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Teaching Approaches and Strategies for Science

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jessica mojica

on 15 July 2014

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Transcript of Teaching Approaches and Strategies for Science

Teaching Approaches and Strategies for Science
Approach
Strategies
Methods
Techniques
Factors to Considers:

a. age and instructional level

b. interest

c. abilities of students
Inquiry Approach

- investigate processes and procedure in searching for information

- self-directed

- develops critical thinking

Problem Solving

- a way of teaching patterned after the way a scientists respond to a puzzling situation


Problem
- a condition that needs immediate solution

Scientific Method
a. identifying the problem
b. formulating hypothesis
c. choosing and testing the hypothesis
d. colleeting and interpreting data
e. formulating conclusion



Experimenting

- employing investigative techniques and procedures to gain knowledge and information

- intended to find out effect of some conditions and variables

- most effective in teaching science concept
Steps in Experimenting

1. identification of a problem
2. formulating hypothesis
3. testing the hypothesis
4. analyzing and interpreting data
5. formulating conclusion
Pointers in Using Experiment Approach

1. student involvement
2. practice
3. emphasis in one variable at a time
4. refrain from revealing the data
5. orderly distribution and retrieval of laboratory tools
6. tactful guidance from tactful teacher.
Demonstration

- direct instructional approach

- requires expertise

- particular process/activity is performed

- social sciences and technoly-based disciplines

Pointers in Using Demonstration Approach

1. Try equipment before the demo.

2. Use appropriate materials.

3. Mastery of the procedure.

4. Consider time.

Projects

Constructing Project
-
a teaching strategy that involves gathering and organizing information about the concept and presenting it in a concrete form.

Projects

- model, diorama, dream house

- represents the attainment of an objective including the learning tasks that led to its desired product.

- application of what was learned in visual form.
Pointers using Project Approach

1. Clear objectives, criteria and metrics.

2. Check design prior doing to avoid waste.

3. Proper use of materials.

4. Promote independence.

5. Recognize and acknowledge


Interest Learning Centers

- an innovative way of inviting students to satisfy their curiosities

- consist of assigning as area and organizing a set of instructional materials, tools aims writing paraphernalia to be used.


Examples
neighboring area

math center

computer centers

Pointers
1. Prepare materials and be ready for
alternatives.
2. Student log can assist future monitoring.
3. Short quizzes and written observations
may be required.
4. Construct project while lesson is undertaken.

Visiting Community Resources

- promotes a close link between the school and the community

- students becomes more familiar in the natural resources

- first-rate learning

Pointers
1. Teachers must have a file of the establishments.
2. Lesson-objectives must be understood.
3. Reminders on behavior and plans of procedure must be prepared.
4. Involve the students.
5. Students must know how the trip will be evaluated.
6. Assign community leader.

Discussion

- a group-oriented teaching method characterized by a free communication of ideas and information between the teacher and the students

- Encourages students to express their own ideas openly.

- Develops critical thinking.




Pointers

1. Frequent questions are asked due to the following reasons:
a. To motivate
b. To instruct or guide
c. To evaluate

2. Make sure discussion does go astray or beyond the planned scope.

3. Minimal teacher discussion allows students to volunteer their ideas

Pointers (cont...)

3. Minimal teacher discussion allows students to volunteer their ideas.

4. Refrain from censuring out-of the-topic remarks.
5. Praise and recognize student performance.

6. Allow sufficient time for every discussion.


Direct Instruction

- a way of teaching that aims to help students acquire some basic skills and procedural knowledge.

- straightforward done in a step-by-step fashion

- mastery in short period of time

- emphasis on how to execute steps

Steps:
a. provide the rationale
b. demonstrate the skill
c. provide guided practice
d. check for understanding and provide feedback
e. provide extended practice and transfer


Pointers
1. Give ample time to practice.
2. Include the students.
3. Describe the testing situation and specify the level of performance expected.
4. Divide skills equally for precision.
5. Design strategy based on the skills of the students.
6. Rehearse before the demonstration.
7. Provide feedback and encouragements.
8. Be able to construct good performance-based tests

Using Audio-Visual Materials
-
equipment, tools and instructional materials
- bulletin boards and chalkboards
- printed materials, charts, books and references
- models, miniatures and mock-ups
- projected still pictures, video tapes, films
- audio recordings
- overhead transparencies, lenses
- chemicals
- computers
- dissecting tools

Criteria for Selecting the Audio-Visual Material

1. relevance to the lesson
2. appropriateness
3. quality of the materials
4. objectiveness
5. availability

Jessica D. Mojica
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