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Copy of Ming Dynasty
Transcript of Copy of Ming Dynasty
The Ming Dynasty's government system was made by the emperor who was currenly ruling. The resources, large areas and large populations demanded a strong central government. The government these dynasties created were usually very autocratic and even despotic, ruthlessly enforcing their rule and conscripting massive armies and labor forces for invasions.
Emperors and officials were to be virtues and effective, models for their subjects. However, even when practicing an enlightened confusion form of government, a virtues example for the people, the ancient Chinese dynasties were bureaucratic and very strict. Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) Zhu Yuanzhang, Emperor Taizu, founded the Ming Dynasty, last of the imperial households from Han tribes in 1368. The capital was first in Jiankang (today's Nanjing), and later another emperor Chengzu moved the seat to Beijing, his own power base, in 1421. Task (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 1368 Ming
Dynasty The Ming Dynasty female upper clothes were three collars with narrow sleeves. The body height was over three feet, revealing the skirt only two to three inches, the so-called “Flower hat, skirt clothes with big sleeves and round collars”. The skirt installs often used light coloured fabrics in early Ming Dynasty. At Chong Zhen time, white skirts were very popular. The skirt hem had one to two inch embroidered edges. The early Ming Dynasty’s skirts were all 6 inches wide. At the end of Ming Dynasty, it changed to 8 to 10 inches. Pleated skirts were extremely popular. The size of the pleats ranged from small and close to big and wide. Skirts were also highly decorated. One particular design was called the “striped garland skirt” or “phoenix tail skirt.” Each strip was made from a different piece of coloured satin, and each piece was embroidered with a flower-and-bird design in gold thread. One of these strips could be used as a sash. If several of these decorated strips or “garlands” were joined together at the waistband, in the form of a skirt, they fluttered and danced in the breeze—hence the name “phoenix tail skirt.” Other popular pleated skirts were made from a whole piece of silk and hand sewn into close pleats. One kind of skirt had twenty-four pleats and was named “the jade skirt.” The Ming dynasty also had one special kind of cape. Because of its beautiful shape, it was called “pink cloud cape.” Males typically wore a robe having a square towel and circle collar . This garment characteristically had wide sleeves, black edges, a round blue collar, and a black ribbon soft turban hanging belt. Labourers were the only ones who wore cloth pants, which were black. They also wore long black cloth handkerchiefs and coats with wide hems. The official's costumes were cloud satin round collar gowns. There were also cloud satin coat dress style. This style of robe hung one inch above the ground. Sleeves were also long enough to cover the hands, and the sleeves themselves were each one foot wide. Bright red shoes were the typical fashion. The ming dynasty was originally located in
Nanjing but the third emporer moved it to Beijing.
One of the greatest accomplishments of the
Ming Dynasty was a reorganization of the Chinese
military, which resulted in a rise in social status for
members of the military. Soldiers had traditionally
been regarded as marginal members of society, but
the Ming Dynasty, the military expanded radically
and became much more organized, turning China into
a heavily fortified nation. After the Mongols were thrown out of China, and the Chinese emperors took over again in the Ming Dynasty, sculpture stopped changing in style - Ming dynasty sculptors just repeated what had been done in the past.
On the other hand, Ming Dynasty paintings of birds and flowers and people are among the best detail paintings. And Ming Dynasty pottery is famous for its excellence. In this period, also, Chinese lacquer became much more creative and beautiful. Emperor Peasants Merchants Soldiers and Servents Task Year 1640 1393 1403 1500 1600 160 mil. 80 mil. 40 mil. 120 mil. 60 mil. 20 mil. = Ming
Dynasty No. People 100 mil. 140 mil. 2002 March (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 1368 Ming Dynasty
established Shaanxi Earthquake.
850,000 casualties Hongwu
Emperor ruled Yongle Emperor
ruled Ming Dynasty
are built. Second Manchu
invasion of Korea Manchus have
of Inner Mongolia. 1368 1402 1420 1566 1632 1637 Temple of the
Six Banyan Trees
is rebuilt. 1373 Bibliography
Ancient worlds socials 7 text book