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Writing a Literature Review

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Amanda Bright

on 11 April 2016

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Transcript of Writing a Literature Review

Although litter is a common presence on streets and sidewalks, its consequences for American neighborhoods are widespread: it harms local and distant wildlife [science], threatens the mental health of community residents [social science], and encourages widespread disregard for creation [theology].
Sample Thesis:
Neighborhood littering
Science (Ecology/Biology)
Topic:
Disciplines:


Sources:
Theology
Social Science (Sociology/Psychology)
Sociological survey
Field study
Philosophical study
Religious texts / documents
Research study
Paragraph Order #1:
1. Ecological impact of littering
-If neighborhoods stopped littering today, what immediate impact might this have?
-How has the environment changed as a result of littering?
-How does litter affect Earth and wildlife?
3. Theological assessment of littering
2. Sociological impact of littering
-How does littering affect neighborhood health?
-How do unclean neighborhoods affect one's mental or physical health?
-Is littering more common in certain types of communities? If so, is this
-Is litter indicative of more serious social problems?
important to consider? What might this information mean?
-Do people have a moral responsibility to keep their neighborhoods clean? Why?
Paragraph Order #2:
1. Effects of Littering on Ecosystems & Wildlife
-What DON'T ecologists know about the long-term effects of litter?
-If littering continues, what consequences can we expect?
-How does litter harm the environment?
3. Effects of Littering on the Individual
2. Effects of Littering on Communities
-How does littering affect neighborhood health?
-Does littering indicate or correspond with larger social problems?
-Is littering more common in certain types of communities? If so, is this
-Do unclean neighborhoods affect one's mental or physical health?
important to consider? What might this information mean?
-How might one's decision to "care for Earth" influence his/her
-How does our treatment of Earth linked to our relationship with God?
relationship with God?
By Topic
By Discipline
Paragraph Order #3:
1. The Effects of Litter
-What does litter suggest about our spirituality, or how have religious
-How has littering affected us sociologically?
-How has littering changed our world ecologically?
3. The Impact of Litter on our Future
2. Littering: Where We Are Today
-How prevalent is littering? Does it indicate more serious social issues?
-What ecological impact is litter having, right this minute?
-What sociological impact is litter having, right this minute?
-How will litter affect our world ecologically if we do not address it?
-What are the spiritual ramifications of one's decision to litter?
-How will litter affect us sociologically in the long-term?
writers and thinkers historically addressed our obligation to care for Earth?
-How could a consistent disregard for Earth affect one's relationship with God
and/or spiritual growth?
Chronology
WRITING
Consider ...
Disciplinary perspectives (history, science, theology, psychology, art)
Sources (academic journals, newspapers, research institutes, memoirs)
Interrogate your sources:
Who is the author?
Where was it published? Is the source reliable?
How old is the article?
What is his/her methodology?
What is the author arguing? Does s/he have a specific agenda?
Where do your articles agree? Where do they disagree?
Do any articles present opposing viewpoints?
INDIVIDUALLY:
COLLECTIVELY:
Do different disciplines address different sides of your issue?
Does one article help you understand another one?
WRITING A LITERATURE REVIEW
Jamie Oliver on Adolescent Obesity:

"It's profoundly important that every single American child leaves school knowing how to cook ten [healthy] recipes [from fresh, local ingredients]."
Consider ...
Disciplinary perspectives (history, science, theology, psychology, art)
Sources (academic journals, newspapers, research institutes, memoirs)
Interrogate your sources:
Who is the author?
Where was it published? Is the source reliable?
How old is the article?
What is his/her methodology?
What is the author arguing? Does s/he have a specific agenda?
Where do your articles agree? Where do they disagree?
Do any articles present opposing viewpoints?
INDIVIDUALLY:
COLLECTIVELY:
Do different disciplines address different sides of your issue?
Does one article help you understand another one?
RESEARCH
1
2
Identify your
Choose a way to group research:
Chronological
Advancement
Geographical
Explain/Interrogate Each Source
Is it reliable?
Who is the author? Why is s/he
What is the main idea
Does it conflict with or confirm another source?
I
II
III
Opener
Introduce topic & provide purpose
Body
Present & review
Conclusion
What are the most important take-away
What are at least seven sources saying about your topic?

How do those sources interact with each other?
Based on this conversation, what could
you say in order to analyze or argue a unique angle or idea?
Sub-Topics
By Question
Topical or thematic
concerned about your topic?
of the source?
What kind of evidence is
Identify categories/trends
Thesis (in your own words)
Analysis/connect to topic
Summary of evidence
Organize sources with subheads
For each source, provide:
your sources
points from these sources?
Evaluate where researchers are with studying this issue - noting gaps or flaws.
What kind of "next steps" or conclusions does research point to?
used?
A Literature Review
Application
Language Without Words: The Role of Nonverbal Messages in Accurate Communication
How could you have organized the nonverbal information differently (applying a different method)?
How could you organize YOUR research?
Reviewing the Literature Review
A Literature Review: From Paper Backwards
A New Perspective on Deception
What do you notice about the opening?
What has been added in the body subheaded sections?
What was then addressed in the conclusion?
Practice with Organization
Brainstorm at least TWO ways the sources could be organized
Apply those strategies to YOUR literature review: What ways could you organize your information/sources?
Full transcript