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Saint Paul

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by

Chris Bracken

on 25 July 2016

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Transcript of Saint Paul

Saint Paul
Who was Saint Paul?
Context
The Early Christians
Activity
Based on the information we have so far construct a timeline of the key events associated with the early beginnings of Christianity, beginning with the birth of Jesus.
Constantine

33 - 36 CE - death of Jesus
How were the early Christians treated after the death of Jesus?
The Romans crucified Jesus for claiming to be the son of God.
Caesar Augustus - the divine son of God.
Roman emperor at the time of Jesus
Why, therefore, would the Romans be against Jesus?
What would they do to prevent the spread of Christianity and prevent the early Christians from meeting?
Persecution
Hostility and ill-treatment of a group or race of people - The early Christians were not allowed to carry out their faith.
The earliest gatherings happened in each other's houses; however, they were often in secret.
Pentecost
It is at this moment that the Christian community began.
So, what is the church?
His real name wasn't even Paul!
Who knows his real name?

Hint: it rhymes with Paul!
Saul
When Saul set out from Jerusalem around 34 CE, he was set on persecuting the new Jesus movement. But somewhere along the way he had an epiphany: a vision of Jesus.

Saul's Conversion
It was a life-changing moment and
would be a pivot point in the history
of the Jesus movement.
Paul's Journey
The result of Saint Paul's work
Did the work of Saint Paul put an end to the persecution of Christians?
The Great Fire of Rome - 64CE
Who was the emperor at this time?
Nero
Who did he blame?
The Christians, of course. Emperor Nero fed literally had his victims fed to lions in the city's amphitheater.
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/rome.htm
Christians were still being persecuted
What happened to Saint Paul?
He continued writing letters to the churches he established during his travels. He supported them and gave them advice.

Many of the letters he wrote are included today in the New Testament.
Add to you timeline...
The death of Saint Paul
Saint Paul was beheaded by the Romans, who were still under the control of Nero, in 69CE
The result of Saint Paul's work?
He helped spread the message of Jesus, initiating and developing churches throughout his travels. However, Christians were still being persecuted. This continued until the time of Emperor Constantine...
He became emperor in 306 CE

In 312 CE, during a battle a pivotal event occurred...How would you interpret the following image? What happened to Constantine?
'In this sign, you will conquer'
Constantine
He immediately ended the persecution of Christians
The Edict of Milan
In 313 Constantine met with the ruler of the East, Licinius. They established Christianity as an official religion and removed the persecution against them.
He returned property that had been taken from Christians
He built churches
He put Christian symbols on coins
He made Sunday a day of rest.
The Chi Rho
This is the symbol Constantine placed on his shields.

It consists of superimposing the first two (capital) letters chi and rho (XP) of the Greek word for Christ

the Chi-Rho invokes the crucifixion of Jesus, as well as symbolising his status as the Christ.


The council of Nicea
In 325 CE Constantine called the first universal gathering of the Christian church
What was the reason for the council?
Constantine presided over a group of of 200 - 300 bishops. They deliberated over the nature of God.
They came to the conclusion that Jesus is truly God.
They also devised concept of the trinity.
They developed the
Nicene Creed to
declare their
faith.
Add to you timeline..
Full transcript