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Transcript of Bergen-Belsen
They were all treated well and there were good conditions
They also wanted to hold Jews there to exchange with German prisoners of war
Only 348 were actually exchanged In the beginning... Became a concentration camp on December 2, 1944
SS officer Josef Kramer took charge of the camp The sections of camp... Prison camp - had section for sick
Special camp - Polish Jews with passports, most were taken to Auschwitz and killed
Neutral camp - didn't have to work
Hungarian camp - could wear normal clothes
Star camp - from Netherlands, could wear normal clothes but had to work
Tent camp - used for women's transports, no heat, toilets, lighting, or beds
Small women's camp - came from tent camp in Nov. 1944
Large women's camp - 30,387 lived there in March 1945 At Bergen-Belsen Jews, POWs, political prisoners, Gypsies, criminals, and Jehovah's Witnesses were held in the camp
There were no gas chambers and no forced labor
Disease spread in 1944: typhus, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, and dysentery Jewish deaths 50,000 died in two years
13,000 died after liberation
Anne Frank and her sister died of disease here Liberation Camp was liberated by the British on April 15, 1945
There were 60,000 prisoners in the camp
According to the British soldiers, 10,000 bodies were unburied
The German guards were forced to bury the bodies
The British couldn't stop the spread of disease
Once everyone was evacuated they burned down all of Bergen-Belsen Impact on WWII Bergen-Belsen had a huge impact on World War II
When the British came upon the camp they were shocked
They used photos and videos to create a movie that they showed as propaganda in the United States
The horrible conditions in the camp shocked many people
It inspired them to fight more in the war
So, Bergen-Belsen gave the Allies another reason to fight in the war The sections of Bergen-Belsen were like classrooms in a school. Each one had a different purpose The doors to the cattle car opened. The Jews were blinded by the sunlight after being in darkness for many days. Once their eyes adjusted to the light they were horrified by what they saw. There were dead bodies all around the camp, and the prisoners that were still alive looked like walking skeletons. But there was something more the newly arrived Jews couldn't see. Behind the sunken faces and corpses there was a story. It was a story of hatred, fear, death, sickness, and suffering. Welcome to Bergen-Belsen. The reasons for the terrible conditions at Bergen-Belsen were poor sanitation, lack of food, and lack of water. Hatred is a scary thing, and what it can do is powerful. The Germans killed the bodies of many people, but there were many more souls that were damaged and hurt. The people that died at Bergen-Belsen had extreme courage, but they are not even remembered by their own graves. They are with thousands of others under a field of green; they are all that's left of Bergen-Belsen. Introduction Conclusion