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Transcript of Barroque Art
Baroque art represents the clearest symbol of prosperity of European kings.
*Art served as instruments of their vanity and as propaganda for their monarchies.
Again, balance is broken, but Baroque brings back unity to the arts and primacy to architecture.
'Baroque' means irregular pearl or stone, giving allusion to a work that does not respect the norms of harmony; a disproportionate art, whimsical, aggressive.
Baroque, Altar Piece at San Esteban de Salamanca
Baroque Art implemented a complete distortion of the Classic values, and it was its most perfect antithesis (complete opposite).
* The movement of the forms and the free expression of the feelings oppose the formal stillness and balance of the Classic.
Baroque art: The Art of Appearance
*Heliocentric theory vs. Bible, puts the Renaissance man (king of nature and center of the world) out of the picture.
19th century painting by Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury
"Esse est percipi"
'To be is to be perceived'
George Berkeley (1685-1753)
*Distorted perspective in architecture
*Visual deception through fine detail
*The use of gold color
It is appearance that counts
St. Oleguer sepulcre, Grau Manresa and Domenec Rovira, Barcelona Cathedral, 1678
Protestant Reformation, 1517
Counter Reformation through:
*Council of Trent (1545-1563)
*Baroque art as propaganda for the Catholic Church
Holy Virgin of Anguish, Salzillo
Architecture, as the other arts, breaks from the balance of the Classic in:
materials: Sillar stone, colored marble
constructive elements: Salomonic column
decorative resources: Undulated facades
St . Carlo alle Quatro Fontane, Rome Italy
St. Peter's Baldachin (canopy)
Bernini at St. Peter's (1624-1633)
St. Peter's Plaza: Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini
Bronze Salomonic column with acanthus leaves
The Cathedral was the work of Carlo Manderno
Breaks away from symmetry, stillness and idealism.
*Part of a group of elements, not isolated
* Part of a context (as in a theater scenery)
*Naturalism (lighting effects, drama, violent attitudes.
Bernini: Creator of Baroque Sculpture
The ecstasy of St. Theresa
St. Maria della Vittoria, Rome
St. Maria della Vittoria, Rome, Camaro Chapel
In which the patrons (Comaros) watch
Was Bernini religious?
Who is St. Theresa?
How did the idea of the work come about?
The Comaro and family