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China Culture Group

Chinese Comprehensive Culture Prezi for COM436. Group mates: Kathy Haas, Holly Sargent, Jen Seifert
by

Gabe Campbell

on 24 June 2010

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Transcript of China Culture Group

People's Republic of China (PRC) Important Cities Standard Mandarin is officially known:
in mainland China, Hong Kong [1] and Macau as Putonghua (pinyin: Ptōnghuà; literally "common speech").
in Taiwan as Guoyu, and unofficially in Hong Kong as Gwok Yu (Mandarin Pinyin: Guóy; Jyutping: gwok jyu; literally "national language").
in Malaysia and Singapore as Huayu (pinyin: Huáy; literally "Chinese (in a cultural sense) language"). Standard Mandarin serves the purpose of a lingua franca — a way for speakers of the several mutually unintelligible Han Chinese languages, as well as the Han and Chinese minorities, to communicate with each other. Standard Mandarin and Simplified Chinese Related Links http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prc


Age structure:

0-14 years: 19.8% (male 140,877,745/female 124,290,090)
15-64 years: 72.1% (male 495,724,889/female 469,182,087)
65 years and over: 8.1% (male 51,774,115/female 56,764,042) (2009 est.) Religions:
Over 100 million religious followers of various faiths (about 8%)
Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%
note: officially atheist (2002 est.) GDP (purchasing power parity):
$8.767 trillion (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
$8.088 trillion (2008 est.)
$7.42 trillion (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$4.758 trillion (2009 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
8.4% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
9% (2008 est.)
13% (2007 est.) Industries:

mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites Current account balance:

$296.2 billion (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 1
$426.1 billion (2008 est.) Internet users:

298 million (2008)
country comparison to the world: 1 http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html http://www.cipahk.com/CompetentOffices.htm
http://chineseculture.about.com/ Related Videos Food Dance Dragon Dance Lion Dance Thousand Hands of Buddha Butterfly Lovers Chinese New Year/Spring Festival
The first day of the first lunar month is regarded as the New Year of the Chinese – the Spring Festival. Chinese New Year, Lunar New Year, or Spring Festival is the most important and ceremonious traditional festival in China, just as Christmas Day to the westerners. During the Spring Festival, every family is busy cleaning house in the hope of getting rid of defilements and preventing diseases. Also, they need to paste door-god, spring festival couplets, and the reversed Chinese character "" (means blessing), and hang flags in the hope of praying for auspiciousness in the New Year. On the New Year's Eve, every family enjoys a grand dinner, shoots off firecrackers, plays dragon dance and lion dance, and stays up late or all night. People will pay a New Year call to one another from the first day, and it is not until the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, namely, the Lantern Festival, that the Spring Festival is ended.

Lantern Festival, also called Shangyuan Festival, is celebrated on January 15 of Chinese lunar calendar. It is the first full moon night in the Chinese lunar year, symbolizing the coming back of the spring
Other Holidays Include
•Qingming Festival
•Dragon Boat Festival
•Double Seventh Festival
•Mid-Autumn
The Chinese Calendar
The Chinese calendar differs significantly from the Western calendar.
The primary difference is that the months of the Chinese calendar are directly tied to the phases of the moon. These phases, however, do not fit in with the length of the year as measured by the Earth’s revolution around the sun.

The Western calendar is fixed in the sense that each New Year begins on solar/Western calendar date January first. Because the Chinese New Year must correlate with a moon phase, it falls as early as January 22nd and as late as February 19th on the Western calendar.

2010 is the Year of the Tiger and began on February 12th
Confucianism: Some contemporary philosophers and psychiatrists have found cures for western ills in Chinese mysticism, Confucian ethics and Taoist non-government. Confucius' Great Works:
The Twelve Classics
The Book of Changes
The Book of Songs
The Book of History
Account of the Tites of the Zhou Dynasty
The Book of Ceremony
The Book of Rites
Gongyang's Commentary on Spring and Autumn Annals
Guliang's Commentary on Spring and Autumn Annals
Zuo Qiuming's Commentary on Spring and Autumn Annals
The Analects of Confucius
The Erya
The Canon of Filial Piety
The Four Books
The Great Learning
The Doctrine of the Mean
The Analects of Confucius
Mencius
The Five Classics
The Book of Songs
The Book of History
The Book of Rites
The Book of Changes
The Book of the Spring and Autumn Annals
Taoism:
Taoism is a philosophy or way of life believed to have been started by a man named Lao Tsu (or Lao Tzu) who lived a little before Confucius, about 600 BC. Tao means the "way" or the "path". According to the traditional story, Lao Tsu worked as a librarian in the emperor's library (this was in the Eastern Chou dynasty).

