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Rachel Whitty

on 10 December 2016

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Transcript of Mapping

All maps use symbols to represent the information on the map. This is a legend (or key)
They help identify roads, buildings, geographical features, and many more.
L- Legend
All maps have the orientation on them. These are called the Cardinal Directions
- North
- South
- East
- West
O- Orientation
When you create a map yourself, or when you look at a map, they will have a border around the map.
B- Border
B - Border
O - Orientation
L - Legend
T - Title
S - Scale

Elements of A Map
- Representations of the world

- Created by people called 'Cartographers'

- Help other people navigate the world

- Contain information tailored for a specific purpose
i.e. A road map helps the user from one place to another with a vehicle
An Atlas has different information, like how land is used, population density and political boundaries between regions
S- Scale
The scale of a map allows a reader to work out the size, height and dimensions of features shown on the map, as well as the distance between different points. The scale on a map is the ratio between life sizes and how many times it has been shrunk to fit it on the map
(1cm on the map represents 50,000cm on the ground (Or 500m/0.5m))
T- Title
Make sure you read the title of a map before you use it. This will give you a general idea about the information it stores.
Alternatively, make sure you include a title if you create a map, so reader's know what the map is showing.
Types of Maps
Shows characteristics of the environment such as mountains, rivers and lakes
Colours are used to show
(differences in land heights)
Political Map
Shows state and national boundaries
A capital city is usually marked
Choropleth Map
A thematic map where areas are shaded or patterned in proportion to the data being shown.
I.e. Generally the more common a variable, the darker the colour, or the less common the lighter
Topographic Map
Include contour lines to show the shape and elevation of an area. Lines that are close together show steep terrain, and lines that are far apart show flat terrain.
Street Maps/Road Maps
Show smaller areas such as towns and cities.
People use street maps to find directions to a place they want to go.
Mud Map
A rough drawn map or set of directions, which shows key features to help people navigate
Grid References
Maps often contain grid lines which are useful in finding exact places or locations.
In 4-figure grid references (or Area Reference) 4 digits are used to find the general location of a school for example, but you can go into more detail to find the exact location of the school with a 6-figure grid reference
First read the vertical lines (eastings) then the horizontal lines (northings)

Think- you have to walk over to the tree, before you can climb up
Northings and Eastings
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