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Taxonomy

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by

Savannah Patterson

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of Taxonomy

Kingdom
Animalia

All animalia:
are eukaryotic and multicellular
heterotrophic
ingest and digest food
reproduce sexually
have nervous systems
capable of motion

Kingdom
Plantae

All plantae:
are eukaryotic
multicellular
have cell walls which are made of cellulose
autotrophs
reproduce both sexually and asexually
obtain energy though photosynthesis
Kingdom
Fungi

All fungi:
are eukaryotic
reproduce with spores
are heterotrophic
absorb nutrients through decomposition of dead organisms
Kingdom
Eubacteria

All eubacteria are:
single-celled
prokaryotic
lack mitochondrias and chloroplasts
have flagella, which allows movement
reproduce through binary fission
absorb nutrients or sunlight

Kingdom
Archaebacteria

All archaebacteria:
are unicellular and prokaryotic
live in harsh environments
reproduce through binary fission
have no cell nucleus or any other membrane-bound organelles
Kingdom
Protista

All protista:
are eukaryotic
have a membrane bound nucleus
reproduce both sexually and asexually
use the mitochondria for cellular respiration and aerobic respiration
Taxonomy
Escherichia coli
E. coli
Phylum
Cyanobacteria
Savannah Patterson
Division Eumycophyta
Halobacteria
have have chlorophyll
were called blue-green algae because of their ability to photosynthesize, but but were reclassified when it was found that they are existing as prokaryotic cells.
Contains "true fungi."
They usually have cell walls, and reproduce by various types of spores.
Class Ascomycetes
contains the sac fungi
reproduce sexually with ascospores
are unicellular

Class Basidiomycetes
contains the club fungi
reproduce sexually by basidiosp-ores
Class Deuteromycetes
referred to as "fungi imperfecti"
known to reproduce asexually in the process called sporogenesis

Amanita Muscaria
Phylum Bryophyta
seedless plants
move substances through the plant body by osmosis
reproduce sexually using haploid cells
Phylum Antherocerotopsida
tend to grow only in places that are damp or humid
nonflowering
Tolypothrix
Rufous rubber cup
Galiella rufa
Cortinarius cinnamomeus
Cinnamon webcap
Conidia
Soft tree fern
Dicksonia antartica
Moss
Hornworts
Phylum Pterophyta
vascular plants
seedless
reproduce with spores
Polypodiopsida
Tree fern
Phylum Coniferophyta
gymnosperms
cone-bearing seed plants
vascular tissue
Conifer
Pinophyta
Phylum Anthophyta
(Angiosperm)
seed-producing plants
produce flowers
Sweetbay Magnolia
Magnolia virginiana
Class Monocotyledone
mostly perennial plants
have food storage organs such as corms or rhizomes
Martagon lily
Lilium martagon
Class Dicotyledone
Arachis hypogaea
Peanuts
seed typically has two embryonic leaves or cotyledons
produce flowers
Fly agaric
Water mold
Phytophthora infestans
Phylum Zoomastigophora (Zoomastigina)
have one or more whip-like organelles called flagella
Green algae
Stigeoclonium
Phylum Ciliophora
have hair-like organelles called cilia
Oxytricha trifallax
Phylum Sarcodina
(Rhizopoda)
have pseudopodia, which are used for moving and ingesting food particles
reproduce by binary fission
Chaos carolinense
Giant Amoeba
Phylum Rhodophyta
multicellular
marine
have sexual reproduction
Red algae
Greek- rose
Phylum Chrysophyta
found mostly in freshwater
usual form of reproduction is cell division
Golden algae
Phylum Oomycota
they are filamentous
reproduce both sexually and asexually
Phytophthora infestans
Phylum Eugienophyta
unicellular aquatic algae
heterotrophic and can ingest or absorb their food
reproduce by longitudinal cell division
Euglena
Phylum Sporozoa
they form reproductive cells known as spores
reproduction cycle has both asexual and sexual phases
Sporozoa
Phylum Coelenterata
Class Schyphozoa
Class Anthozoa
Phylum Porifera
Phylum Platyhelminthes
Class Turbellaria
Class Trematoda
Class Cestoda
Phylum Nematoda
Phylum Annelida
Phylum Mollusca
Class Pelecypoda
Class Gastropoda
Class Cephalopoda
Phylum Echinodermata
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Crustacea
Class Arachnida
Class Insecta
Class Chilopoda
Class Diplopoda
Class Trilobite
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Urochordata
Subphylum
Cephalochordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Agnatha
Class Chondrichthyes
Class Osteichthyes
Class Reptilia
Class Amphibia
Class Aves
Class Mammalia
Order Monotremata
Order Marsupialia
Order Artiodactyla
Order Carnivora
Order Cetacea
Order Chiroptera
Order Edentata
Order Insectivora
Order Lagomorpha
Order Perissodactyla
Order Primate
Order Proboscidea
Order Rodentia
Order Sirenia
Chlamydosaurus kingii
Frilled Lizard
aquatic animals
reproduction is sexual and asexual
their digestive cavity forms the main body
Sea anemone
Cnidaria anthozoa
marine
jelly-like body type
Jellyfish
Cnidaria
do not have a medusa stage in their development
capable of catching fish and corals of catching plankton
Brain coral
Diploria labyrinthiformis
have bodies full of pores and hollow channels which allow water to pass through
do not have any organ systems
reproduce asexually through budding and producing gemmules
Calcareous sponge
Guancha lacunosa
their body contains no internal cavity
live underwater in saltwater and freshwater
they are parasites
Persian Bedroom Flatworm
Pseudobiceros bedfordi
reproduce sexually
most are predators
Bedford's flatworm
Pseudobiceros bedfordi
includes groups of parasitic flatworms, known as flukes
flattened oval or worm-like animals
Most trematodes are simultaneous hermaphrodites
Botulus microporus
parasitic flatworms
they live in the digestive tracts of vertebrates
Beef tapeworm
Taenia saginata
have tubular digestive systems with openings at both ends
adapted to nearly every ecosystem
Roundworm
Caenorhabditis elegans
have a nervous, digestive, and closed circlutary systems
live in the underground, in water and as parasites
reproduce sexually
Earthworm
Lumbricina
marine
reproduce sexually
are bilaterally symmetrical
Blue-ringed octopus
Hapalochlaena
marine and freshwater molluscs that have laterally compressed bodies enclosed by a shell consisting of two hinged parts
use ctenidia, specialised organs for feeding and breathing
Clam
Bivalve mollusc
have an extraordinary diversification of habitats
snails have shells, slugs do not
Garden snail
Helix aspersa
marine
characterized by bilateral body symmetry, a prominent head, and a set of arms or tentacles
Bigfin reef squid
Sepioteuthis lessoniana
found at every ocean depth
asexual reproduction
their ossified skeletons are major contributors to many limestone formations
Starfish

