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Unit 21: Pronominalization

American Sign Language Student Text by Dennis Cokely and Charlotte Baker-Shenk. Advanced ASL
by

Emma Kreiner

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of Unit 21: Pronominalization

Cultural Information: Telecommunication Devices
Pronominalization

Unit 21: Pronominalization
Telecommunication Devices
TDD/TTY
Telecommunication Device for the Deaf (TDD)
Tele-typewriter (TTY)
Deaf tend to use the TTY acronym. They don't see the why it was every changed in the first place!
What is it?
A device which allows Deaf people to communicate using standard phone lines.
Hard copy vs. Soft copy
Hard Copy:
The words typed by the other person/operator are printed out on a piece of paper.
Soft Copy:
The words appear from left to right across a screen.
1. Always identify yourself.

2. Key Codes:
GA: Go-Ahead
I am done talking; it's your turn.
SK: Stop Key
I'm ready to end the conversation if you are.
SKSK: Stop Key
Our conversation is over and we're ready to hang up.
Rules and Etiquette
TTY's are very quickly going out of fashion/ production with the rise of the video phone and video relay service. However, it's good to know the basics because TTY's are still often used in places that Deaf people may need to use a phone line. For examples: Most hospitals will still provide a TTY for a Deaf person to use (if they request it).
TTY: Ancient Tech?
The TTY Relay Service is still in use! To use it, you must dial 711 on your standard phone.

You can call the person's number if they also have a TTY, or you can dial the relay service to get an operator to transcribe your call.

It works much like our current Video Relay Service. The Deaf person types to the operator, who voices the message to the hearing person on the other end of the line. When the hearing person responds, the operator types the message to the Deaf person which appears as a soft or hard copy.
TTY Relay and You!
Handshapes
Possessives
Assigning Spacial Locations
Pronominalization
Handshapes
Handshapes determine the type of pronominal reference.

"We"= indexic
"Ourselves"= reflexive/emphatic
"Yours"=possessive
Pronominalization Handshapes
1 (YOU)
Open B (YOUR)
A (MYSELF)
Semi-open, fingers together (Honorific YOU)
Y (THAT-ONE)
Thumb extended (informal referencing)
Exclusively Plural Handshapes
2 (TWO-OF-US)
3 (THREE-OF-THEM)
4 (FOUR-OF-US)
5 (FIVE-OF-THEM)
Singular vs. Plural
Plural Sweep
Possessive
If the object which is owned is present in the communication area, the signer may reference both the owner and the owned object with a possessive pronoun.
__________q__________
YOUR <--> POSS-book?
If a possessive reference repeatedly points to someone, it means that something is a 'characteristic of' or a 'trait of' that person.
____'th'_____ ____nod___
AWKWARD, fs: LEE-rt POSS-lee ++
Possessives, cont.
Sometimes in these cases, the pronoun is proceeded by TEND-TO or THAT-ONE.
KNOW-THAT fs:PAT-rt TEASE 'over and over again' TEND-TO-rt POSS-rt.
Sometimes when either of those two are signed before a possessive pronoun, the signs change. They blend with the pronoun to look and act like a single sign.
TEND-TO POSS-rt THAT-ONE POSS-rt
Sign in the location
Fingerspell in the location
Sign, then use pronoun
Use a classifier
Use a directional verb
Head, eye, and body movements
Set up on non-dominant hand
Assigning Spacial Locations
Sign in the location
Many of these can and often do appear together
I have two brothers and one sister.

ME HAVE BROTHER(left) 2, SISTER (rt) 1.
Me
BROTHER 2
SISTER 1
Fingerspell in the location
My brothers' and sister's names are Adam, Kestrel, and Paul.
__rhq__
BROTHER SISTER NAME WHAT?
fs: ADAM (left) fs: KESTREL (center) fs: Paul (rt).
Me
fs: ADAM
fs: KESTREL
fs: PAUL
Sign, then use pronoun
Ex. A: My brother's name is Adam. My sister's name is Kestrel.

MY BROTHER IX-left NAME fs: ADAM. MY SISTER NAME fs: KESTREL IX-right.
The only thing that changes is where you point, everything else occurs in your neutral signing zone.
Ex. B: My friend Julie and I are going to a party.

ME, MY FRIEND fs: JULIE, TWO-OF-US-rt GO-TO PARTY.
Note...
Sometimes the pronoun does not need to come immediately after the sign for the person. *

Ex: My mother has a soft heart and is beautiful. Her name is Paulette.

MY MOTHER SOFT-HEARTED, BEAUTIFUL. IX-rt NAME fs: PAULETTE.
*Rule of the last-mentioned subject
Use a classifier
__nod_
MY CAR Cl:3-car-rt OLD, BREAKDOWN WILL.
Me
Cl: 3
fs: JASON Cl:1-walked by me quickly.
Me
Cl: 1--------->
Use a directional verb
Ex. A: MY BIRTHDAY, fs: JULIE BOX julie-right-GIVE-me.
Me
GIVE
Ex. B: CALIFORNIA me-FLY-there-right, FLY-back-here WILL.
Me
FLY
Julie
Head, eye, and body movements
MY BROTHER (gaze left) fs: ADAM KISS-FIST BASEBALL. BROTHER fs: PAUL (gaze center) KISS-FIST BASKETBALL.
Me
California
Adam
Paul
MY MOTHER BAWL-ME-OUT. (rs-mother) YOUR ROOM MESS!
Me
Mother
Set up on non-dominant hand
MY FAMILY: FATHER, MOTHER, BROTHER fs: ADAM, SISTER fs: KESTREL, ME, ME KESTREL TWINS, BROTHER fs: PAUL.
Dad
Mom
Adam
Kestrel
Me
Paul
Note...
Up to 10 people/objects can be listed. For #10, shake it to distinguish it from #1.
Point to each finger OR raise each finger emphatically as each is listed.
On referencing...
In general, once someone has established a reference point, it does not change.
However, sometimes it does if a "new" person takes over the place of an "old" person who is no longer being talked about.
Sometimes references may change location as the Signer's perspective changes.
Perspective Change
MY FRIEND IX-POSS-rt HOUSE Cl:Claw 5(house, right) I ARRIVE. CL:1 (I walk up to house). DOOR (center) ME KNOCK.
a.
Me
Cl:Claw 5
b.
Me
Cl: 1*
c.
Me
Door/ KNOCK
*You can either sign CL:1 going straight, or going to the right to show you walking to the house.
friend/ house
Full transcript