Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Mr. James'- Cell Structures

Miller Levine Macaw Book
by

Will James

on 15 November 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Mr. James'- Cell Structures

END OF SECTION
In the nucleus of a cell, the DNA is usually visible as
a dense region called the nucleolus.
the nuclear envelope.
granular material called chromatin.
condensed bodies called chloroplasts.
7-2
Mitochondria
Organelles

structures

inside
a
eukaryotic cell.
Translation: “
Little Organs

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT ARE THE MAIN PARTS OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL?
a
specialized vacuole
that
contains
digestive enzymes.

receives, modifies, and ships

proteins and other molecules (packages) to the vacuoles or
even to outside of the cell
3-column notes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Which of the following is a function of the cytoskeleton?
manufactures new cell organelles
assists in movement of some cells from one place to another
releases energy in cells
modifies, sorts, and packages proteins
7-2
Chloroplasts are found in the cells of
animals only.
plants and some other organisms.
all eukaryotes.
all prokaryotes.
7-2
Functions

Keeps
Cell Shape
Cytoskeleton
Contractile vacuole
The paramecium contains a
contractile vacuole
that
pumps out excess water
for this unicellular organism.
There are two types of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER): rough and smooth.
Smooth ER
Ribosomes
The function of vacuoles are :
break down organelles.
storing materials.
maintain homeostasis.
make new organelles.
7-2
The NUCLEUS
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT PART OF THE CELL CONTROLS ITS FUNCTION/JOB?
Which 2 of the following are a function of the cytoskeleton?
synthesize proteins.
store materials.
transport of molecules.
maintain structure of cell
7-2
Centrioles help to organize the cytoskeleton during cell division.
Cytoskeleton
Cytoskeleton
Ribosomes are
found in
the cytoplasm
and often
attached to the rough endoplasmic reticulum.
Ribosomes
Chromatin
(unorganized DNA)
Nuclear pores allow movement of molecules in and out of the nucleus
(like proteins and RNA)
Nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
The Nucleus

Only
Found in
organisms
that do photosynthesis
such as all
plants and some algae.
Chloroplast
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: HOW DO PLANTS MAKE FOOD FOR THEMSELVES?
Function:

convertS food into useable CHEMICAL energy
through cellular respiration.
ESSENTIAL QUESTION:
HOW DO CELLS MAKE ENERGY TO DO THEIR JOB?
Central Vacuole
large storage space
found
only in plant cells. Stores mostly water.

Nuclear envelope
Nucleus
Cell membrane
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Mitochondrion
Golgi apparatus
Ribosome (attached)
Ribosome (free)
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Eukaryotic Cell Structures
Chloroplast
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Nucleus
Central Vacuole
Golgi apparatus
Mitochondrion
Ribosome (attached)
Ribosome (free)
Nuclear membrane
Eukaryotic Cell Structures

and
everything outside the nucleus
,
It is an
aqueous substance
,
contains
the other parts of the cell.
-
Main office
in our
factory
sac-like
structure
that

holds water,
salts, proteins and carbohydrates.
Vacuole
the Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Biologists divide the eukaryotic cell
into two major parts:
The
control center
for the cell.
Holds the DNA
Organelles

structures inside
a cell. Translation:
“Little Organs”
So similar to your body a
single cell has organs working together
so that it can
survive and live
its "life".
is the
control center
of the cell.
The nucleus
contains the cell's DNA
which is the
instructions for

making proteins
and other important molecules.
has it
own membrane with pores (holes)
, that allow materials to pass in and out
-
Sends out instructions
to the rest of cell
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT HELPS THE CELL KEEP ITS SHAPE?

made up of:
microfilaments
microtubules
Steel
Beams

to hold up walls

(shape)

Enables Movement/transport OF MOLECULES
within the Cell
Conveyer belt
system (
movement/transport
)
What does your
skeleton do
for you?
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT PART OF THE CELL STORES ALL OF THE MATERIALS WE NEED LATER?
Vacuole-
Central Vacuole –
Storage unit or
warehouse

of our factory
allow water, oxygen, carbon
dioxide and other substances
to pass through easilY
ESSENTIAL QUESTION:
HOW DOES A CELL BREAKDOWN WASTES AND FOREIGN MATERIAL?
Lysosome

It is used to
break down

bacteria, WASTE and food
taken in by the cell.
mostly
found in
animal cells
VERY
COMMON IN IMMUNE SYSTEM
CELLS,
LIKE
WHITE BLOOD CELLS
would be the
waste
disposal system
town dump/recycling center
trash compactor
in our factory
Mitochondria 
Found in

All
Eukaryotes
and most plant
cells
POWERPLANT
of the cell
makes
all the
energy

the
cell uses to grow,
develop, and move
Scientists believe billions of years ago that mitochondria were once unicellular
bacteria that were "swallowed" by another cell and they survived to become an organelle in a multicellular organism.
have their
own DNA

has an
inner and outer membrane
Chloroplasts
 
capture energy from sunlight
and convert it into sugar
in a
process called
photosynthesis
.
Sugar
is then
stored
to be used
as food for the cell
Power source
for the plant cell, but it
i
s
solar power
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: HOW DO CELLS MAKE PROTEIN?
f
ollow coded instructions
that come from DNA
instructions tell
ribosomes
to make proteins,
which are
essential to life
the
more proteins a cell makes, the more ribosomes it has
small machines
that make proteins on order from the cell's boss..........................
Vacuole
Lysosome
3-column notes
Rough ER
has
no ribosomes
attached, so it is smooth
has
digestive enzymes
that perform tasks like
getting rid of toxic chemicals
ribosomes attach
to it,
so it is rough
ER uses these ribosomes
to make
proteins, modifies
them, and sends
them to
the golgi.
makes new membrane materials
Golgi Apparatus
Post office/Mail Center
of the factory
puts the "
address
" on proteins so they
go to the right place inside or outside of the cell
UNIT ESSENTIAL QUESTION:
WHAT ARETHE BUILDING BLOCKS OF LIFE?

