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Transcript of SPACE RACE
Significance of Sputnik
On October 4th, 1957, the Soviet Union had launched Earth's first artificial satellite, Sputnik.
Sputnik marked the the start of the space race between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R, as well as the start of the space age.
The launch of Sputnik lead to the creation of NASA by the US one year later on October 1, 1958.
By: Leslie Rodriguez, Eloisa Salvio, Gary Silva, and Parinha Sethik
Murrow takes a shot at McCarthy
Edward Murrow was a well known broadcast journalist for CBS
He Publicly criticize McCarthy and thought that his accusations were not real and were not supported well.
McCarthy was invited by Murrow to appear live on his show.
McCarthy tried to explain himself but his popularity by the nation by then had already faded.
Murrow felt that the names McCarthy claims to be communist should be protected
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence.
Originated during the time period of the Second Red Scare and lasted from about 1950-1956
It was widely common during political repression against communist
It was originally made to criticize the anti-communist ideas and pursuits made by Senator Joseph McCarthy
During this time many Americans were accused of being communists or communist allies (spies, supporters, etc.)
Bingo Review Game
McCarthyism was named after this senator ...
The practice of making accusations without hard evidence is _.
Who publicly criticized McCarthy and believed that he had no evidence for his accusations?
The Soviet Union and the _ were the two super powers of the Cold War.
Growth of Atomic Weapons Between the Two Superpowers
In 1945 the U.S dropped two atomic bombs on Japan to end WWII
Four years later, the Soviet Union built their own atomic bomb
A deadly arms race had begun. Both superpowers stockpiled nuclear weapons. By the end of a decade both sides were developing missiles to carry bombs to each other's doorstep
Neither U.S nor Russia wanted to start an all-out war. Instead they pursued their rivalry indirectly by supporting opposite sides in conflict in the third world, which were poorer nations Asia, Latin America and Africa.
Achievements of the Superpowers Involved in the Space Race
On April 12, 1961 the USSR launched Vostok 1 where the first human (Yuri Gagarin) traveled in space and orbited the Earth.
The first ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) was developed by the USSR in 1957
On November 1957 the first animal (a dog) was sent by the USSR using Sputnik II
The first satellite released by Americans called Explorer I was launched on January 1958
On December 1958 the U.S sent the first communication satellite.
This achievement ended the Space Race with the victory of the United States
On August 1963 the first woman on Earth (Valentina Tereshkova) was sent to space also by the USSR
On December 1968 the US launched Apollo 8 - first crewed spacecraft that left the Earth Orbit and also orbited the Moon.
On March 1969 the US launched Apollo 9 - first crewed flight capable of landing on the moon.
On July 16, 1969 the US launched the first crewed landing on the moon lead by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.
Why was the U.S so concerned about the possibility of internal communist threats?
The Space Race grew out of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. Each of the superpowers wanted to win the race to prove their superiority of not only their technology, but also their political and social philosophy.
The U.S feared the if the USSR wins, communism will be practiced and spread in America.
Such conflict brought the two superpowers in the brink of war.
The two superpowers in the Cold War were the Soviet Union and the United States.
In order to be a superpower, a nation should have good economy, a strong military, and political power on a global scale.
The two superpowers opposed each other ideologies after WWII. Americans promoted democracy and capitalism whereas the Soviets promoted communism.
Outcome of the Space
The US won the space race after Apollo 11 had landed on the moon.
The soviets made Luna 15, however as it was just about to land, it crashed. No more attempts were made by the soviets to travel to the moon.
What year did the United States drop two atomic bombs on Japan?
The Soviets promoted _ while Americans promoted capitalism.
On _, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik.
What marked the start of the Space Race?
Who invented he first ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) in 1957?
What was the first animal to be sent by the USSR using Sputnik II on November 1957?
What was the first crewed spacecraft that left the Earth Orbit in 1968?
What was the first crewed flight capable of landing on the moon in 1969?
Both superpowers wanted to win the race to prove their superiority of their technology, and political and __.
What did the United States win after Apollo 11 landed on the moon?
What did the Soviet Union build four years after the United States bombed Japan?
Neither the U.S nor Russia wanted to start an _.
In order to be a superpower a nation should have:
a good economy
a strong military
Sputnik began the start of the _ age.
What did the US create on October 1, 1958, one year after the launch of Sputnik?
The United States released the first satellite called _ on January 1958.
On December 1958 the U.S released the first _ satellite.
Who was the first human to travel in space and orbit the Earth? (August 12, 1961)
On April 12, 1961 the USSR launched the first human to travel in space and orbit the Earth on the _.
Who was the first woman on Earth that was sent to space?
The first crewed landing on the moon by the United States was lead by _ and Buzz Aldrin.
Neil Armstrong was accompanied by _ on the first crewed landing on the moon.
The Soviets made _, however as it was just about to land, it crashed.
McCarthyism was originally made to criticize the _ ideas made by Joseph McCarthy.
If the USSR won, the United States feared that communism would be practiced and _ throughout America.
What did Murrow feel the names McCarthy claimed to be communist should be?
On 1952 the first spacecraft to land on the moon was the Luna 2. It was made by the Soviets.