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The American Revolution

Summary of the Revolutionary War
by

Stephanie Ntim

on 4 October 2014

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Transcript of The American Revolution

The Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies on the North American continent.
Problems For British
"The Shot Heard Around the World"- Began the Revolutionary War
Lexington & Concord
Most of the troops and supplies needed to be shipped across the Atlantic Ocean
Control of the countryside was eluded because they did not have a strong land army
The British also had the difficult task of fighting in the war while simultaneously keeping the allegiance of Loyalists
Unlike the British, the Americans were fighting to protect
their homes and families
on
their land
Problems for Americans
The Americans had a collection of undisciplined militiamen who had never fought before
The American Navy was small and was no match for the Royal Navy
New York- 1777
Battle of Saratoga
Surrender at Yorktown
With the help of France, America was consistent with Great Britain
Back in England... the
Whigs
(group of British politicians who sought reform) denounced the war as unjust
Americans laid siege to a large encampment of British forces under Lord Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia.
Continued fighting until 1783
Treaty of Paris
War ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783
The treaty granted massive areas of western
lands to the Americans and recognized
the United States as a new and independent country
Turning point in the Revolutionary War
Began the

Franco-American Alliance
of 1778
Once France joined the American forces, Spain began to supply the Americans with munitions and supplies
Later, the Netherlands joined against the British
U.S. Troops engaged: 217,000
Deaths: 4,435
The Revolutionary War did not have a Reign of Terror but possessed a revolutionary spirit
Some believe that the American Revolution was a conservative movement while others believe it was a radical movement
Revolutionary War: At a Glance
To protest the intolerable acts, prominent colonials met in Philadelphia at
the First Continental Congress
in 1774 but the British refused to listen
As a result, they instituted a boycott of all British goods
In Concord, Massachusetts 1775 British militiamen came to seize weapons but the militiamen of Lexington & Concord intercepted and attack
Again!
The
Second Continental Congress
was created to discuss more options
In the
Olive Branch Petition
they professed their loyalty to the king and gave a list of grievances
The king rejected it and declared that the colonies were in a state of rebellion
Works Cited
"Overview: The American Revolution, 1765-1783." ExplorePAhistory.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. < http://explorepahistory.com/story.php?storyId=1-9-11>
"American Revolutionary War (1775-1783)." The American Revolutionary War. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://www.myrevolutionarywar.com/>.
"Revolutionary War." Fact Monster.© 2000–2007 Pearson Education, publishing as Fact Monster. 02 Oct. 2012 <http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0769969.html>.
"The American Revolution (1754–1781)." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/revolution/section7.rhtml>.
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