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Pros and Cons of Automation

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by

Mackenzie Priamo

on 19 March 2013

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Transcript of Pros and Cons of Automation

The Pros and Cons of Automation Automation is used everyday around the world. It has become so common that sometimes we forget we're
even using it. Automation is the use of mechanical and electronic equipment to lower the need for human work. But automation isn't as perfect as it may seem. Pros and Cons ENVIRONMENTAL Pros modern heating and cooling systems can automatically reduce the heating/cooling in your home when you are gone during the day.
robots used in mining produce less waste.
robots and other technology are used to clean up oil spills and are used during forest firefighting.
in the production of goods, you can get the exact amount of materials needed so that nothing goes to waste.
energy recovery systems in sink drains can capture around 85% of thermal energy that is lost from unused hot water. Cons there is an increased demand for energy and fuel to run the machines, which consumes additional resources and adds to pollution.
in the agriculture industry, automation has led to the increased use of chemical fertilizers such as herbicides and pesticides.
food delivery systems and waste removal systems results in groundwater contamination by animal waste.
in surface mining operations the environmental effects are long-lasting and devastating.
paved roads destroy animal habitats and wildlife. Cons paved roads destroy animal habitats and wildlife. * not finished * SOCIAL Pros robots can take the place of human assembly lines.
unpleasant tasks like dish washing can be performed by machines.
better communication when calling long distance.
the benefit of satellites in our homes
robots aiding doctors results in more accurate surgeries.
automatic navigation, instrumental landing, and automatic pilots have helped in the travel industry by making humans work easier.
people with disabilities can move around on their own using wheelchairs. Cons unemployment
there is rarely any modern life that hasn't been affected by it and we need to be careful that we don't become too dependent on automation.
the relationship between humans and machines has greatly changed and some humans have lost the ability to do basic tasks because we rely on the autmation so much. ECONOMIC Pros more goods can be produced in less time without wasting materials.
complete tasks that would otherwise be impossible.
certain machines help us to be more efficient which saves money that our taxes would have to go to for producing more energy. Cons unemployment from machines taking over humans work lowers the economy because less people have a source of income.
Since automation has both pros and
cons, what makes a company want
to automate? Increased Productivity Increased Productivity Reduce human error and in turn improve the quality. They can have a hazardous work environment
without endangering any humans workers. Human labour is expensive. Also, it is often connected with economic
and social considerations. Our Opinion... If we continue to use automation we may become too dependent on it. The continuous use of energy will eventually deplete the natural resources of the earth. On the other hand, automation in your home saves time and in some cases money. In a factory, automation helps by increasing safety for the workers. Automation saves time, money and resources but it can also negatively affect the environment. Overall, automation will help towards benefiting the future of society; we just need to be careful that we don't harm the environment. Minimizing Costs and Maximizing Benefits Option 1) Using clean power (eg. solar power, wind power) to power factories that use a lot of energy. This will be an expense at first, but after several years you can harvest the energy from the sources without paying extreme amounts of money to electrical companies. This option also benefits the environment because you are not using up natural resources. Option 2) Use higher quality machinery to produce long lasting products. The products will last longer than products made with cheaper equipment and materials, which will not harm the environment and bring in a higher respect for the company (which means more customers). Option 3) Option 3) Recycling, either materials or energy. When burning coal or natural gas to power the machines, you could capture lost energy or the heat/steam and use that to power different machines. With materials, take the unused materials or scraps and try to use them for something else. This will minimize costs because you don't have to buy as many materials or pay for as much energy, and will maximize benefits because the company can use the extra money that they did not have to spend on materials/energy and put it towards production. Option 4) Similar to the last option, you could gather up all of the scrap materials that you have no use for. With those materials, you could sell them to other companies who have a use for them. For example, a car company could sell scrap metal to an electronics company to be recycled and used for their goods. This would gain the company more money from the profits of selling the scrap materials AND it would benefit the environment by recycling. Option 5) Keep human workers working in the jobs that
are safer because human made goods are higher quality than machine made goods. Humans can pay more attention to specific details which will result in better goods and higher customer satisfaction. It's amazingly convenient. Everyday tasks can be done faster, better, and with less effort. Automation seems like the best thing that ever happened to us! Option 6) When companies that manufacture food have extra food that they will not be using left over, they can donate it to charities that bring food to those in hunger and poverty. Or, if they were a clothing company and they had clothes that were not perfect by their standards, they could also donate those to charities because someone without many clothes would not care if it had an uneven seam. This would help people in need but it would also benefit the company because people would know they were a respectable company that cares about the world and more customers would want to buy from them. by brynn and mackenzie
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