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Safavid vs. Mughal Empire

AP World History

Nick Pelletier

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of Safavid vs. Mughal Empire

Mughal Gunpowder Empires:
Safavid vs. Mughal by Sofonias Yelma, Robert Lin, Nick Pelletier, Ronak Pipaliya, & Danny Zhang Safavid Mughal Established by sixteen-year old Shah Ismail in 1501 after his invasion of Tabriz
Deeply rooted in Twelver Shiism
Based on overland trade routes
Dominated by warrior aristocracies Political Mughal Safavid Economic Safavid Mughal Social Safavid Mughal Safavid Mughal Cultural Patriarchal
Akbar attempted to stop sati.
Favorite wives of rulers are revered and given power in government.
Ex: Mumtaz Mahal, Nur Jahan Patriarchal
Women could choose not to wore veil before Shah Abbas died.
Women of the elite class could wield political power
Ex: Mahd-e Olya Comparative
Statement Imposed Twelver Shiism
Later began to accept other religions.
The decline of tolerance came with strict Shiite rule.
School of philosophy fused rationalist and intuitive methods
Smaller palaces emphasizing nature Akbar displayed religious tolerance toward his subjects
Aurangzeb later forced his people to be muslims.
Taj Mahal blended white marble of Indian architecture with Muslim arches and domes
Built large, elaborate palaces Possessed no navy and traded overland by caravan
Traded actively with EEIC, FEIC, and VOC
Isfahan served as commercial center
Traded brocades, carpets, and leather goods Initially declined the use of gunpowder
Later rulers relied on Persian bureaucracy and administration
Shah Abbas the Great- Isfahan
Decline- Shiites pressured the shah, stagnation Babur invaded India with the help of gunpowder
Akbar began a centralized rule with the death of Adham Khan
Decline- Increasing religious tension, stagnation Payed little attention to foreign trade, but receives most of the empire's income from it
Active trading zones set up for the Dutch, English, Portuguese, and French
Indians also formed their own trading companies
Traded mainly spices Babur founded the Mughal (Mongol) dynasty in India in 1526 after he conquered Delhi
Akbar created a centralized absolutist government, tolerance between Muslims and Hindus, and a syncretic religion (divine faith) which emphasized loyalty to the emperor.
Was based mainly on sea trade in the India Ocean. Comparative
Statement Although the Safavid despised gunpowder, the empire under Shah Abbas used the gunpowder. Both empires became powerful under its capable leaders, Akbar and Shah Abbas. However, they ultimately declined through religious tensions as well as military stagnation. Write down the answer choice that you would do as a response to the following situations to see whether you are Mughal or Safavid QUESTION 1 You walk into Coach Hayes classroom, and he wasn’t there. So your classmates decide to trash his room and take everything. What do you do?

A. Trash the room, take everything, and leave.
B. Don’t trash the room, and take over the room with you being as the teacher. QUESTION 2 Coach Hayes comes back, and saw you (taken over his room or trashed his room). You told him that you don’t like him because he keeps harassing you, so you decide to throw him off the 2nd floor of the 600 Building. You already threw him off once. What do you do next?

A. Throw him out the window again.
B. Hide him under Coach Tavani’s desk. Babur, instead of leaving after the invasion of India, decided to use India’s wealth to create an empire of his own. If you choose B, you get one point for Mughal Akbar threw Adham Khan out the window because he had a quarrel with him. After he did it once, he did it again to make sure he was dead. If you choose A, you get one point for QUESTION 3 After you got rid of Coach Hayes, you try to enforce your religion on the students in the class. Some students refuse to convert. What do you do?

A. Force them to convert, and if they don’t, give them a zero as their grade.
B. Let them practice their own religion freely. Mughal QUESTION 4 Mr. Smith, the principal, finds out about your felony and decides to declare war against you. You have a small army, and they need confidence. What do you tell them?

A. “I will protect you from Mr. Smith and the rest of the school. As long as I’m here as your leader, you cannot be hurt.”
B. “Crap! Everyone run or else we’ll all get expelled and get hit by our parents!” Ismail, when he came to power, forces the Sunnis to convert to Twelver Shiism if they resist. If you choose A, you get one point for Safavid Are You a Ruler or a Ruler? The only game show where you can show your true feelings to a teacher and not get offended. The qizilbash believed that Ismail will make them invincible in battle. As a result, they became loyal to the Safavids. If you choose A, you get one point for Safavid BONUS QUESTION In order to avenge his dear friend’s death, Coach Tavani decides to declare war on your class. He gives you that option to answer the declaration of war. Do you declare war?

A. No.
B. Yes. If you choose A, you get one point for

If you choose B, you get one point for

The Safavids go to war with their neighboring Ottomans in the Battle of Chaldiran. However, the Mughals do not. Rather they push into Southern India. Mughal Safavid Comparative
Statement Economically, while the Mughals did not emphasize foreign trade because of the vast amounts of wealth they were generating from inside the empire itself and their little interest in maritime affairs, the Safavid focused on overland trading. Despite their differences, both empires still maintained a connection with the Europeans in trade through their commercial cities, where the Mughals were most respected for their spice trade, while the Safavids were respected for their trade in carpets and leather goods. Mughal Safavid Comparative
Statement Social Hierarchy 1.King
4.Peasants *Later on, Shiites(Safavid)
and Muslims(Mughal) became higher classed than their religious counterparts. While both the Mughal and Safavid Empires were originally patriarchal and were continuing to have lesser and lesser restrictions on women as time progressed, they were different in that while the women’s freedom decreased after Shah Abbas’ death, the women of Mughal Empire had their freedom unrestricted until the end of the Mughal Empire. While the Safavids and Mughals both established largely Islamic empires whilst displaying religious tolerance and constructing elaborate cosmopolitan cities, such as Isfahan and Fatehpur Sikri, the Mughals, whose best interests were to promote peace between the Muslims and Hindus, were more syncretic in their approach, as shown through the incorporation of Indian elements such as verandas stabilized by columns and stone elephants into their architecture. Thanks for playing!
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