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Entertainment in the Victorian Era
Transcript of Entertainment in the Victorian Era
IN THE VICTORIAN ERA
By: Vanessa Ortega, Dennis Mitts, Aliyah Cortez, and Christina Losito
The Victorian era of british history was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from June 20 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901.
THERE WAS A HIGH INTEREST IN LITERATURE, THEATER , AND THE ARTS, AND MUSIC, DRAMA, AND OPERA WERE WIDELY ATTENDED
DRUGS AND ALCOHOL
The social gap between classes widened because popular forms entertainment were divided by social class
many of these forms of entertainment were so popular that evangelical and reform movements specifically targeted such establishments in their efforts to stop gambling, drinking, and prostitution.
Many authors such as Charles Dickens, Arthur Conan Doyle, Charlotte Brontë and William Makepeace Thackeray were known for their work and were very popular.
Virgins were much prized for several reasons which was hygiene.
However, their first sexual experiences were not out of the ordinary usually sexual pleasure within their own class.
Prostitution became a major concern and a focal point for social reformers in the 19th century. Most women found themselves doing sexual favors for the need of money.
Prostitution in Victorian England was a part of everyday life for people from every class, ethnicity, and gender.
The “Angel of the House” was not expected to perform acts that were sexually to give pleasure for herself or her partner. She was an average age of 18-22, but many started much earlier at the age of 12 or earlier.
Even the Royal family were no strangers to gambling.
In England during the Victorian periods, gambling was endemic among the upper classes.
High stakes, really high stakes gambling had its own culture. Men who were devoted to gambling had special coats that they would wear to gamble in. They would also wear eyeshades and special hats, and tie leather guards around their wrists in order to keep their lace cuffs clean.
Men and women went to extraordinary lengths with their gambling. A popular food item came about because a man didn't want to stop gambling to eat. John Montague, the 4th Earl of Sandwich is said to have asked a servant to bring him sliced meat between two pieces of bread so he could continue gambling and not have to get up and eat.
At a time when there was no such thing as television, card games were diversions to pass the time.
Two of the famous men's clubs in London; White's, and Brook's, were social and gambling establishments. White's was famous for its betting book where the members would place bets on literally anything. Two members once bet on the number of cats that would walk down opposite sides of a street, they bet on who would marry who, who would seduce who, and anything else they could think of
cocaine - and other drugs like morphine - were routinely used in remedies for coughs, colds and toothaches as a cure-all magic ingredient in the Victorian era.
Opium is made from the resin of the poppy seed. Once it has dried it is scraped off the plant and can be processed for smoking. Opium smoking was certainly glamorized by Victorian literary figures, but other ways to consume it were soon discovered.
Laudanum was a tincture which contained roughly 10% opium and 90% alcohol. It was often flavoured with cinnamon due to its unpleasant taste, making it very easy to drink and therefore popular. Initially prescribed as a pain reliever, the possibility of addiction and poisoning were later discovered. As with smokeable opium, laudanum was favoured by intellectuals and the rich.
The English middle and upper classes religiously served and drank wine at their dinners, and the working class frequently consumed beer and cider. The consumption of alcohol among working-class men began to be viewed as a wasteful and illicit form of entertainment which served no purpose, caused many problems,
fox hunting, fishing, bull runs were the popular blood sports. sports that we know today like football rugby, golf, and tennis weren't introduced as sports. but as they got popular they became official sports and were commonly played but the upper and , middle class.
games became increasingly common outside schools and universities
This began the British Open golf championship (1860), the Marquess of Queensberry rules for boxing (867), the Football Association Cup (1871), the County Cricket 1Championship (1873), and the first World Tennis Championship at Wimbledon for men (1877) and women (1884).
some Victorian sports transcended social class boundaries,
for example lawn tennis was popular among the middle class woman because they had the equipment and space. unlike the working class who couldn't attend many middle or upper class games or even afford it.
Circuses came to town and set up in parks and public places.
-There were carnivals, art exhibitions and lessons in singing, dancing and cooking to attend.
-Talks were given by visiting notables, scientists, preachers, and people who had been adventuring in different countries.
music was one of the greatest pleasures with thousands of people playing musical instruments at home for pleasure. Accomplished young women wishing to land a husband were taught to play the piano. Victorian music and girls could also be taught to play the banjo. Most cities, towns and villages had a Glee club, village band, music society or choir. The Church orchestra came in useful for more than just hymn playing