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Japan as a Biodiversity Hotspot
Transcript of Japan as a Biodiversity Hotspot
Japan is an archipelago made up of 6,852 islands located in the northern hemisphere, in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of the Asian continent.
Reasons for Decrease in Biodiversity
Deforestation (which destroys the natural habitats of animals)
The over hunting of animals for various reasons. ( ie the killing of Asian Black Bears for their gallbladders.)
What Biome is Japan located in?
Japan is located in a forest biome which includes boreal forests, temperate deciduous forest, and temperate evergreen forest. The climate in Japan varies from tropical in the South to temperate in the North.
Endemic Plant and Animal Species
Endemic Animal Species include the Ussuri Brown Bear (black grizzly) , Asian Black Bear, Japanese marten, and sika deer. Endemic Plant species include the Japanese beech, Japanese black pine, and Japanese red cedar.
This is one of the native plants to Japan.
Japanese Black Pine
The Asian Black Bear is endangered because of destruction of its habitat due to deforestation
Over hunting of the Black Bears for medicinal purposes in also a reason for them being endangered.
Reasons for being endangered include
Deforestation (their habitat is being destroyed)
An increased number of crows are invading their nests.
Until recently there has been a limited amount of legislative framework concerning conservation of plants and animals.
Law for the Conservation of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora was enacted in 1992 for the protection of endangered plant and animal species in Japan and it is the first domestic law for the protection of endangered plant and animal species.
Asian Black Bear