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UNIT 5: SPAIN & THE EUROPEAN UNION

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Natu Soci

on 8 April 2016

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Transcript of UNIT 5: SPAIN & THE EUROPEAN UNION

UNIT 5:
SPAIN & THE EUROPEAN UNION

Spain is a country in
south-west
Europe.
It consists of:

- Most of the Iberian Peninsula.

- The Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea.

- The Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean.

- The cities of Ceuta and Melilla on the coast of North Africa

Spain has
borders
with other countries.

- Borders can be formed
naturally
by seas or mountains.
- They can also be
political
, when they are lines that separate countries.

The borders of Spain are:
SPAIN IN EUROPE
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic organization which brings together
28
European countries. They collaborate with each other to improve their economy and society.

The EU offers advantages for the countries that are part of it:

1. A country´s products can be sold in any country of the EU without paying taxes.

2. European citizenship allows inhabitants of the EU countries to study, live or work in any EU country.

3. They share the same currency, the
euro
, in many EU countries.
SPAIN, A COUNTRY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (EU)
The EU has its own institutions. The most important ones are the following:



HOW THE EUROPEAN UNION IS GOVERNED
SPAIN´S TERRITORIAL DIVISIONS
1. To the
North
: the Bay of Biscay, the Pyrenees, France and Andorra.

2. To the
West
: the Atlantic Ocean & Portugal.

3. To the
East
: the Mediterranean Sea.

4. To the
South
: the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean and Morocco.



1. The European Parliament

It represents the citizens of the EU.

It is composed of the Members of the European Parliament (MEPs), who pass laws.

It has three places of work –
Brussels
(Belgium), the city of
Luxembourg
(Luxembourg) and
Strasbourg
(France).


2. The European Comission
It is formed by the commissioners.

The current commission President is
Jean-Claude Juncker
.

They govern the EU and decide how to spend the money.
3. The Council of the European Union
It is composed of the ministers of the EU countries.

It is in the
Justus Lipsius
building in Brussels, Belgium.

They approve laws.
4. The Court of Justice
It consists of one
judge
from each EU country.

The court has been led by president
Koen Lenaerts
since 2015.

It makes sure EU laws are respected.
1. AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITIES
They are the largest administrative division in Spain.

There are 17 autonomous communities:

- 15 are on the Iberian Peninsula.

- 2 are the archipelagos of the Balearic Islands & the Canary Islands.

- And 2 more cities on the coast of North Africa: Ceuta & Melilla.

Each autonomous community has its own history, language, traditions...

Each community has a
capital
and a
statute of autonomy
, which includes its main institutions:

- The
parliament
makes the laws of the community.
- The
President
represents the community.
- The
government
directs the politics of the community.

2. PROVINCES
Each autonomous community is divided into one or more provinces.

A province consists of several municipalities.
Each province has a capital.
In Spain, there are 50 provinces.
They have a provincial council, which is responsible for managing the territory.
3. MUNICIPALITIES
They are the smallest administrative division in Spain.

They consist of one or more cities, towns or villages, governed by a
local council.

- The head of the local council is the
mayor
.
- The mayor and the
councillors
work in the city hall/town hall.
- The local council organizes
municipal services
: health care, police and fire services...
Juan María Aburto
- Mayor of Bilbao
ORGANIZATION OF THE STATE
Unai Rementeria
Spain is a
democracy
because all citizens are equal and have the same rights.

- These rights are written in the
Spanish Constitution
.
- The present Constitution was written and approved in
1978.

People can freely elect their rulers in elections.

The Constitution lists:

1. The
rights
and
duties
of citizens; the right to freely express ideas and the duty to follow the laws.

2. The
institutions of the State
. The major Spanish institutions are:

- The Head of State
- The Parliament
- The Government
- The courts
SPANISH INSTITUTIONS
Juan Carlos I de Borbón & Sofia de Grecia

(King & Queen of Spain until June 2014)

MONARCHY


The Head of State is the King.
The title of King is inherited from parent to child.
Felipe VI became King of Spain in June 2014.
The King does NOT rule, the main function of the monarch is to
represent
Spain.
Felipe VI & Letizia Ortiz

THE PARLIAMENT
THE GOVERNMENT
THE COURTS OF JUSTICE
THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT
It´s a special court called Constitutional Court.

It is formed by specialists in the law: judges, lawyers...

People at the Constitutional Court:

- Review new laws.

- Make sure the courts and regional parliaments follow the laws of the Spanish

Constitution.
CLICK & LEARN!
1. Did you know?

http://europa.eu/kids-corner/countries/flash/index_en.htm

http://europa.eu/about-eu/countries/member-countries/index_en.htm

2. Game

http://online.seterra.net/en/vgp/3007

Full transcript