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Gene Manipulaion

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by

Josua Lakatos

on 16 November 2015

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Transcript of Gene Manipulaion

Three-parent
Somatic
Gene Manipulation/Plants
Gene Manipulation/Animals
Basics/Genes
Gene Manipulation/Humans
Gene Manipulation
Basics/DNA
Basics/Chromosomes
Dna (deoxyribonuclec acid): hereditary material
20000-25000 genes in each cell
Genes >> instructions for building up proteins
unfolded genome: 180 cm
30000x thinner than hair
genes are made up of dna
Also chromosomes are made up of dna
every cell has 46, 23 from mother, 23 from father
the last pair determines the gender
Most commonly used methods:
Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Gene gun
4 groups:
insecticide resistant
pest resistant
virus resistant
"bioreactors"
Using of GMOs
in 70 countries grown/eaten
(2013 data)
In USA >> more than 90 % of all soybean, cotton and corn is genetically modified
In Europe only an insect resistant corn type is grown
Productivity
productivity
food quality
disease resistance
???
Germline
CRISPR
Moral questions
Where is the "moral border" of using gene manipulation?
Can we reach immortality? What would happen if yes?
Is cloning ethical?
Thank you for your attention!
Made by Josua Lakatos
85%
41%
49%
99.9%
Where should we stop???
Full transcript