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Brown vs. Board of Education
Transcript of Brown vs. Board of Education
Wait for directions.
There were fewer books
Less financial support
Teachers are trained and paid less
Overcrowding in classrooms
Not enough materials for all students
Please answer the following questions:
1.) Why did Dr. Clark find the little boy's comment disturbing?
2.) Did the Brown vs. Board of Education case inspire something more than readily seen? If so, then what?
3.) Is this case still important today?
Does segregation seem fair to you?
Why or why not?
Overview of Brown vs. Board
Jim Crow Laws
Results of the Trial
The Effects of the Trial
Answer this question:
Segregation began to improve but not immediately
Caused new court cases to occur
More blacks began to register to vote
NAACP membership increased
inspired Harper Lee in the writing of TKAM
Jim Crow Laws: Laws that enabled segregation, despite the 14th Amendment ("No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges... of citizens of the United States").
The Jim Crow Laws were named after a black character in Minstrel shows
Association for the
Founded in 1909
For twenty years (before the trial) they have tried to prevent racial injustice
Thurgood Marshall was the president of the NAACP during the Brown vs. The Board Education trials
Was made up of 5 cases
Lasted from 1954-1955
Marshall argued one of the cases himself
His main points:
- Separate schools imply inequality
-Segregation was paid for by Southern states
-The Doll Test results
The Doll Test
Was a case in 1954 that caused segregation in public schools to be illegal
Was put into effect because many people believed that Black children were not receiving good educations in the poor environments compared to all-white schools
As a result of this trial, many black people felt empowered to fight for other rights in varying places of their lives, sparking the civil rights movement across the U.S.
Broker, Russell. "The Education of Black Children in the Jim Crow South." America's Black Holocaust Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2015. <http://abhmuseum.org/2012/09/education-for-blacks-in-the-jim-crow-south/>.
"Brown at 60." LDF. NAACP-Legal Defense and Educational Fund, n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2015.
"Brown v. Board of Education-Case Brief Summary." Lawnix. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2015. <http://www.lawnix.com/cases/brown-board-education.html>.
"Brown v. Board of Education." The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015. http://www.civilrights.org/education/brown/
"NAACP Legal Defense Fund : Defend, Educate, Empower." Landmark: Brown v. Board of Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2015http://www.naacpldf.org/case/brown-v-board-education
Was painted by artist Pablo Iglesias
The white man's hand shows that Iglesias thinks that some whites are willing to help Blacks, but not all
The girl is stepping from a mixed world into a completely white one, as seen on the ground
He uses mostly warm colors to convey that this was a happy time
The girl is not accepting the white man's help, which may mean that Iglesias believes that Blacks do not accept the help of white people enough
A painting of a Black girl on her way to school after the Brown vs. Board of Education case
The Doll Test was conducted by Kenneth & Mamie clark.
Black children between the ages of 3-7 were given 4 identical dolls. However, there was one diffrence! Some of the dolls provided were black, and some were white.
When asked which doll they preffered (or thought was overall better) the kids almost always chose the white doll.
In addition, these black kids attributed more positive characteristics with the white dolls.
When asked which doll he was most like, a little boy pointed to the black doll and said, "That's a nigger, I'm a nigger." Dr. Clark found this to be quite disturbing.
The results proved that racism, discrimination, and segregation significantly lowered the self esteem of black youth.
Overturned the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson by explaining how the separation of schools is unequal even if teachers, school supplies, etc. were equal.
The Brown v Board cases caused protests, school closures, military intervention, and resistance in the South
Obama stated in a 2008 speech “segregated schools were, and are, inferior schools 50 years after Brown v. Board of Education – and the inferior education they provided, then and now, helps explain the pervasive achievement gap between today’s black and white students.”