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Hamlet

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andrea pierce

on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of Hamlet

Hamlet’s inability to carry out the murder of his uncle creates an image of weakness.
However, hamlet’s weakness proves the duality of nature exists in everyone. He tries to murder his uncle, but still feels that it is morally wrong and he could be tempted by the devil. Human Duality As the play progresses Hamlet's "mirror reflection" (Version of himself he puts on for external influences) becomes darker-rather he pretends to be insane to hide his true purpose of intending to kill Claudius. Insanity is the only mask that would adequately hide his prodding Claudius regarding his guilt in his brother's death. Hamlet Begins the play acting out a false version of himself for the benefit of his mother and CLaudius. This original mask, so to speak, is to hide his frustrations with the whole situation, but as the play progresses it becomes something much different... "KING CLAUDIUS: Why, 'tis a loving and a fair reply:
Be as ourself in Denmark. Madam, come;
This gentle and unforced accord of Hamlet
Sits smiling to my heart: in grace whereof,
No jocund health that Denmark drinks to-day,
But the great cannon to the clouds shall tell,
And the king's rouse the heavens all bruit again,
Re-speaking earthly thunder. Come away.

Exeunt all but HAMLET

HAMLET: O, that this too too solid flesh would melt
Thaw and resolve itself into a dew! ..." ~Act 1 Scene 2 "HAMLET:What, frighted with false fire!

QUEEN GERTRUDE: How fares my lord?

LORD POLONIUS:Give o'er the play.

KING CLAUDIUS: Give me some light: away!"
~Act 3 Scene 2 HAMLET
On him, on him! Look you, how pale he glares!
His form and cause conjoin'd, preaching to stones,
Would make them capable. Do not look upon me;
Lest with this piteous action you convert
My stern effects: then what I have to do
Will want true colour; tears perchance for blood.

QUEEN GERTRUDE
To whom do you speak this?

HAMLET
Do you see nothing there?

QUEEN GERTRUDE
Nothing at all; yet all that is I see.

HAMLET
Nor did you nothing hear?

QUEEN GERTRUDE
No, nothing but ourselves.
Act 3 Scene 4 However, as the play progresses the mirror reflection, or the fake Hamlet he has been putting on to hide his true purposes
Morphs to become his true nature. Hamlet gradually becomes the insane mask he has been wearing for so long. “Here, as before, never, so help you mercy, how strange or odd soe’er I bear myself- As I perchance hereafter shall think meet to put an antic disposition on- That you, at such times seeing me, never shall, With arms encumber'd thus, or this headshake, Or by pronouncing of some doubtful phrase, As 'Well, well, we know,' or 'We could, an if we would,' Or 'If we list to speak,' or 'There be, an if they might,' Or such ambiguous giving out, to note That you know aught of me: this not to do, So grace and mercy at your most need help you, Swear.” Act 1 Scene 5 Changes Seems, madam! nay it is; I know not 'seems.'
'Tis not alone my inky cloak, good mother,
Nor customary suits of solemn black,
Nor windy suspiration of forced breath,
No, nor the fruitful river in the eye,
Nor the dejected 'havior of the visage,
Together with all forms, moods, shapes of grief,
That can denote me truly: these indeed seem,
For they are actions that a man might play:
But I have that within which passeth show;
These but the trappings and the suits of woe.
~Act 1 Scene 2 Upon seeing the ghost of his father, Hamlet decides he will act insane to throw off his mother and uncle from his plot of revenge. He tells this to Horatio after his meeting with the ghost. As the play progresses, Hamlet seems to transform from a show of insanity to true insanity. His mind is conflicted by the fact that he needs to murder his uncle. Hamlet wants to be a good person, however he needs to assassinate his uncle to get justice. This conflict between being virtuous and the vice of murder allows the fake insanity to become part of Hamlet. This is shown by the hallucination of the ghost in his mother's room. Before, the ghost was visible to everyone; now only Hamlet can, as it has become a product of his insanity. My lord, as I was sewing in my closet,
Lord Hamlet, with his doublet all unbraced;
No hat upon his head; his stockings foul'd,
Ungarter'd, and down-gyved to his ancle;
Pale as his shirt; his knees knocking each other;
And with a look so piteous in purport
As if he had been loosed out of hell
To speak of horrors,--he comes before me. Conflict MIRROR
MIRROR Hamlet v. Claudius "HAMLET
I'll be with you straight go a little before.

