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Issues In Multicultural Education

Chapter 2: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives

Rachel Brazell

on 5 September 2012

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Transcript of Issues In Multicultural Education

Legislative and
Judicial Landmarks Presented by :
The Deuces Historical Perspectives
on Pluralism
in the United States Private Schools What is Cultural pluralism? A system of social and political organization that stresses and promotes mutual understanding and respect among disparate ethnic, religious and racial groups existing in a society. The Little Rock Nine How has pluralism changed education? Common Schools History of Education
Resulting from
Religious Pluralism Freedmen's Schools Plessy V. Ferguson Established in the early 19th Century
for the purpose of providing basic
public education and creating
common citizenship. In the 1830's Catholic immigrants who sought alternative religious education options established private education institutions. Prior to the Civil War the educating
of black slaves was illegal. Following the
war the Freedmen's Bureau began
to establish schools in 1866. Supreme court decision in 1896 which upheld the concept of racially segregated "separate but equal" education. Brown V. Board of Education 1954 landmark Supreme Court case which overturned segregation in schools after 58 years. What are some challenges and benefits to the idea of religious pluralism today? History of Education Resulting from
Racial Pluralism What issues of racial pluralism might arise in classrooms today? The Cultural Pluralism or Anglo-conformity Debate Anglo-conformity: The belief that all immigrant children must be socialized into the culture and worldview of the dominant Anglo society in the United States. "Great American Melting Pot" by School House Rock Do you think schools should
be places of cultural pluralism
or become "melting pots"
for cultural assimilation? Theoretical Approaches
to Multicultural
Education Outcomes of Multicultural Education Where We
Are Today Resources: An education that is designed and shaped by several cultural perspectives What is Multicultural Education? What are the
common approaches
to teaching
multicultural education? The main purpose of this
approach is to counter
a cultural deficiency
while assisting individuals
to develop and maintain
their own cultural identity. Teaching the Culturally Different KEEP Project in Hawaii Human Relations This approach views multicultural education as a means by which students of different backgrounds learn to communicate more effectively with others while learning to feel good about themselves. Communicating Cross-Culturally: What Teachers Should Know Single Group Studies The downside to this approach is that it tends to perpetuate ethnocentric
ideology rather than expand perspectives to multiple cultures. This approach addresses instruction that focuses on the experiences and cultures of one specific group Native
Culture African American
History Chicano
Literature Inclusive Multicultural
Education This approach tries to reflect the experiences of many different groups by offering courses that attempt to link ethnic groups from a variety of perspectives while developing a conceptual core. History of Minorities in America Ethnic Minority
Music Minority Literature Kaleidoscope Youth Center, Columbus, Ohio - Art Education Program Education that is
Multicultural and
Social Reconstructionist Civil Rights Movement and Schools The Civil Rights Movement and the Schools Judicial and Legislative Mandates Regarding Equity Chronology Video Brown v. Board of Education Please refer to the chart on Pages 44 through 49 Major Civil Rights
Legislation Chronology Educational reform
legislation was enacted. 1954 Areas of reform desegregation
bilingual education desegregation
bilingual education Judicial and
Legislative Mandates Regarding Equity Chapter 2: Multicultural Education: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives If students come to school already identifying differences and making judgments, what kind of impact can multicultural education have? Children differentiate physical characteristics such as, skin color Cooperative
learning activities Strategies Used Children attribute negative or positive value based on race Age 3 Age 5 Student Outcomes Curriculum developed
around specific ethnic
or cultural groups Multiethnic
reading in the
social studies Integrating
activities Effective cooperative learning
occurs when students
work together to accomplish shared goals and when positive structures are in place to support that process Cooperative
learning http://www.edutopia.org/inquiry-project-learning-research Teacher Resources for collaborative learning ideas (Johnson & Johnson, 1999) The success is due largely to the actions of vocal parents and other advocacy groups supporting individuals with disabilities. Program Outcomes http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/bestpractice/coop/examples.html http://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/cooperative/techniques.html http://www.netc.org/focus/strategies/coop.php PL 94-142,
“Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act”
was enacted in 1975 James Banks (Banks&Banks 2003) Five Dimensions
for the Field of
Multicultural Education Content integration Knowledge construction Prejudice reduction Equity pedagogy Empowering school culture This will better prepare American students for living in an increasing global context in the 21st century The Impact of Global
Perspectives on
Inequitable Education “..the core problem is that our education and training systems were built for another era, an era in which most workers needed only a rudimentary education. It is not possible to get where we have to go by patching that system. We can get where we must go only by changing the system itself.” The New Commission
on the Skills of the
American Workforce, 2007 The entire educational program is designed to address the needs of diverse groups regardless of race, ethnicity, culture, religion or gender, all while providing students with the skills to become socially active in creating change. Internationalize curricula to add to and integrate global content, global perspectives and
global language instruction Issues of Race Issues of Religion Issues of Language Issues of Gender Issues of Disability Issues of Social Class Resegregation:
The Legacy of Neighborhood Schools How can neighborhood schools provide diversity oppertunities for their students? Nightline October 2, 1997
ABC News Responses to Multicultural and Bilingual Education Reforms Opponents of Special Programs U.S. educational "tradition" of helping people "willing to work" Bilingual education delays
students in learning English Proponents of Special programs Pluralism in education is an affirmation of social reality Pluralism is a nationalistic characteristic How do we provide education equality to all students? Additional Images from Google Images www.ncrel.org – KEEP Project
http://iteslj.org/Articles/Pratt-Johnson-CrossCultural.html - Cross-cultural communication
http://etd.ohiolink.edu/view.cgi/Boyd%20Joni%20Etta.pdf?osu1304434369 - Kaleidoscope Youth Center Art Program
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