cars are made by Bugatti.
A lot of kabsah is eaten by Saudi people.
Passive voice can be used in
any
tense (past, present, or future) and
any
form (simple, continuous, perfect, or perfect continuous).
It's not
that
mind-blowing.
Do you see how the tense and form remain the same?
Simple Forms Practice
Are the sentences below active or passive? How do you know?

1. PVT Mendez ate mofongo last night.
2. MSgt Alotaibi was attacked by ninjas.
3. Ten pizzas will be delivered later for lunch today.
4. I watch six hours of TV per day.
5. I'm going to eat 10 kgs of tacos tonight.
6. Samsung products are made in Korea.
7. Many people in the USA drive Toyotas.
8. Hulk Hogan punched the Undertaker.

If the sentences above are active, change them to passive.
If they are passive, change them to active.


Answer the questions below:

1. The aircraft ______________________ by Captain Sullenberger.
a) flies
b) will fly
c) will be flying
d) will be flown

2. Mr. Morgan _______ Lebron James in a game of one-on-one.
a) beat
b) was beaten
c) beaten
d) was been beaten

3. A lot of students ___________ here to DLI from all over the world.
a) send
b) sends
c) are sent
d) are sending
Passive in the perfect forms
Past:
By the time they arrived, the dog
had destroyed
the apartment.

By the time they arrived, the
apartment
had been destroyed.

Present:
The dog
has destroyed
my blinds.

My blinds
have been destroyed
.

Future:
When we get home, the dog
will have made
a mess.

A mess
will have been made
by the time we get home.
Again, the tense and form remain the same.
Perfect Forms Practice
Are the sentences below active or passive? How do you know?

1. Billy Bob has sold used cars for many years.
2. The students had finished the homework before class began.
3. More homework will be given for tonight.
4. Messi has scored a goal!
5. Real Madrid has been managed by Carlo Ancelotti since 2013.
6. By the time I go to follow-on-training, I will have passed the ECL.
7. Hotel reservations had been made before LT Alotaibi went to Vegas.
8. Mr. Staggs has learned many languages.

If the sentences above are active, change them to passive.
If they are passive, change them to active.


Answer the questions below:

1. The criminal ______________ over $2,000,000 worth of cars.
a) had stolen
b) had been stolen
c) has stolen
d) has been stolen

2. The house _____________ to the ground by the time firefighters arrived.
a) had burned
b) has burned
c) has been burned
d) will have burned

3. When you see me again, I ___________________ the ECL.
a) have passed
b) have been passed
c) will pass
d) will have passed
Passive in the continuous forms
Past:
Last night I
was watching
a show
about ostriches.

A show about ostriches
was being
watched
last night (by me).

Present:
I
am riding
an ostrich.

An ostrich
is being ridden
(by me).

Future:
At 3 pm tomorrow, many people
will be racing
ostriches.

At 3 pm tomorrow, ostriches
will be being raced
(by
many people).
Continuous Forms Practice
Are the sentences below active or passive? How do you know?

1. Billy Bob is working on my car.
2. The students are doing pushups at the moment.
3. Many planes will be being flown by the pilots at the air show.
4. My temperature was being taken by the nurse when my phone rang.
5. Los Angeles is being invaded by zombies.
6. Capt Alharby will be eating pasta at 7 pm tonight.
7. Vegetables were being devoured by Ms. Kornmeyer yesterday.
8. Tickets for a Spurs game were being sold at the Field Studies office.

If the sentences above are active, change them to passive.
If they are passive, change them to active.


Answer the questions below:

1. Right now, Nasser _________ Hilal by a score of 3 to 1.
a) beats
b) is beating
c) is being beaten
d) was beating

2. Music _____________ when the bride walked down the aisle.
a) plays
b) playing
c) is being played
d) was being played

3. I can't meet you for dinner tonight, because I ______________ instead.
a) will shampooing my hair
b) will have shampooed my hair
c) will be being shampooed
d) will be shampooing my hair
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