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Climate and Climate Regions

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Richard Andrews

on 6 September 2012

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Transcript of Climate and Climate Regions

©2012, TESCCC ©2012, TESCCC ©2012, TESCCC Climate &
Climate Regions Climate: The average temperature and precipitation in an area over a long period of time.
Weather: Current temperature & precipitation in an area (Short period of time). Weather v. Climate Low Latitude, Mid Latitude, High Latitude
Seasons, Solstice, Equinox
Revolution, Rotation, Tilt
Climate, Weather
Vegetation: Coniferous, Deciduous, Mixed Forest, Chaparral Terms to Know Natural way for Earth to retain its warmth and for plants and animals to survive.

Global Climate Change –refers to the change in climate due to actions by man. Greenhouse Effect 66° S 23 1/2 ° S 0 ° 66° N 23 1/2 ° N Arctic Circle

Tropic of Cancer


Tropic of Capricorn

Antarctic Circle Important Lines of Latitude Tilt:
23 ½ °
Distribution of heat
Longer growing seasons Rotation
Spin of Earth on its Axis
1 Rotation = 1 Day Revolution
Movement of Earth around the sun
1 Revolution = 365 ¼ Days
Marked by Solstice & Equinox
N & S Hemisphere Difference Solstice & Equinox Latitude, Latitude, Latitude
Landforms (location, size, etc.)
Proximity to large bodies of water
Water heats and cools slower than does land
Milder climates near large bodies of water
More extreme climates away from large bodies of water (continental climate).
Wind and Currents What Affects Climate? Latitude: The most influential factor that affects climate type.

There are three latitude zones:
Low Latitude- between 23 ½° N and 23 ½ ° S
Mid Latitude- between 23 ½ °N and 66 ° N AND
23 ½ ° S and 66 ° S
High Latitude- Poles; above 66 ° N AND
below 66 ° S Latitude, latitude, latitude Low Latitude Climates Other Climates Mid-Latitude Climates Mid-Latitude Climates High Latitude Climates High Latitudes 66 ½° N Middle Latitudes Middle Latitudes Middle Latitudes Middle Latitudes 23 ½ ° N Low Latitudes Low Latitudes 66 ½° S 23 ½ ° S 0 °
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