Lao Tsu believed that the way to happiness was for people to learn to "go with the flow." Instead of trying to get things done the hard way, people should take the time to figure out the natural, or easy way to do things, and then everything would get done more simply. This idea is called "wu-wei", which means "doing by not doing".

Lao Tsu also thought that everything alive in the universe (plants, animals, people) shared in a universal life-force. There were two sides to the life-force, which are called the yin and the yang. This picture is often used to show how the yin and the yang are intertwined with each other.
Ancient Chinese Art Most well-known museums in China:
National Palace Museum – Taiwan
National History Museum – Taiwan
Shanghai Museum
Firecrackers and Fireworks
Fireworks have a long history in China. As early as the Sui Dynasty (581-618), the New Year was celebrated to the crackling noise of exploding firecrackers. The first firecrackers were made from sections of hollow bamboo, used to hold the gunpowder. They were called bamboo firecrackers. The bamboo was later replaced by paper tubes.
Inventing Paper


Since the invention of writing, people had been trying to come up with something easier to write on than papyrus or parchment, and also something easier and cheaper to make. But it took 3000 years to come up with paper! Paper seems to have been invented around 100 BC in China. In 105 AD, under the Han Dynasty emperor Ho-Ti, a government official in China named Ts'ai Lun was the first to start a paper-making industry. Ts'ai Lun seems to have made his paper by mixing finely chopped mulberry bark and hemp rags with water, mashing it flat, and then pressing out the water and letting it dry in the sun. He may have based his idea on bark cloth, which was very common in China and also made from mulberry bark. Ts'ai Lun's paper was a big success, and began to be used all over China.
Terracotta Army Great Wall of China More Videos Chinese Technology Alchemy - Gunpowder - Fireworks - Rockets
Astronomy (Equatorial system) - Supernovae
Restaurants - "Cosmic Engine" (mechanical water clock)
Paper (bamboo) - printing (movable type) - paper money
cast iron - blast furnace - steel
crossbow - repeating crossbow
nautical technology (sails, rudders, water-tight compartments)
magnetic compass
anatomy (circulation)
earthquake prediction



Chinese Art Breakfast Choices

There's an incredible variety of sweet or savory items available. But basic choices are:
"bing" (pancake)
"tang" (soup)
"gao" (doughnut)
"bao" (bun)
"zhou" (porridge)
"mian" (noodles)
Breakfast Vendors

There are 3 types of street vendors of breakfast foods. Those who cook and sell from:
makeshift "stove" on a 3-wheeled bike;
an enclosed portable stand on wheels;
a tiny shop with a walk-up window.
Ovens are not used in Chinese cooking. But on the street, breakfast "biscuits" are baked in a tandori-type clay kiln or in steel drums.
A Word About Tea

Tea, a ubiquitous part of the day for most Chinese, is not usually drunk at breakfast. A variety of soups provide liquid for the typical Chinese breakfast, and milk has now become very popular, particularly among younger people.
A Note About Oil

Many Chinese breakfast foods are deep-fried. It takes a good constitution and "slimming" genes working in your favor to eat this type of food without a tinge of guilt.
Tingkat
This is a tiered chinese lunchbox that can pack several food items including soups. Each container can have 3 to 4 stackable trays which can be stacked on top of one another. Each tray can be used as a serving bowl when it is time to eat. The top cover has a handle and a pair of clips to hold the trays tightly together.

The tingkat is great for packing different dishes and even some soupy ones. But it does not provide sufficient insulation.
Vacuum pot
Most tingkats are made of stainless steel or enamel.
This mean that the packed food will lose its heat fairly quickly although they can be heated up directly over heat.

A modern variation was developed when the thermal pot was invented. This is commonly known as a vacuum pot in Singapore. It is also known as the insulated lunch box. This is essentially a vacuum pot which can fit 2 to 3 trays inside. When the cover is screwed on, it keeps the food in the trays hot. I used to pack soups in one tray and white rice in the other tray.
There are of course insulated lunch boxes that are much better designed. One of them is the Zojirushi Classic Stainless Lunch Jar.
Zojirushi is a very trusted brand in Singapore. They manufacture some of the best kitchen appliances and accessories. Their designs and colours are timeless.

