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Effects of Colonization on the New World
Transcript of Effects of Colonization on the New World
England's colonization of the new world had drastic effects on the native peoples, the environment, and also the colonists themselves.
Because of the Europeans coming to the Americas, most of the Native American population was eradicated. The main factor of this was the new diseases the Europeans brought over that the indigenous people were very susceptible to. Another contributing factor to the decline of the native population was the violence the English had towards the natives.
Some of the other impacts the colonists had on the Natives was establishing long term hostility between the two groups of people, the introduction of Christianity to the native population, and the expulsion of the natives from their land.
The effects of colonization on the environment include deforestation and depletion of the nutrients in the soil and the introduction of foreign plant and animal species. Because of the vast plantations they used to gain profit, colonists cleared large areas of forests. Lots of the native plant species were also reduced because of over-grazing from the livestock they brought over.
The effects of colonization on the colonists themselves were perhaps the most important as far as shaping our culture to what it is today.
Because most of the colonists left England for reasons such as religious freedom or wanting to profit, they didn't all feel a strong sense of nationality because they weren't free to worship how they wanted or weren't given the opportunity to prosper economically. Being separated by thousands of miles only further detached their ties with England.
This emotional disconnect the colonies had towards their mother country later led to feelings of anger and intolerance being stirred up among the colonists. Being so widely separated for such a long period of time made it impossible for the colonies to have any sort of unity with the British.
In conclusion, Colonization had mostly a negative effect of both the indigenous people and the environment, however, our country would not be at all what it is today without it.