Exeunt all except HAMLET

How all occasions do inform against me,
And spur my dull revenge! What is a man,
If his chief good and market of his time
Be but to sleep and feed? a beast, no more.
Sure, he that made us with such large discourse,
Looking before and after, gave us not
That capability and god-like reason
To fust in us unused. Now, whether it be
Bestial oblivion, or some craven scruple
Of thinking too precisely on the event,
A thought which, quarter'd, hath but one part wisdom
And ever three parts coward, I do not know
Why yet I live to say 'This thing's to do;'
Sith I have cause and will and strength and means To do't. Examples gross as earth exhort me:
Witness this army of such mass and charge
Led by a delicate and tender prince,
Whose spirit with divine ambition puff'd
Makes mouths at the invisible event,
Exposing what is mortal and unsure
To all that fortune, death and danger dare,
Even for an egg-shell. Rightly to be great
Is not to stir without great argument,
But greatly to find quarrel in a straw
When honour's at the stake. How stand I then,
That have a father kill'd, a mother stain'd,
Excitements of my reason and my blood,
And let all sleep? while, to my shame, I see
The imminent death of twenty thousand men,
That, for a fantasy and trick of fame,
Go to their graves like beds, fight for a plot
Whereon the numbers cannot try the cause,
Which is not tomb enough and continent
To hide the slain? O, from this time forth,
My thoughts be bloody, or be nothing worth!"
~Act 4 Scene 4 The conflict between Claudius and Hamlet begins long before Hamlet finds out that Claudius murdered his father. The conflict between these two characters start when Claudius marries his mother. Claudius is his uncle and Hamlet feels that this marriage has created a bad name for his family. He also feels that they got married too soon. It was handly a few months after his father died and they were married. This did not leave any time for gieving, therefore he believes that they feel no sorrow. "But you must know your father lost a father,

That father lost, lost his, and the survivor bound

In filial obligation for some term

To do obsequious sorrow. But to persever

In obstinate condolement is a course

Of impious stubbornness. 'Tis unmanly grief." Claudius "Things rank and gross in nature

Possess it merely. That it should come to this.

But two months dead—nay, not so much, not two.

So excellent a king, that was to this

Hyperion to a satyr." Hamlet Claudius feels that Hamlet is being dramatic and
needs to man up. All of this mourning is not manly.
This irritates Hamlet because nobody cares
about the death of his father; they are all ignoring what has happened. Claudius states that everyone will die eventually, and his grieving is out of hand and he needs to stop being stubborn. Hamlet is not fond of Claudius.
He feels that he is lesser of a man
than his father, yet his mother
decided to marry him within a couple
of months after his father died. Hamlet
has no respect for him. Be A Man.
Quit Crying.
Everyone dies eventually. You are not the man that
my father was.
You married my mother
without time to grieve. "Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder."(Line26) Ghost "But know, thou noble youth,

The serpent that did sting thy father’s life

Now wears his crown."(Line 38-41) "Haste me to know ’t, that I, with wings as swift

As meditation or the thoughts of love,

May sweep to my revenge."(Line 29-31) Hamlet Ghost The conflict furthered when Hamlet's father appeared in ghost form and informed Hamlet that he had been murdered. He was murdered by his brother, Claudius. Hamlet was disgusted by the news, thus he was certain that he would seek revenge on Claudius. Murdering his dad made Hamlet despise Claudius even more. Virtues and Vices A very important aspect of hamlet's duality is the representations of various good and bad qualities he exhibits. While he tries to be a good soul, he is overcome by his bad qualities. These vices create tragedy, as the constant battle in Hamlet's mind causes him to go insane and hurt all of the people around him. Virtues Loyal: Hamlet is very loyal to both his country and those he loves. He is willing to murder his uncle to avenge his father and country. Loving: Hamlet cares deeply for Ophelia. He wants nothing more than to be with her. He is devastated when he learns of her death. "I loved Ophelia: forty thousand brothers Could not, with all their quantity of love, Make up my sum. What wilt thou do for her?" - Act 5 Scene 1 "How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable, Seem to me all the uses of this world! Fie on't! ah fie! 'tis an unweeded garden, That grows to seed; things rank and gross in nature Possess it merely. That it should come to this! But two months dead: nay, not so much, not two: So excellent a king; that was, to this, Hyperion to a satyr" Act 1 Scene 2 Vices Head-strong and reckless: Hamlet will do anything to ensure that his father's death is avenged. Because of this, he puts those dear to him by the wayside. He sends Ophelia into a depression spiral rather than revealing his murder plot to her. "Get thee to a nunnery: why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself indifferent honest; but yet I could accuse me of such things that it were better my mother had not borne me: I am very proud, revengeful, ambitious, with more offences at my beck than I have thoughts to put them in, imagination to give them shape, or time to act them in. What should such fellows as I do crawling between earth and heaven? We are arrant knaves, all; believe none of us. Go thy ways to a nunnery." Act 3 Scene 1 Haste me to know't, that I, with wings as swift
As meditation or the thoughts of love,
May sweep to my revenge (1.5.29-31)

