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Mexico

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Katrina Moretta

on 26 April 2015

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Transcript of Mexico

Background
Languages
Spanish
is the official language of Mexico


Food preferences
values
Mexican Catholicism
Mexico
A cultural Presentation

Familial Customs
roles within the family
Cultural Taboos
what not to do
Health Practices
Nursing Article Findings
Barriers to nursing care
Quiz Question #1
Jan1: Ano Nuevo "New Year"
important HOlidays
Feb12-17: Carnaval "Carnival"
March 29-April 5: Semana Santa "Holy Week"
HOlidays cont.

May5:Cinco De Mayo
Mexico has a patriarchal society.
A woman’s role as a mother is considered more important than her role as a wife.
Sep16: Mexican Independence Day
“La cuarentena”

Holidays cont.
Nov1&2: Dia de los Muertos "Day of the Dead"
Nov20:Dia de la Revelucion "Revolution Day"
Dec25: Navidad "Christmas"
familial customs
childbearing practices
remedies
Health Practices
folk practices
Values that may be difficult to accommodate in a hospital setting
Modesty
is valued and it is important to remember that the area between the waist and knees is considered very private so should be very respectful of assessments in this area.

Privacy
is very big so personal matters should be handled within the family.
Respect and honor
are very important in this culture so as a health care provider, you should always greet with Mr, Mrs. or Miss (Senor, Senora or Senorita) and their last name. It's important to continue to address them respectfully throughout your encounters with them. It is expected that a caregiver will show warmth not only to the patient but also to the family.
Health Practices
Health Practices


Since 1980, Mexicans have been the largest immigrant group in U.S.

11.6 million Mexican immigrants in U.S. and account for 28 percent of the country’s 41.3 million foreign born




89% Roman Catholic and 6% Protestant
climate
Catholicism believes in the hierarchy of the Church, Purgatory and the Veneration of Mary etc.
Predominant Religion
the Trinity, Jesus Christ, the sacrifice for our sins, the Resurrection, the Second Coming, Heaven and Hell.
while protestants believe in "sola scriptura"
Similarities
Differences

Four main periods of immigration into the U.S.
Similar geography due to close proximity, which consists of hot and humid coast lines, deserts, and fertile valleys.

Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral
Second largest Roman Catholic country in the world.
Government
United Mexican States has 31 states and 1 federal district


Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches

Government run by a president who is elected every 6 years. Presidents can not be re-elected, so they only serve one term.

Federal republic with a centralized government
Enrique Pena Nieto
demographics
24.9% of the total population of San Diego is  Mexican American,

There are about 31 million Mexican Americans in U.S.
Chula Vista and Old Town have a more defined presence of Mexican Americans
Approximately
100 Native American languages
are also still spoken. The predominant Native American language is Nahuatl, followed by Maya, Mixteco and Zapoteco.
Under spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Pope and Curia as well as the Mexican Episcopal Conference.
Dec 16-24: Christmas Eve
Diet includes chicken, pork, beef, rice, beans, and corn.
Mole poblano is considered the national plate of mexico.

Some other popular dishes are tacos, tamales, and enchiladas.
Menudo is a traditional Mexican soup made with beef stomach (tripe) in broth with a red chili pepper base. Usually, lime, chopped onions, and chopped cilantro are added, as well as crushed oregano and crushed red chili peppers.
Familia


respect
Fatalismo
family
Respeto
uncertainty of life
I don't know
Curanderismo/a
Yerbero/a
Parteras
Sobadoro/as
Espiritualisto/as
Diet
hot and cold properties of food are believed to help balance a person’s equilibrium. It is not the temperature of the food but the “essence” of it that categorizes it into “hot” or “cold”.
Herbs
Amulets

http://www.sciencedirect.com.libproxy.sdsu.edu/science/article/pii/S0099176707003170
This article interviewed Mexican-American patients after being treated in an Emergency Department near them.
Some barriers to nursing care were identified as:

language barrier leading to less understanding
Unnecessary lab and other diagnostic tests ordered as a result of lack of understanding
Misinterpretation of patient response leading to non-compliance, missed follw-up appointments, and overall misunderstanding of condition
Some suggestions made to improve patient-provider communication:
Empacho
basic Spanish training for health care professionals
interpreter phones available 24/7
written translated information that is deemed critical for patient understanding
Financial constraints
Trust/Mistrust
Machismo
Traditional Healing
Language
Mal de Ojo
Envidia
Answer:
quiz question #2
answer:
Which of these traditional healers deals with botanical remedies?
Susto
A. Espiritualisto/a
B. Yerbero/a
C. Sobadoro/a
D. Partera
B. Yerbero/a
What special fruit is eaten in Mexico in celebration of the New Year?
A. 12 grapes
B. 6 apples
C. 10 oranges
D. 12 strawberries
A. 12 grapes
Mollera Caida
SOURCES
HOLIDAYS:
http://www.123newyear.com/newyear-traditions/mexican.html
http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/mexico/
http://www.mexonline.com/holiday.htm
BACKGROUND:
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/mexican-immigrants-united-states)
http://www.city-data.com/us-cities/The-West/San-Diego-Geography-and-Climate.html
http://staff.esuhsd.org/balochie/studentprojects/mexico/MexGovernment.html

HEALING PRACTICES
http://www.uiowa.edu/~medtest/culturecws/culture2.pdf
http://www.babycenter.com/0_baby-care-traditions-in-hispanic-culture_3654465.bc?page=2
https://books.google.com/books?id=rdEnV1HWrvgC&pg=PA97&lpg=PA97&dq=mexican+child-bearing+practice&source=bl&ots=GAQ0V7Wo2I&sig=Rwtk4YuXWa4TMzpKnQYehXalM_0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dJMJVdGtApLasASuoIHoAQ&ved=0CFgQ6AEwBw#v=snippet&q=mexican%20childbearing&f=false
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/mexico/machismo.htm
http://www.yucatan-holidays.com/featured-articles/top-10-cultural-norms-to-observe-in-mexico/
http://www.circlesofexcellence.com/blog/2012/06/cultural-clues-do’s-taboos-communication-guidelines-for-mexico/
http://www.dimensionsofculture.com/2010/10/folk-illnesses-and-remedies-in-latino-communities/
http://www.ioufoundation.org/press/health-science/187-curanderismo-spirituality-and-healing-in-oaxaca-mexico
http://bernard.pitzer.edu/~hfairchi/pdf/psychology/Therapy%26Diversity/Tafur%282009%29Curandismo.pdf
http://grandparents.about.com/od/grandparentingtoday/a/hispanic_family.htm
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2293294/
ARTICLE:
http://www.sciencedirect.com.libproxy.sdsu.edu/science/article/pii/S0099176707003170
Mexico's rainy season runs from May - September
In the South, April and May prove to be the hottest months, while the Pacific Coast heats up July-September
&June-October is Mexico's hurricane season
The Yucatan gets extremely hot May-September
Full transcript