Vacuum flasks
Sometimes the insulated lunch box is too big because I only wanted to pack the soup. So, it has its limitations.
Vacuum flasks come in various sizes. 0.5 liter, 0.75 liter, 1 liter and so on. They are just nice to pack a big bowl of soup. Chunkier ingredients can be cut into smaller pieces to fit into the flasks.
Selecting a good quality vacuum flask is important. Nothing irks more than leaky flasks and lukewarm soups. A good flask should be able to keep your soup hot for at least 5 hours. The ones from Japan such as Tiger and zojirushi are really good. They are esthetically pleasing and functional. Many come with nice carrier bags. But they are quite expensive.
A close second is Thermos. A friend swears by their Thermos Steel Bottle. She said they are sturdy and can keep her drinks hot for up to 7-8 hours.
Chinese deesert :Tangyuan
Filed under: dessert,restaurant — passionstay @ 4:31 am

We Chinese eat this kind of dessert all the year round ,while during the Winter solstice, Chinese New Year, and the Lantern Festival.
Every family will eat the sweet food means a good luck or good begin or the whole family stay together peaceful.
During this Spring Festival(Chinese New Year),I spent a wonderful time with my family.This new year is quite special,I ‘m sure.I started my first year of university in Macao University of Science and Technology.And this is the first time I leave my parents and my hometown for nearly half a year.I was missing every thing so much .Of course ,I miss the nice sweet food all the way till I was back home.Why?Since once mention Ningbo(A port city in the Zhejiang province )probably the first food appear in you mind is Ninbo Tangyuan.So ,obviouly I am from the city of Ningbo.Oh,it’s such an amazing city which near the sea and I will talk about it and it’s special food in the coming days=)
By the way,although we Chinese eat Tangyuan nearly everywhere of China ,but this food from Ningbo is the most famous .Frankly,I don’t know why ,but it seems that we all consider the origin is Ningbo.And the most famous place to eat Tangyuan is an old restaurant which exists more than 100 years–Gangyagou,near Chenghuang temple .You will never miss it!
Snacks:

Melon seeds - These are primarily, for Chinese people - in the same way as sunflower seeds are for Russians. There is a certain skill in nibbling the shells and extracting the kernels elegantly. A good accompaniment with Chinese tea.

Dried Olives and plums - These are salty sweet and have a very particular function. Their main purpose is to induce saliva, and in this, they are wonderful! Just pop one of these into you mouth and at one the saliva flows and all discomfort of a dry mouth disappears! You can buy these olives and plums at Chinese and oriental stores.

Lychees - Occasionally lychees can be bought fresh. Usually they are sold in canned form in the West. The fresh lychees have a thin but tough 'shell'. When this is removed, there is a white fruit with a black stone, but the canned ones are already stoned. Canned lychees come in a thin syrup. Their delicious flavor is difficult to describe.
Authentic Desert Dishes
Almond Cookies
Almond Float
Asian Style Snap - Orange Almond Biscuit
Bird's Nest with Rock Sugar Soup
Bow Ties
Candied Banana Fritters
Chinese Steamed Sponge Cake
Chinese Sponge Cake with Coconut Icing
Coconut Ice Cream
Dofu fa
Durian Ice Cream
Eight Precious Pudding
Five Spice Peanuts
Fresh Ginger Ice Cream
Green Tea Cakes (Japan)
Hot Bananas in Coconut Milk (Indonesian)
Mango Ice Cream
Mango Pudding
Mooncakes
Nian Gao (Chinese New Year Cake)
Peking Dust
Raspberry Almond Float
Red Bean Paste
Red Bean Soup
Sago Cakes
Sesame Seed Balls
Sesame Seed Fried Custard
Steamed Chinese Fruitcake (Sticky Cake)
Sweet Almond Sauce
Thick & Creamy Pineapple Tofu Shake
Walnut Cookies
same Seed Balls
Sesame Seed Fried Custard
Steamed Chinese Fruitcake (Sticky Cake)
Sweet Almond Sauce
Thick & Creamy Pineapple Tofu Shake
Walnut Cookies

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