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History of Math Timeline

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Math Group

on 20 January 2013

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Transcript of History of Math Timeline

600 BC 500 400 300 200 100 0 100 AD 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 Diophantus 250
Greek
wrote Arithmetica Eratosthenes
240BC Calculated the circumference of the Earth using the angle of the sun
Created the Sieve of Eratosthenes to find prime numbers Fibonacci 1225
Italian
wrote "Book of Squares" Descartes 1637
French
Published his Discourse on Method Leibniz 1675
German
Began basis for integral and
differential calc Leonard Euler 1748
Swiss
Introduced idea of a fcn in
analytic math Cauchy 1820
French
Related limits and continuity
to calculus George Boole 1854
British
developed Boolean Algebra
Laws of Thought David Hilbert 1902
German
Published books with
axioms for invariants
and geometry Bertrand Russell 1903
British
Wrote The Principles of Math Andrew Wiles 1993
British
Proved Fermat's last theorem Zeno 490
Madrid
Zeno's Paradox Al Khwarizmi 780
Iraq
Introduced Hindu -
Arabic numerals to
European Math Kenneth Appel,
Wolfgang Haken 1976
Germany
4 Color Theorem Richard Dedekind 1854
Germany
"Dedekind Cut" Simeon Poisson 1812
France
Potential Theory Bernard Bolzano 1837
Prague
Theory of Science Alfred North Whitehead 1920
England
The role of Science in Math Isaac Newton 1666
England
Advanced every
branch of Math Kurt Godel 1931
Czech Republic
Incompleteness Theorum William Hamilton 1827
Ireland
Wave of light Theory Ptolemy 90
Egypt
Used Math to study
Astronomy Peter Dirichlet 1837
Germany
Infinite Numbers Theorum Pythagoras 580
Greek
Leader of the Pythagoreans, who
found many results in early
number theory, such as qualities
about even and odd integers and
the Pythagorean theorem. Hippocrates 470
Greek
Wrote first organized geometry
textbook, Stoicheia Elements
Worked with cube roots
Early examples of proof by
contradiction Aristotle 384
Greek
Founded the Lyceum, a school
in Greece
Formalized logic using
syllogisms
Refuted Zeno's paradoxes Hipparchus 190
Greek
Founded trigonometry Giovanni Saccheri 1733
Italian
Introduced concept of non-
Euclidean geometry in his book
Euclid Free of All Blemish Carl Friedrich Gauss 1801
German
Constructed a regular 17-side polygon
Published book Disquisitiones Arithmeticae Georg Cantor 1874
German
Founded set theory
Proved there were different "sizes"
of infinity John von Neumann 1930s
Hungarian-American
Came up with the idea for a
computer that could store
whole programs in its memory Archimedes
287-212BC
Perfected integration by applying the method of exhaustion
Archimedes Principle Omar Khayyam 1048-1131
First to realize connection between cubic
equations and conic sections
conceived idea that cubic equations have 2
solutions Blaise Pascal
1645 Invented the Pascaline
1647 Proved vacuums exist
Pascal Triangle
Probability Theory
Guillaume de L'Hopital
1696 1st textbook on
differential calc
Plagerized most of work John Machin
1680-1751
Calculated 100
digits of pi Lengedre
Theory of elliptic
functions
1794-"Elements of
Geometry" Evariste Galois
1829 Continued fraction
1830 Galois Theory Richard Feynman
Nobel prize 1965
Quantum Theory of
Electrodynamics continuum hypothesis
Set Theory Paul Cohen
1990's developed
'forcing' to work on
Full transcript