In this quote, Hamlet begs the ghost to tell him who killed him so that he can act quickly with his revenge.

So, uncle, there you are. Now to my word (1.5.110)

When it is revealed that Claudius killed King Hamlet, Hamlet appears to be quick because he is driven by disgust of his mother marrying his uncle and longs for revenge against his Father’s killer, however Hamlet’s value and character against murder causes Hamlet to pause on his revenge. Motivation and Values Why, what an ass am I! This is most brave,
That I, the son of a dear father murder'd,
Prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell,
Must, like a whore, unpack my heart with words,
And fall a-cursing, like a very drab,
A scullion!
Fie upon't! fie! About, my brain! I have heard
That guilty creatures sitting at a play
Have by the very cunning of the scene
Been struck so to the soul that presently
They have proclaim'd their malefactions; (2.2.560-570)

Hamlet admits in this soliloquy that he has acted slowly in his revenge for his father’s death. This shows his duality because if he did not have his values and character Hamlet would have acted immediately in killing Claudius. Hamlet possesses enough morality that even though he feels called to go against his values and kill Claudius, he does not kill him immediately because there is a part of him that still knows that it is wrong. Now might I do it pat, now he is praying;
And now I'll do't. And so he goes to heaven;
And so am I revenged. That would be scann'd:
A villain kills my father; and for that,
I, his sole son, do this same villain send
To heaven.
O, this is hire and salary, not revenge.
He took my father grossly, full of bread;
With all his crimes broad blown, as flush as May;
And how his audit stands who knows save heaven?
But in our circumstance and course of thought,
'Tis heavy with him: and am I then revenged, (3.3.74-85)

In this quote, Hamlet gets very close to killing Claudius, however he hesitates and then decides to wait because Hamlet thinks that since Claudius is praying that Claudius will go to heaven and Hamlet wants Claudius to go to hell. This is a very dark desire for Hamlet because he is motivated by revenge however still; his values prevent him from killing Claudius. Hamlet’s duality is seen here because one part of him believes strongly that Claudius deserves death, however the other side of him still cannot do it. His reasoning for not killing him at this moment is that he is praying and Hamlet does not Claudius to go to heaven, nevertheless, Hamlet still decides to wait until Claudius is caught in a sin. "Thus was I, sleeping, by a brother’s hand

Of life, of crown, of queen at once dispatched." Ghost Claudius is now portrayed as a
thief because he took everything
away from his brother. This
furthered the conflict between
Hamlet and Claudius because his
father was not only robbed of his
life, but was robbed of his crown
and queen. Hamlet felt that
Claudius was not a suitable husband
for his mother. In the eyes of Hamlet he is not deserving of the crown either. He is a snake in the eyes of Hamlet. "O wretched state! O bosom black as death!

O limèd soul that, struggling to be free,

Art more engaged! Help, angels. Make assay.

Bow, stubborn knees, and, heart with strings of steel,

Be soft as sinews of the newborn babe.

All may be well." (kneels) Claudius "That cannot be, since I am still possessed

Of those effects for which I did the murder:

My crown, mine own ambition, and my queen.

May one be pardoned and retain th' offense?

