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Renaissance Intro

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by

Lisa Healow

on 12 October 2014

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Transcript of Renaissance Intro

smaller population =
enhanced economy
rise of city-states =
specialization of labor
+
leisure time
time to focus on science, philosophy, literature, and art
The Renaissance!
"rebirth" - following the Black Death, starvation, and warfare of the Middle Ages, a movement centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
The Renaissance





Desire to beautify cities
Increased trade with Asia as a result of the Crusades
Growth of large, wealthy Italian city-states
Interest in the classical learning of ancient Greece and Rome
Rise of rich and powerful merchants, who became patrons of the arts
Increased desire for scientific and technical knowledge
Science
Renaissance scientists discovered ideas that would challenge the Catholic Church's teachings
Nicholas Copernicus and Galileo Galilei discovered that the Earth orbited the Sun and the Sun was at the center of the solar system
Philosophy
Renaissance philosophers studied the humanities - rhetoric, grammar, poetry, history, and Latin and Greek
Humanists believed that the potential of the human mind was almost limitless and advanced the idea of a “Renaissance Man” – a person who was talented in all aspects of life
Literature
A European printing press was developed by Johannes Gutenberg, which made literature readily available to the people, and Renaissance ideals spread quickly
The Renaissance!
Renaissance artists wanted to paint the natural world as realistically as possible and break away from the Middle Ages’ idealized and symbolic representations of religious themes
Art
Northern Renaissance
Renaissance ideals spread throughout Western Europe (France, Germany, the Netherlands)
focus on painting texture of natural items like wood or fabric
usage of oil-based paints
focus on daily peasant life
usage of religious symbols
Geocentric: Earth at center of solar system; sun and planets rotate around Earth
Heliocentric: Sun at center of solar system; Earth and planets orbit Sun
Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince - advised rulers to separate morals from politics and that "the ends justify the means"
Developed techniques like perspective and color to portray shapes and textures
Most scholars studied history, geography, and politics, but some studied the science of the sky (astronomy)
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