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Principles of Design
Transcript of Principles of Design
The principles of design help an artist to use elements of design to their greatest potential in a work of art.
To use the Principles of design you must
first understand how to use the Elements
The Elements Are:
Balance can be either symmetrical or
Asymmetrical. When trying to balance
a piece of artwork an artist is trying
to balance the different elements they
used to create the art. Different
objects carry different visual
Repetition of an element such
as a line or shape or whole
image in art to decorate a surface can make the viewer's eye move through the work of
art. Using pattern can also
help an artist to show the principles of movement and
Contrast is created by using elements that oppose and compliment each other- such as light and dark values or complimentary colors.
Scale / Proportion
Proportion or Scale refers to the size relationship between different elements in a piece of art or the size difference between the viewer and the work of art. The way different elements are proportioned can change how a work of art is viewed.
At times an artist may change proportions to draw attention to a certain area.
Whenever an artist gives one part of their art dominance over another part it is called emphasis. Emphasis can be created by using other principles such as contrast and proportion.
Variety means using different elements together to create areas of interest in artwork.
Unity is the relationship between all the different elements used in a work of art and how they function together to make one piece.
Visual movement takes viewers on a trip through artwork. When we look at art, our eyes move along edges and lines and along the paths made by connecting shapes of similar value or color. Movement usually leads to the focal area.
Rhythm is the repetition of shapes, forms, colors and other elements that move throughout a work of artwork to give an artwork unity and sometimes movement.