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WHISTLEBLOWING: FRIEND OR FOE?

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Nika Shahery

on 29 June 2015

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Transcript of WHISTLEBLOWING: FRIEND OR FOE?

TO BLOW OR NOT TO BLOW?
A Case Synopsis of Julian Assange
A Case Synopsis of Edward Snowden
DEFINITIONS
SNOWED IN with SNOWDEN
WIKI LEAKED, ASSANGE WENT DOWN THE DRAIN
Whistleblower?
Founded Wikileaks, "in the belief that the free exchange of information would put an end to illegitimate governance"

Malcolm Rifkin: "A gift to any terrorist (group) trying to work out what are the ways in which it can damage the United States"

Afghan War Diary
$1.25
Wednesday, April 30, 2014
PPD CCXXV, No. 9
VIDEO
A Case Synopsis of "Chelsea" Bradley Manning
SHE'S THE MANning
WHISTLEBLOWING: FRIEND OR FOE?
Whistleblower: a person who informs on a person or organization engaged in an illicit activity.
Treason: the crime of betraying one's country
Ethics: moral principles that govern a person's or group's behavior
Freedom of Information act:a law that gives you the right to access information from the federal government
Private First Class Bradley Manning, an intelligence analyst in the United States Army, was charged for 22 violations of the US Espionage Act. Upon conviction she was sentenced to 35 years of confinement.
She was responsible for the largest document leak in US history

Results:
- Drastic changes in the US "Don't ask Don't Tell" policy
- Tighter informational security measures
- No media devices can enter or leave govt agencies (USB, CD's, smartphones)
- Improved cybersecurity training
- New security hardware

The goal is justice, the method is transparency. It's important not to confuse the goal and the method.
When NATIONAL SECURITY May Be Threatened....
IS REVEALING INFORMATION A THREAT TO NATIONAL SECURITY?
Inform adversaries of American intelligence’s tactics, techniques and procedures
American businesses that were complying with American law will face economic consequences
The Snowden revelations undermined trust in U.S.-based cloud services by revealing how some of the largest American tech companies using cloud computing -- including Google and Yahoo -- had their data accessed by the NSA. About 10 percent of non-U.S. companies have canceled contracts with American cloud providers since the NSA spying program was disclosed, according to a survey by the Cloud Security Alliance, an industry group.
Damages American Diplomacy
Loss of confidence in the ability of the United States to keep anything secret.

SHOULD GOVERNMENT BE COMPLETELY TRANSPARENT?
Locke's Social Contract model
Government = contractor
Explicit responsibility of government to keep its citizens safe
Forbidden from abusing obstructing life, liberty, or pursuit of happiness
Expectation of allowing citizens to elect and participate

We've seen how transparency can affect security
But, it may be the government's expectation to let citizens know what it is doing
Efficiency's sake
Preventing corruption
Citizens may also be entitled to procedural information
Relation to life, liberty, pursuit of happiness, property
HOW MUCH DO WE ACTUALLY WANT TO KNOW?
ETHICAL DILEMMAS
Are we entitled to the truth?
CAN YOU HANDLE THE TRUTH?
- Julian Assange
-Edward Snowden
Public's Need to Know vs. National Security
Media: The media generally wants to know as much as possible, without endangering classified operations. Most media outlets deem themselves as having a watchdog role, and view filing Freedom of Information requests a general part of their civic duties.

Public: The amount the public wants to know varies: when policy is working and being perceived to be effective, the public generally has less desire to know. When whistle blowers make accusations or a policy is not perceived to be effective, then the public demands to know more. On a general basis, most of the public only care in so far as the measures taken concern themselves, such as the NSA wiretapping scandal.

Government: As a whole, the government is generally very secretive and selective about how much information they allow to become public knowledge, particularly concerning national security. When requested, the government tends to make documents available, but as a whole, the government generally wishes to keep its actual actions and measures secret.
Source: PBS Interviews "How to balance the public's need to know vs. national security"
Social Contract between the people and the government
Mutual benefit
Hiding information as a form of protection
Rights Ethics: people have clear individual rights and others have duties to respect them
Administrative Responsibility:
Responsiveness
Fairness
Honesty
Accountability
Fairness
Confidence
Freedom of Speech
1st Amendment Rights
Participation & Collaboration in government
Should the truth be withheld for the purpose maintaining comfort and stability?
Dissident?
Traitor?
Patriot?
Hero?
I can't in good conscience allow the U.S. government to destroy privacy, internet freedom and basic liberties for people around the world with this massive surveillance machine they're secretly building.
Former CIA & NSA employee who leaked thousands of classified documents
Left to seek political asylum in Russia, granted 1 year (expires in August)
Motive was "to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is done against them"
Full transcript