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT ARE THE MAIN PARTS OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL?
WITHOUT THESE ORGANS A CELL CAN'T PERFORM ITS "JOB"
REFLECTION: IN YOUR OWN WORDS ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS.
1. WHAT CAN YOU COMPARE THE NUCLEUS TOO?
2.WHAT IS THE CYTOPLASM MADE OF?
3. WHAT ARE ORGANELLES?
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT PROVIDES PROTECTION FOR THE CELL?
EXTRA
LAYER

AROUND

MEMBRANE IN
ALL PLANT CELLS

AND

MOST PROKARYOTES
ALLOWS WATER, OXYGEN,
CARBON DIOXIDE
AND OTHER SUBSTANCES
TO PASS IN AND OUT EASILY
LIKE THE
BORDER
OF A COUNTRY
PROVIDES EXTRA SUPPORT AND PROTECTION
CELL WALL
LETS PLANTS WITHSTAND GRAVITY AND GROW LARGE
ALL WOOD MATERIAL IS MADE FROM CELL WALLS (LIKE LINED PAPER)
WOULD BE
EXTRA WALLS, DOUBLE THICK
FLOORS AND CEILINGS
PLANT CELL
ANIMAL CELL
CELL WALL
EXTRA SUPPORT
PROTECTION
FOUND IN PLANTS AND BACTERIA
CELL MEMBRANE
ALLOWS CERTAIN MATERIALS TO PASS IN AND OUT
PROTECTION
FOUND IN ALL CELLS
LIKE THE
BRAIN
OF THE CELL
REFLECTION: IN YOUR OWN WORDS ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS.
1. LIST 5 THINGS THE MEMBRANE LETS IN AND OUT OF A CELL.
2. ON A HIGHWAY WHAT WOULD THE MEMBRANE BE LIKE?
3. WHAT ORGANISMS DO YOU FIND A CELL WALL IN?
PLANT CELL
ANIMAL CELL
NUCLEUS
INSTRUCTS THE CELL
CONTORLS CELL FUNCTION
CONTAINS THE CELLS DNA
LOCATED ALL THROUGH THE CYTOPLASM
like the
lockers in a school
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT PART OF THE CELL STORES ALL OF THE MATERIALS WE NEED LATER?
stores materials
that cell makes or needs later
Central Vacuole
stores mostly water
in plant cells
storage center for cell
supplies cell with water, oxygen, protein, etc when needed
Vacuole
larger than regular vacuole
REFLECTION: IN YOUR OWN WORDS ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN YOUR NOTES.
1. WHAT ARE SOME OF THE MATERIALS STORED
IN VACUOLES?

2. EXPLAIN HOW STORING WATER AND SUGAR IN A VACUOLE MIGHT HELP YOU DURING EXERCISE?
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: HOW DO CELLS MAKE ENERGY TO DO THEIR JOB?
CYTOSKELETON
PLANT CELL
ANIMAL CELL
ANIMAL CELL
STEEL BEAMS OF THE CELL
SUPPORTS CELL'S SHAPE
HELPS WITH MOVEMENT OF
MOLECULES WITHIN CELL
the
more energy a cell
uses the more mitochondria it will have
(like muscle cells)
solar power panel
turns sunlight into food (sugar) for plant
POWER PLANT OF CELL
TURNS FOOD INTO USEABLE ENERGY
ENERGY USED BY CELL TO GROW AND FUNCTION
MITOCHONDRIA
REFLECTION: IN YOUR OWN WORDS ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN YOUR NOTES.
1. HOW DOES THE FOOD YOU EAT GET TO THE MITOCHONDRIA IN YOU CELLS?


2. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE FOOD ONCE ITS THERE?


3. EXPLAIN BRIEFLY HOW PLANTS MAKE THEIR OWN FOOD?
REFLECTION: USE YOUR NOTES TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES.

1. EXPLAIN IN DETAIL HOW WHITE BLOOD CELLS ATTACK BACTERIA IN YOUR BODY?

2. WHAT IS THE JOB OF RIBOSOMES IN YOUR CELLS?
LYSOSOME
BREAKSDOWN WASTE AND FOREIGN MATERIAL IN CELLS
COMMON IN WHITE BLOOD CELLS (IMMUNE SYSTEM)
TRASH COMPACTOR OF THE CELL
RIB0S0MES
ORGANELLE WHERE PROTEINS ARE MADE
SMALL MACHINES
CELLS MAKE MORE PROTEINS HAVE MORE RIBOSOMES
Full transcript