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The Legacy Of Rome

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Zachary Goldston

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of The Legacy Of Rome

The Legacy Of Rome
The Colosseum
Latin
Roman numerals
A Day at the Colosseum
* At the Colosseum, there was an average of 40,000 to 50,000 people a day! If they stood up, they can fit up to 80,000 people!
* Seating was arranged in four tiers from the poor plebeians, to the rich nobles, to even the ruler of Rome!
* Some events where only held for the wealthy. An example is the Death Games, where people would celebrate their passed away loved ones
*The Colosseum featured events such as...
*Animal hunts
*Meridiani- Lightly armed gladiator fights.
*Executions (a.k.a. Killing Someone or multiple people)
*Andabatae- blindfolded criminals+weapons=comedy
* The events were usually ended by heavily armed gladiator fights
The Creation of the Colosseum
*The Colosseum, built from 70 AD to 81 AD by slaves from the Jewish War. 8 Years!
*The Colosseum was built with large concrete blocks that were transported about 20 miles from the spot!
* When the blocks arrived at the site, they were carved and than faced with stone.
*These blocks were than hoisted into the air through a human powered pulley system, using slaves walking in a wheel to lift the blocks, sort of an ancient crane.
*The blocks were than arranged to provide support and balance to this colossus.
Legacy of the Colosseum
How The Numerals Work
*The Colosseum has impacted our way of life in many ways.
* Without the Colosseum, would we have stadiums? And if we did, would they be differently shaped and constantly built?
* Many events at the Colosseum have inspired many of our sports today for entertainment!
*The Colosseum has struck upon our love for sports and inspires much of our sportsmanship and competitive spirit.
*The Roman numerals were a counting system of base 10.
* Addition goes from highest to lowest. I = 1,
X = 10, V = 5, XXX = 30.
* Subtraction is a smaller number followed by a bigger number. IV = 4, IX = 9, XL = 40.
* Multiplication is a line over a number thus multiplying it by 1000.
-M = 1,000,000 , -V = 5,000 , -X = 10,000. (Just think of the line over the letter).
* There is no division, negative numbers, and/or zero!
* These are rules and examples of Roman Numerals.
Uses of Roman Numerals
* Roman Numerals my seem like they were just use used for counting, but they were used in many ways!
* One way was to record numbers and information on stone tablets.
* The best use was to record resources and taxes payed to the Emperor.
* Other uses along with taxes were payment/ coins and believe it or not, art!
* Historians believe that the Roman Numerals correspond to fingers held up. 1 Finger = I = 1, 5 Fingers = V = 5.
* It was a simpler, easier way of subtraction and addition, which we also use in our basic arithmetic.
Legacy of Roman Numerals
* The Romans with creating Roman Numerals used Base 10, which is widely used today!
* Movie titles and event titles sequels use Roman Numerals. Examples are Rocky III , Super Bowl XLIV , Star Wars II, and other events.
* In names, people use Roman Numerals if they use the same name in the family. Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, William Henry "Bill" Gates III.
* Some products, decoration, and even artwork use Roman Numerals

Characteristics/Grammar of Latin
* Latin was the language of speaking and writing for Romans.
* Latin originally had no lowercase letter, and no J, U, or W. They were later added. Soon, there were lowercase letters, and today, the modern Latin alphabet contains 52 letters.
* There were six tenses (where the situation takes place in time) in Latin. They are Present (praesens), Imperfect (imperfectum): actions continuing in the past, Future (futurum), Pluperfect (plusquamperfectum): actions occurring before another past action, Perfect (perfectum): actions completed by the present, and Future Perfect (futurum exactum): actions that will be completed some time in the future.
* Talking/ writing has Voices of Passive (passivum) where the verb is done to the subject and Active (activum) where the verb is done by the subject.
* Overall, Latin has many rules to follow, others are Moods, types of nouns, articles, determiners, adjectives, adverbs, and many others!
Latin Prefixes and Suffixes
* A prefix is a group of letters placed before a word. A suffix is placed at the end of a root word.
* The root word is the main part of a word. all prefixs and suffixes are added to it.
* An example in Latin would be vacancy. Vac (the root) meaning empty/open and -ancy (suffix) meaning the state of something!
*Another is formalism. Formal (the root) meaning done in etiquette meaning and -ism (suffix) meaning belief is something.

Legacy and Purpose of Latin
*Why should we study Latin and what purposes does it have? Well, Latin has helped us a lot.
*The use of combining prefix(es), a root word, and suffix(es) came from them to us!
* Latin is used in many types of sciences ad studies for the orgin of the word. Example: White Oak which is Latin for Quercus alba (alba meaning White and Oak meaning Quercus).
*Lastly, Latin gives students an excellent English vocabulary, since so many hard words are fabricated from Latin. There are many other reasons also, for why Latin has helped our language of English.
* Two purposes of Latin was one, a way of communication throughout Rome and two, it can help you understand English and many other languages better.
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