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Trans-Saharan Trade Routes

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by

Rebecca Hamilton

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of Trans-Saharan Trade Routes

Trans-Saharan Trade Route
Typical Trade Goods

camel caravans carried goods such as spices from India, iron tools, and weapons made in Kush
the two products in most demand from the trade routes were gold and salt
kola nuts and slaves were also transported across routes
Commonly Traded Goods
North African Coast:
cloth, glassware, weapons, books, other manufactured goods
Sahara: Copper,
Salt, dates
Sub- Saharan Africa:
grain crops ( millet and sorghum), yams, kola nuts
West Africa:
metal goods, cotton textiles, gold, various food products
Works Cited
http://africa.mrdonn.org/traderoutes.html
What is it and where did it start?
definition:
trade routes that extended from sub-Saharan western African Kingdom across the dessert to Europe.

Impact
Timbuktu was founded and established
Islamic religion prospered
extreme wealth of the empires and leaders in control during the time span of the trade route
Introduction and Domestication of Camel.
Travelers and Traders were astounded by the various culture they passed to get to India.
Egyptian, Mesopotamian, and North African civilization's artifacts began to travel further more quickly and easily.
Women were traded in small, early communities in North Africa
origins:
Berber nomads of southern Sahara
availability of the camel

Climate and Location

the Trans-Saharan Trade Routes are located in the Sahara and sub-Saharan West Africa
created stable trade between Africa and Europe
geography is difficult to traverse
climate is hot and arid
By Rebecca Hamilton, Alex Pinckney, Christopher Greco
Fun Facts! (unique aspects)
The Sahel people were the middlemen of trans-Saharan trade.
Camels were used as a form of transportation.
A major item traded between southern and sub-Saharan Africa was salt.
It is theorized that chariot trade routes also existed
http://www.utexas.edu/cola/orgs/hemispheres/_files/pdf/presentations/Metals_Minerals_Faith_Slaves.pdf
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/gold/hd_gold.htm
http://library.thinkquest.org/13406/sh/
People Along the Trans-Saharan Trade Route
http://mrparkswikis.wikispaces.com/Trans-Saharan+Caravans
trade along the trans-Saharan trade route continued to be important despite change in political control
after the fall of the Ghana Empire, the Islamic Mali empire rose in power and gained control of the routes
Ghana kings restricted the sale of gold within the empire, but Mali did not
(AKA The Sand Road)
Full transcript