Echinodermata asteroidea
have body segments
paired segmented appendages
can live on land, in the air and in the water
sexual repro.
Bumble bee
Bombus
free-living aquatic animals
protected by the hard exoskeleton
Lobster
Homarus gammarus
joint-legged invertebrates
terrestrial
European Garden Spider
Araneus diadematus
class of invertebrates
that have a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body, three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae
sexual repro.
Mole cricket
Gryllotalpa brachyptera
elongated metameric creatures with one pair of legs per body segment
predominantly carnivorous
require a moist habitat
Centipede
Scolopendra
two pairs of legs on most body segments
slow-moving detritivores
Millipede
Anadenobolus monilicomis
form one of the earliest known groups of arthropods
had wide diversity
Early Devonian
Kainops invius
Chordates are animals that have a notochord, a dorsal nerve cord, gills, and a tail.
They developed to adapt to the changes to marine life. These
changes are important because it helps them survive.
Pristella maxillaris
Golden pristella tetra
marine
filter-feeding
Sea suirts
Ascidiacea
filter-feeding
stay in shallow waters
Lancelet
Cephalochordata
has back bone to support and protect
largest class
Great White shark
Carcharodon carcharias
Hagfish
Myxinidae
Habitat: burrows on the ocean floor
Red lionfish
Pterois volitans
Habitat: warmer waters of the tropics
Bowfin
Ami calva
Habitat: freshwater, dark lakes and rivers
Lizard
Lacertilia
Habitat: deserts
Newts
Pleurodelinae
Habitat: Coniferous and deciduous forests
House Sparrow
Passer domesticus

Habitat: Coniferous and deciduous forests
Meerkat
Suricata suricatta
Habitat: savannas and grasslands
Platypus
Ornithorhynchus anatinus
It lays eggs but nurses.
Kangaroo
Macropus giganteus
They care for their young in the pouch up to a year after birth.
Giraffe
Giraffa camelopardalis
Males often compete in "necking" combats to establish hierarchies.
Tiger
Panthera tigris
They are the largest cat species.
Blue whale
Balaenoptera musculus
They are the largest existing animal.
Bat

Microchiroptera
They use echolocation.
Hoffman's two-toed sloth
Choloepus hoffmanni

They have the slowest metabolism rate in their phylum.
European hedgehog
Erinaceus europaeus

They are liked for their pest control.
Cottontail rabbit
Sylvilagus
They burrow underground.
Horse
Equus ferus caballus
They have a strong fight-or-flight response.
Ring-tailed lemur
Lemur catta
They are most like humans with larger brains and opposable thumbs.
African bush elephant
Loxodonta africana
The order has only one existing family left.
Beaver
Castor canadensis
Rodents can often be treated as pets.
West Indian Manatee
Trichechus manatus
They are often referred to as "sea cows."
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