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An Introduction To Transgender Terms, Concepts and History

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Jennifer Bielmeier

on 21 November 2012

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Transcript of An Introduction To Transgender Terms, Concepts and History

An Introduction To
Transgender: Terms, Concepts
& History Jennifer Bielmeier Transgender History Final Questions
and Conclusion Question Question Conclusion An Early Advocate The Social Power of Medicine Terms Gender Comportment Transgender Terms &
Definitions Sex (7)
Intersex (8)
Morphology (9)
Secondary Sex Characteristics (10)
Gender (11)
Gender Roles (12)
Gender Compartment 12)
Gender Identity (13)
Gender Identity Disorder (13)
Sexuality (16)
Transvestite (16)
Cross Dresser (17)
Transsexual (18)
Transgender (19)
Trans-man/Trans-women (20)
Gender Queer (20)
Alphabet Soup (21)
Subcultural Terms (22)
Cisgendered/Cissexual (22)
Gender Neutral Pronouns (21) -Movment away from an initially assigned gender position
-Referes to variations from gender norms and expectations
-Considering the idea that norms and expectation vary between time and place, transgender may be better defined as refusing a dominant construction of gender and replacing it with a marginalized or infrequent gender -Our bodily actions such as how we use our voices, cross our legs, hold our heads, wear our clothes, throw a ball, etc. ”Early advocate Mangnus Hirschfeld was a
pivotal figure in the political history of sexuality
and gender” (38). ”Both transvestism and transsexuality came to be seen as something different from either homosexuality or intersexuality. All four categories strove to articulate the complex and variable interrelations between social gender, psychological identity, and physical sex…”(49). How does Descartes Cartesian Dualism or the idea that the mind and body are separate from one another come into play when thinking about transgender individuals? How is Freud's Oedipal Complex explained when it come to transgender, transsexual or gender queer individuals? -In conclusion the meaning of the term ‘transgender’ is still under construction.

“It is the movement across a socially imposed boundary away from an unchosen starting place” (1). By: Susan Stryker Sex and Gender Gender Sex -Sex is generally considered biological
-The words 'male' and 'female are understood as refering to ones sex
-Sex is commonly understood as ones reproductive capacity or potential -Gender is generally considered cultural
-The words 'man' and 'women' are understood as refering to ones gender
-Gender is the social organization of different kinds of bodies into different categories of people Transsexual -Referes to individuals who desire to change their sexual morphology (though surgical/medical means) so to live as a full time member of the gender other than the one they were assigned at birth Gender Roles -Social expectations of proper behaviour and activities for a member of a particular gender Gender Identity -Ones subjective sense of fitting within a particular gender category Sexuality -What we find erotic and how we take pleasure in our bodies
-Involves many body parts or physical activities, as well as the erotic use of objects
-How we act on our erotic desires
-Terms used to label/classify our erotic desires depends on identifying the gender of a person whom our desires are directed (Heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, asexual, autosexual) -In the 1850’s it was illegal for a man and women to appear in public in clothing not appropriate or corresponding to their sex

-Movement into cities made it possible for men to move away from their families/church and form erotic bonds with others of the same sex

"The circumstances that supported the development of homosexual social worlds also applied to people who sought different ways to express their sense of gender" (34) Regulating Sexuality
And Gender Midcentury Transgender Social Networks Government Harassment "Medical practitioners and institutions have
the social power to determine what is considered
sick or healthy, normal or pathological, sane or
insane -- and thus, often, to transform potentially
neutral forms of human difference into unjust and oppressive social hierarchies” (36). What is as stake is not just what conventionally
counts as political activity within a modern
society...but the very configuration of body, sense
of self, practices of desire, modes of comportment,
and forms of social relationships that qualify one
in the first place as a fit subject for
citizenship” (51).
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