In the corrupted currents of this world

Offense’s gilded hand may shove by justice,

And oft ’tis seen the wicked prize itself

Buys out the law. " "Thus conscience does make cowards of us all."
-3.1.84 While Claudius is repenting Hamlet is listening in on his speech. Hamlet felt that is repentance was not sincere because Claudius still wanted to keep all of the luxuries that he gained when he killed his brother. Claudius states that in this corrupt world all of the criminals get to keep the money from their crim in order to pay off the law and escape justice. He admits that he still has a black heart and is stuck in sin and cannot break free. When he talks about these ideas how can Claudius truly be sorry if he still wants to reap the benefits from his violent actions. This makes Hamlet despise Claudius even more because he is faking an appology and asking for forgiveness to clear his name. Claudius is doing it for himself and Hamlet is irritated that he was betrayed by members of his own family. Hamlet v. Hamlet Insanity The first point of conflict against himself is when his mother decided to marry his uncle only a month after his father's death. He felt that committing suicide was a better option than living in his current life. Hamlet comes to this realization at multiple points throughout the play. He also feels the need to kill himself when he presents his "To be or not to be..."(p.64) soliloquy. Hamlet feels that the world is dark and full of deceit. This is not the kind of world that he wants to be apart of. His insanity and hate for Claudius has driven him to feel undeserving of his life. Cowardace: Hamlet is afraid to act on the ghost's word. He is indecisive and continues to give excuses for not acting. "Swounds, I should take it: for it cannot be But I am pigeon-liver'd and lack gall To make oppression bitter, or ere this I should have fatted all the region kites With this slave's offal: bloody, bawdy villain! Remorseless, treacherous, lecherous, kindless villain! O, vengeance! Why, what an ass am I! This is most brave, That I, the son of a dear father murder'd, Prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell, Must, like a whore, unpack my heart with words..." Act 2 Scene 2 Hamlet's true insanity is revealed when he is greeted by the Ghost, his father. The first time that he is visited by the Ghost it is not that intimidating or bothering because others can see the Ghost, but he is a little concerned because Ghosts are not real and he thinks that his imagination is playing a trick on him. He begins to question his state of being and if it was not just his emotions that are fooling him. In act three scene four he believes that he is truly insane because he sees the Ghost, yet his mother does not see it. He thinks that he is losing his mind, but so does everyone else. Insanity Insanity Good v. Bad Throughout the play Hamlet shows a good side and a bad side like all humans. Hamlet and Claudius never saw eye to eye, but one of the moments that the audience saw Hamlet present himself as a good human being was sparing Claudius his life. Hamlet's main objective was to seek revenge upon Claudius. Claudius was spared his life while he was repenting for the murder of his brother. Hamlet found the good inside of him and refrained from letting the evil get the best of him. The evil side of Hamlet is also showed within this same scene because although he spares Claudius his life it is only for now. Hamlet still wants revenge. Like most humans the act of good does not get rid of the evil lurking about inside of a person. Eventually Hamlet gets his revenge. Claudius is not the only man that he kills throughout the play. Hamlet also kills Polonius. He was so paranoid and wanted revenge so bad that he killed an innocent man. He killed Polonius because he thought that it was Claudius listening in on his conversation with his mother. His paranoia led him to murder Polonius and not even care. He displayed no emotion or worry that he just murdered the father of his true love. Claudius
"In his true nature, and we ourselves compelled,

Even to the teeth and forehead of our faults,

To give in evidence. What then? What rests?

Try what repentance can. What can it not?

Yet what can it when one can not repent?

O wretched state! O bosom black as death!

O limèd soul that, struggling to be free,

Art more engaged! Help, angels. Make assay.

Bow, stubborn knees, and, heart with strings of steel,

Be soft as sinews of the newborn babe.

All may be well. (kneels) " Hamlet
"Now might I do it pat. Now he is a-praying.

And now I’ll do ’t. And so he goes to heaven.

And so am I revenged.—That would be scanned.

A villain kills my father, and, for that,

I, his sole son, do this same villain send

To heaven.

No.

Up, sword, and know thou a more horrid hent.

When he is drunk asleep, or in his rage,

Or in th' incestuous pleasure of his bed,

At game a-swearing, or about some act

That has no relish of salvation in ’t—

Then trip him, that his heels may kick at heaven,

And that his soul may be as damned and black

As hell, whereto it goes." Bibliography Grey, Terry . "Timeline Summary." Mr. William Shakespeare and the Internet. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. <http://shakespeare.palomar.edu/timeline/summarychart.htm>.
Shakespeare, William, and David M. Bevington. Hamlet. Toronto: Bantam Books, 1988. Print.
"SparkNotes: Hamlet: Context." SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. <http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/hamlet/context.html>. Symbolism The only objects in Hamlet that truely are connected to Hamlet that are symbolic are his clothes which represent his emotions and state of mind, beginning dark and dreary to show his upsetment then switching to a ripped up and torn element to show insanity
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