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The Expressions of Michelangelo and Diego Rivera
Transcript of The Expressions of Michelangelo and Diego Rivera
By: Jennifer Odis
The Big Question
Michelangelo’s frescoes in the Sistine Chapel and Diego Rivera’s murals reflect various aspects of the times in which the artists lived and worked. How do the works of these two artists express the culture, politics, religion, and artistic
movements of their time? In this presentation, the historical time periods of these two artist will be explored. Their works will be analyzed to express the culture, politics, religion, and artistic movements of their time.
He was born on March 6, 1475 near Arezzo, Tuscany,Italy.
He was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer during the Renaissance.
His mother died at an early age and he was often beaten for his interest in art.
At 13, he was an apprentice to painter Domenico Ghirlandaio.
He lived during the Italian wars between Spain and France.
He was born in Guanajuato, Mexico on December 8, 1886.
He was a well-known muralist.
His prominent style was cubism, which is a type of artwork that is broken up, analyzed, and reassembled in an abstract form.
He participated in the founding of the Revolutionary Union of Technical Workers, Painters, and sculptors in 1922.
He later joined the Mexican Communist Party.
Historical Period of Michelangelo
Lived during the Italian Renaissance ( from the 14th century to the 17th century)
The Renaissance was a time of "coming out of the dark". It was a rebirth of education, science, art, literature, music, and a better life for people in general.
Era that bridged between the Middle Ages and Modern Times
Began with the fall of the Roman Empire.
Much of the advances in science, art, and government that had been made by the Greeks and Romans were lost during this time. Part of the Middle Ages is actually called the Dark Ages because so much of what was learned earlier was lost.
A big part of the Renaissance was a cultural movement called humanism. Humanism was a philosophy that all people should strive to be educated and learned in the classical arts, literature, and science. It looked for realism and human emotion in art. It also said that it was okay for people to pursue comfort, riches, and beauty.
The Mexican Revolution in 1914-1915 strongly influenced him.
So did the Russian Revolution in 1917.
Rivera was searching for a new form of painting, one that could express the complexities of his day and still reach a wide audience.
Historical Period of Diego Rivera
It was not until he began to study the Renaissance frescoes of Italy that he found his medium.
Mexican culture and history constituted the major themes and influence on Rivera's art.
Political Influences of Michelangelo
Many of his ideas where influenced by Neo-Platonism ( a modern term used to designate the period of Platonic philosophy beginning with the work of Plotinus and ending with the closing of the Platonic Academy by the Emperor Justinian in 529 C.E. )
His three principles were: the One, the Intellect, and the Soul
Inspired by the Classical times of Ancient Greeks and Romans
Had more religious inspiration the political.
In 1922, he joined the Mexican Communist Party and became a political activist.
His art reflects working-class scenes that reflect his party.
Political Influences of Diego Rivera
His works became less political and more casual when he married Frida Kahlo.
Frida used the styles of surrealism and symbolism.
Religious Influences of Michelangelo
Two of Michelangelo's best works, David and the Sistine Chapel, have a religious theme.
David was based on the Old Testament's David who defeated Goliath.
The Sistine Chapel exhibits Michelangelo's knowledge of the Bible and Roman Catholic Doctrine.
He has many other works, including the Pieta, the Mannerist works in the Laurentian Library, the Last Judgement, the humanist Medici tombs for the New Sacristy of Saint Lorenzo, and the architecture of St. Peter's Basilica.
David and The Sistine Chapel
Saint Peter's Basilica
Religious Influences of Diego Rivera
His art was mostly political influenced, unlike Michelangelo's whose works where more religious.
He was an atheist and expressed it in his works.
He wrote in his mural at Alameda Central "Dios no existe", which means "God does not exist."
It caused controversy in the Mexican society.
He did not represent religious items, unless they were useful for social observations.
Cultural Influences of Michelangelo
The Renaissance culturally influenced his art.
In many ways, he celebrated the western values of loving the world and humanity.
Interest in the Greek and Roman cultures where the inspiration behind his sculptures.
His collection of antiques demonstrated one of his influences to bring classical form into his work.
Cultural Influences of Diego Rivera
While in Spain, Diego became fascinated by the works of Cezanne, who introduced him to the art of cubism.
It is an early 20th-century style and movement in art, esp. painting, in which perspective with a single viewpoint was abandoned and use was made of simple geometric shapes, interlocking planes, and, later, collage.
He was interested in cubism because it questioned the pre-established conception of paintings.
He was also interested in Mondrian and created many paintings in this style.
Due to a lack of originality, Diego went to paintings murals, which are more realistic.
Born in Guanajuato, Mexico, his murals reflected his art based on the hardworking Mexicans and Mexican culture.
Michelangelo's style was born during the Italian High Renaissance.
High Renaissance in Italy is the climax of Renaissance art, from 1500-1525.
It is also considered as a sort of natural evolution of Italian Humanism
Artistic Styles and Media Usage of Michelangelo
He sculpted and painted man pieces of work based on male parts.
Well-known media usages are fresco paintings and murals.
Fresco, the Italian word for fresh, is a form of mural painting in which earth pigments are painted directly on fresh, wet, lime plaster. As the plaster dries, a chemical process bonds the pigment and plaster together.
The Last Judgement
Artistic Styles and Media Usage of Diego Rivera
Diego Rivera had a style of social realism, the realistic depiction in art of contemporary life, as a means of social or political comment.
His style was based on his Mexican culture which captivated real working class people.
From 1913 to 1917, Diego painted in cubism style, influenced by the works of Picasso.
Like Michelangelo, murals were one of his well known media usages.
He experimented with encaustic, which uses beeswax, resin, thinner and pigment.
It is heated for bonding.
Michelangelo and Diego are both talented and influential artist. Diego had multiple art styles and excelled in each, while Michelangelo was mostly a sculptor, but proved to be an excellent painter (ex. Sistine Chapel).
Diego's art was greatly influenced by his Mexican heritage. There is no evidence about his religious affiliation. Michelangelo, on the other hand, depicted Greek and Roman culture in his art.
Although it was uncertain about how religious he was, Michelangelo only painted religious scenes, while Diego only painted working-class Mexicans in most of his works.
Diego and Michelangelo both used murals and fresco painting as a media in their paintings.
Although, these artists come from two completely different worlds, one thing they have in common is their unique mark on the world of art.