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Transcript of Rudyard Kipling
Later years & death
World War I
Other Jobs Early Life & Education Rudyard Kipling was born on 30 December 1865 in Bombay, in British India to Alice Kipling (née MacDonald) and (John) Lockwood Kipling
The couple, who had moved to India in the same year Rudyard was born.
Kipling's days of "strong light and darkness" in Bombay were to end when he was five years old. As was the custom in British India, he and his three year old sister Alice were taken to England in their case to Southsea to be cared for by a couple that took in children of British nationals living in India.
Kipling would recall this time with horror, and wonder ironically if the combination of cruelty and neglect he experienced there at the hands of Mrs. Holloway might not have hastened the onset of his literary life. Writing In London, Kipling had several stories accepted by various magazine editors.
He published a novel, The Light that Failed had a nervous breakdown and met an American writer and publishing agent Wolcott Balestier with whom he collaborated on a novel, The Naulahka
He wrote: American Notes,Captains Courageous, a story of the Grand Banks, Jungle Book -ranked number 78 on the list of Greatest Books Of The 20th Century, Light that failed. Famous Work “The Absent-Minded Beggar” (1899)
The Seven Seas (1896)
The Five Nations (1903)
The Years Between (1919)
“Mary Postgate” (1915)
Many Inventions (1893)
A Fleet in Being (1898)
Just So Stories for Little Children (1902) Later Years & Death Kipling kept writing until the early 1930s, but at a slower pace and with much less success than before.
He died of a perforated duodenal ulcer on 18 January 1936, days before George V, at the age of 70.
Rudyard Kipling was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium and his ashes were buried in Poets' Corner, part of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey, where many distinguished literary people are buried or commemorated. Life Tragedies Due to this sudden change in environment and the evil treatment he received, he suffered from insomnia for the rest of his life.
This played an important part in his literary imagination. His parents removed him from the rigidly Calvinistic foster home and placed him in a private school at the age of twelve.
The English schoolboy code of honor and duty deeply affected his views in later life, especially when it involved loyalty to a group or a team. Unknown Facts According to the English magazine Masonic Illustrated, Kipling became a Freemason in about 1885, some six months prior to the usual minimum age of 21.
He used the swastika symbol in both right- and left-facing orientations, and it was in general use at the time.Even before the Nazis came to power, Kipling ordered the engraver to remove it from the printing block so that he should not be thought of as supporting them. War World I Kipling's only son, John, died in 1915 at the Battle of Loos. John's death inspired Kipling's poem, "My Boy Jack", and the incident became the basis for the play My Boy Jack and its subsequent television adaptation.
Kipling became friends with a French soldier whose life had been saved in the First World War when his copy of Kim, which he had in his left breast pocket, stopped a bullet. The soldier presented Kipling with the book (with bullet still embedded) and his Croix de Guerre as a token of gratitude. Other Jobs He worked as a newspaper reporter and a parttime writer and this helped him to gain a rich experience of colonial life which he later presented in his stories and poems. Work Cited http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudyard_Kipling#Biography_and_criticism