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Transcript of Mexico
is the official language of Mexico
A cultural Presentation
roles within the family
what not to do
Nursing Article Findings
Barriers to nursing care
Quiz Question #1
Jan1: Ano Nuevo "New Year"
Feb12-17: Carnaval "Carnival"
March 29-April 5: Semana Santa "Holy Week"
May5:Cinco De Mayo
Mexico has a patriarchal society.
A woman’s role as a mother is considered more important than her role as a wife.
Sep16: Mexican Independence Day
Nov1&2: Dia de los Muertos "Day of the Dead"
Nov20:Dia de la Revelucion "Revolution Day"
Dec25: Navidad "Christmas"
Values that may be difficult to accommodate in a hospital setting
is valued and it is important to remember that the area between the waist and knees is considered very private so should be very respectful of assessments in this area.
is very big so personal matters should be handled within the family.
Respect and honor
are very important in this culture so as a health care provider, you should always greet with Mr, Mrs. or Miss (Senor, Senora or Senorita) and their last name. It's important to continue to address them respectfully throughout your encounters with them. It is expected that a caregiver will show warmth not only to the patient but also to the family.
Since 1980, Mexicans have been the largest immigrant group in U.S.
11.6 million Mexican immigrants in U.S. and account for 28 percent of the country’s 41.3 million foreign born
89% Roman Catholic and 6% Protestant
Catholicism believes in the hierarchy of the Church, Purgatory and the Veneration of Mary etc.
the Trinity, Jesus Christ, the sacrifice for our sins, the Resurrection, the Second Coming, Heaven and Hell.
while protestants believe in "sola scriptura"
Four main periods of immigration into the U.S.
Similar geography due to close proximity, which consists of hot and humid coast lines, deserts, and fertile valleys.
Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral
Second largest Roman Catholic country in the world.
United Mexican States has 31 states and 1 federal district
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches
Government run by a president who is elected every 6 years. Presidents can not be re-elected, so they only serve one term.
Federal republic with a centralized government
Enrique Pena Nieto
24.9% of the total population of San Diego is Mexican American,
There are about 31 million Mexican Americans in U.S.
Chula Vista and Old Town have a more defined presence of Mexican Americans
100 Native American languages
are also still spoken. The predominant Native American language is Nahuatl, followed by Maya, Mixteco and Zapoteco.
Under spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Pope and Curia as well as the Mexican Episcopal Conference.
Dec 16-24: Christmas Eve
Diet includes chicken, pork, beef, rice, beans, and corn.
Mole poblano is considered the national plate of mexico.
Some other popular dishes are tacos, tamales, and enchiladas.
Menudo is a traditional Mexican soup made with beef stomach (tripe) in broth with a red chili pepper base. Usually, lime, chopped onions, and chopped cilantro are added, as well as crushed oregano and crushed red chili peppers.
uncertainty of life
I don't know
hot and cold properties of food are believed to help balance a person’s equilibrium. It is not the temperature of the food but the “essence” of it that categorizes it into “hot” or “cold”.
This article interviewed Mexican-American patients after being treated in an Emergency Department near them.
Some barriers to nursing care were identified as:
language barrier leading to less understanding
Unnecessary lab and other diagnostic tests ordered as a result of lack of understanding
Misinterpretation of patient response leading to non-compliance, missed follw-up appointments, and overall misunderstanding of condition
Some suggestions made to improve patient-provider communication:
basic Spanish training for health care professionals
interpreter phones available 24/7
written translated information that is deemed critical for patient understanding
Mal de Ojo
quiz question #2
Which of these traditional healers deals with botanical remedies?
What special fruit is eaten in Mexico in celebration of the New Year?
A. 12 grapes
B. 6 apples
C. 10 oranges
D. 12 strawberries
A. 12 grapes
Mexico's rainy season runs from May - September
In the South, April and May prove to be the hottest months, while the Pacific Coast heats up July-September
&June-October is Mexico's hurricane season
The Yucatan gets extremely hot May-September