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English: Great Expectations

My presentation on Great Epectations by Charles Dickens.
by

Zak Lyons

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of English: Great Expectations

Great Expectations Written by Charles Dickens Young Pip lives with his sister and her husband the blacksmith, with few prospects for advancement until a mysterious benefaction takes him from the Kent marshes to London. Kent Marshes London Magwitch Magwitch is an escapee from a prison ship, whom Pip treats kindly, and who turns out to be his benefactor.

Magwitch's real name is revealed to be Abel Magwitch, but he is also known as Provis and Mr Campbell in parts of the story to protect his identity.

Magwitch's name is kept hidden for most of the book, he is mostly referred to as Pip's Convict or The Convict. During these passages of the book Magwitch appears more menacing as we do not know his name.

Magwitch keeps appearing in Pip's life and comes across as dark, dangerous and desperate. Characters Pip is haunted by figures from his past - the escaped convict Magwitch, the time withered Miss Havisham, and her proud and beautiful ward, Estella - and in time uncovers not just the origins of his great expectations but the mystery of his own heart. Miss Havisham Miss Havisham is a wealthy spinster who takes Pip on as a companion and who Pip suspects is his benefactor.

Miss Havisham does not discourage this as it fits into her own spiteful plans which derive from her desire for revenge after being jilted at the altar several years before.

She later apologizes to him as she's overtaken by guilt. He accepts her apology.

She is badly burnt when her wedding dress, which she has never taken off since being jilted, catches fire when she gets close to the fireplace. Pip saves her, but she later dies from her injuries. Estella Estella is Miss Havisham's adopted daughter. Pip falls in love with Estella with encouragement from Miss Havisham.

Estella is secretly the daughter of Abel Magwitch.

Estella was given up for adoption to Miss Havisham after her mother, Molly, is tried for murder.

Estella represents the life of wealth and culture for which Pip strives.

Estella cannot love Pip and she warns Pip of this repeatedly, but he is unwilling or unable to believe her. Themes Pip leaves Kent and lives in London and becomes embarrassed by Joe when he arrives at his house.

Dickens writes at the end of the book how Pip realizes the importance of traits like loyalty and kindness, and eventually understands that no amount of money can make up for the lack of those traits.

Pip values his friendship with Joe more than ever and Dickens uses this to make the point that class and status is nothing of worth if loyalty and kindness are amiss. Loyalty Pip wishes to overcome his simple beginnings as a common black smith boy and cross social boundaries and become a Gentleman.

The only problem for Pip is that he has no means to do this.

Mysteriously he is given the means to change and he travels to London and becomes a respected man, but his wealth only brings idleness.

He learns that happiness in life can only be achieved by hard work and that great expectations must be grounded in reality and if not can only lead to tragedy and heartache. Dignity of labour Great Expectations touches on many common emotions. One emotion which is a theme thought out the book is pride. Pip's pride causes him to do things he is later ashamed of, such as wish his uncle Joe would leave him as he was not a Gentleman but a humble Blacksmith.

Pip realizes at the end... Pride It was an enjoyable book once you familiarize yourself with the language. Should You Read It? Thank You for Watching my Presentation! The Characters are interesting and the story in engaging. If you have a lot of spare time and want to read a classic, you might as well read this one. Pip is an orphan, throughout his childhood, Pip thought that his life would be to become trained as a blacksmith.

As a result of Magwitch's anonymous patronage, Pip travels to London and becomes a gentleman.

All along, Pip was under the impression that his benefactor was Miss Havisham, as opposed to Magwitch. Philip Pirrip (Pip) http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=0U8Rk-0PmS0#t=1135s ...that one should never presume he is better than another.

A person’s possessions do not matter as much as a person’s actions.

As Joe tells him, it is far better to be uncommon on the inside than the outside. Lessons Pip Learns Dickens wishes to teach the reader that status and class do not make a person but how hard they work and their character, is what is important.

He uses Pips pride and shamefulness towards Joe to illustrate how status can change you for the worse and misjudge a person based on their class. Mystery Benefactor Respected Gentleman Blacksmith Boy Idleness and Sadness Hardwork ... small Happiness When he finally reveals himself to Pip, however, he expresses love and gratitude, admiration and affection. Dickens also gives him a name: Abel Magwitch. It is as if these human emotions have changed him, making the audience see him as normal human and liking him. Magwitch is now portrayed as a remarkable man so overcome with gratitude from a small incident in the past that he devotes his life to repaying the boy who helped him.

Magwitch's actions are so kind and caring, Pip’s initial disgust becomes admiration. Pip realizes that Magwitch is a better friend to him than he has been to Joe.

Magwitch is the reason for the changes in Pip, though not as it might seem. His money has made Pip into a gentleman. But his kindness and loyalty transforms Pip into a responsible adult who regrets his own bad behavior. In short, because of Magwitch, Pip develops into a man who values integrity over wealth. Miss Havisham is one of Dickens most memorable characters, both for her bizarre appearance and her eccentric behaviors.

She adopts a girl, Estella, and raises her up with the intention of wreaking revenge on men. Ironically, Miss Havisham has succeeded so well, Estella cannot even love her.

Toward the end of her life, Miss Havisham repents of her bitterness and tries to mend the hearts she has broken.

She realizes that she is responsible for the suffering of both Estella and Pip.

I believe Dickens created Miss Havisham to show the power of love and also to convey that if you are wronged you should not take revenge as it will only hurt you further as shown in Miss Havishams story. Estella cannot love Pip as she has been raised without emotion by Miss Havisham.

Estella is the successful product of Miss Havisham’s upbringing in that she truly does what the old lady raised her to do, but she seems to struggle with it. After all, she seems to warn Pip repeatedly as if she does not want to hurt him.

It seems fair to say that beneath that heart of ice is a simple girl who is honest enough to try and explain to others her lack of feeling.

In the end, Estella is redeemed by this hidden goodness. Pip meets her one final time and they part as friends.

Estella is the daughter of a murderer and a convict. By all practical considerations of society in that time, she is a flawed creature.

But it is not her bloodline that tarnishes Estella; instead, it is her vicious and indifferent upbringing. In short, she is ruined by circumstances and not by birth. Pip becomes discontent with his life and his station in society. The visits to Miss Havisham are the catalyst for this discontent.

Estella’s disgust for everything “common” introduces young Pip to shame and embarrassment over his family and his appearance. He becomes obsessed with uncommonness and the desire to overcome his lowly position in order to impress Estella.

Wealth brings many vices and Pip starts leading a hollow and purposeless life of luxury. Under the influence of false pride and vanity that comes with being a gentleman, he rejects his background and snaps all connections with Joe and Biddy.

He believes that Miss Havisham is his patron and the reason for her generosity is that she wants Pip to marry Estella.

When he finds out Magwitch was his benefactor he becomes wiser and more mature.

At the end of the novel, he is an ordinary man who works to earn his keep. He is able to meet Estella one last time and part as friends, a final testament to the growth of his spirit.
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