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Sports Merit Badge

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by

Brian Guyton

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of Sports Merit Badge

Define Sports and Identify Reasons People Play Sports

Identify the Importance of:
Physical Exam Before Participating in Sports,
Maintaining Good Health Habits, and
Maintaining a Healthy Diet

Gain Knowledge of First Aid for:
Sprains, Strains, Contusions, Abrasions,
Fractures, Blisters, Muscle Cramps,
Dehydration, Heat and Cold Reactions,
Injured Teeth, and Nausea

Understand What To Do When There is:
Suspected Injury to Head, Neck, and Back

Identify What To Do During Sports:
Warm-Up and Cool Down Importance, Weight
Training, Difference Between Amateur and
Professional Athlete, Qualities of Good
Sportsmanship, a Good Team Leader,
and Being a Good Sport
Objectives for
Today
Sports Merit Badge
Texas A&M University
Merit Badge University
April 11, 2015

Rules and Etiquette for Two Sports You Have Chosen to Participate In

Equipment and Appropriate Clothing Necessary for Each of Your Two Sports Chosen

Diagrams of the Playing Areas for the Two Sports You Have Chosen

Personal Training Program:
- Chart to Track Training Progress, Practices, and Development in the Sports You Have Chosen
- Demonstrate Proper Technique for Two Chosen Sports
- How Participation in Sports has Affected You Mentally and Physically
Additional Information You Should Know
Presented by Brian Guyton
Common Sports Injuries
Sprain

injury to muscle or tendon due to overstretching, overexertion, heavy lifting, sudden movement, or twisting action
Strain
caused by twisting, wrenching, or lifting to cause a tear or stretch to the major tissue around a joint
Abrasion
also known as a scrape, caused by skin rubbing or tearing off
Fracture
broken bones caused by a blow or fall
to the particular area
Blister
continual rubbing of the skin
against another object
allows these to form
Muscle Cramp
usually caused by inadequate stretching or overuse to cause unusual muscle contractions
Heat Reaction
heat exhaustion or heatstroke
are examples of reactions to
heat that occur when the body
is overheated and cannot
maintain standard temperature
Cold Reaction
body cannot heat itself enough to
reach standard temperature;
if it gets too extreme it can lead to
hypothermia
Nausea
sensation before vomiting usually caused
by eating too close to
activity/exercise
Head/Neck/Back Injury
caused by intense impact to the head, may suffer dizziness, headache, nausea, or vomiting
Dehydration
lack of
water
to the
body
For Sprains and Strains:
R.I.C.E.
Clothing
Wear appropriate clothing when training or competing.
Four Steps to Prevent Injury
1. Warm up and stretch.
2. Wear proper equipment
- including supportive shoes.
3. Drink water.
4. Cool down and stretch.
Technique
a skillful or efficient way of doing or achieving something

each individual has a unique technique
Bonus
Those who participate in sports develop a better self-image and ability to work with others, in addition to the ability to work hard and have fun at the same time.
What is a Sport?
- an activity involving physical exertion and skill in which an individual or team competes against another or others for entertainment; governed by a set of rules or customs and often undertaken competitively

Athletics and exercise are not sports unless they are organized into competition and governed by a set of rules that are enforced by officials.
Why Do People Play Sports?
a fun way to get the exercise your body needs

close friendships can be formed

personal fitness gained from the physical activity

desire to feel the achievement in accomplishing the improvement in a sport or winning a competition
Healthy Habits
What is the trick to growing to your full height potential?
Sleeping 8 to 10 hours a Night

Healthy Habits such as a good night’s sleep and proper diet have a major impact on what three areas surrounding sports?
Strength, Agility, and Endurance

What does training allow for your body to do?
Build Stronger Bones, Bone Tissues, and Muscles;Test your Limit of Endurance
Physical Exam
What is involved in a physical examination?
Heart rate
Blood pressure
Height
Weight
Listening to heart and lungs
Test reflexes and vision
Know nutritional habits, physical activity, and family life
Healthy Diet
Your body burns fuel (food) to produce the energy you need and build strong muscles and bones.

Simple Carbohydrates
Foods with refined sugar and white flour
Examples of Simple Carbohydrates:
Soft Drinks, Cookies, Cakes, Doughnuts
Complex Carbohydrates
Energy Builders
Examples of Complex Carbohydrates:
Whole Grains, Fruits, Vegetables
Proteins
Helps body build and repair damaged tissue
Example of Proteins:
Fish, Poultry, Pork, Beef, Eggs, Beans, and Nuts
Saturated Fats
Made of meat and dairy fats – unhealthy fats
Increase Cholesterol and Risk of Heart Disease
Unsaturated Fats
Good for you fats
Come from Plant Oils
Trans Fats
Difficult for the body to use
Used to make french fries, doughnuts, crackers, and cookies
Water
Helps to Keep Your Body Hydrated: 8-10 Glasses of Water a Day

Helps you Stay Energized, Deal w/ Hot and Cold Temperatures, and Digest Food

By The Time You Feel Thirsty… You are Already Dehydrated

Can You Have Too Much Water?
Hyponatremia - Over Hydration
Water Intoxication – when body’s water and sodium/electrolyte levels are off balance
Solution:
Drink both fresh water and sports drinks to rehydrate and replace electrolytes
Training
Includes:
warming up, cooling down, stretching muscles, weight training

What Does a Warm Up Allow For?
Muscles, ligaments, and tendons in body to literally warm up and prepare for activity
Stretches muscles and connecting tissues to decrease likelihood of strain or tearing

How Long Should a Warm Up Last?
10 to 15 minutes
Muscle Groups
large muscles

small muscles

Quadriceps:
front of each thigh

Hamstring:
back of each thigh

Bicep:
front of each upper arm

Triceps:
back of each upper arm

Calf:
behind the lower portion of each leg
Warm Ups
Increase your flexibility

Faster nerve impulses to allow for faster reflexes

More oxygen to your muscles

Increase your heart rate slowly
Example Warm Up
Necessary for every muscle to be included!
Five Minute Stretching Activity:
Chest Stretch
Tricep Stretch
Quad Stretch
Lower Back Stretch
Inner Thigh Stretch
Calf Stretch
Hamstring Stretch
Aerobic Warm Up
Jog around slowly for 10 minutes
Cycle or Walk at slow brisk pace
Reasons to Weight Train
Make muscles stronger to avoid injury

What is the difference between a heavy weight lifter and lifting weights for sports?
You are not wanting to look bigger.
You need to use lighter weights, with more repetitions to increase strength and power for the movements in your sport.
You want your muscles to learn a motion so you are quicker on the field in competition.
Amateur vs Professional
Amateur athletes compete for physical, mental, and social benefits.

Professional athletes compete for not only the love of the sport, but for compensation through prizes and money.

Professional athletes hold no other job, their sport is their job.

Amateur athletes, such as those in high school and college, can be forced to quit the team if they are known to be taking gifts or money for their achievements on the court/field.
Sportsmanship
What are the traits for good sportsmanship?
Respect for
Teammates
Coaches
Officials
Spectators
Accepting a poor decision and not getting upset about it and becoming violent

Showing good sportsmanship takes using the Scout Oath and helping others at all times, and being cheerful in competition.
Team Leader
Strong member of the team who can lead

Influences team members to work toward a common goal

Powerful way to lead is by example
Think team plays better when you work as a team, not as an individual

Motivate team through play, but also are good friends on and off the field
Sports Etiquette
Unwritten rules
Not going to get a penalty if these rules are broken, but are still equally important

Wise idea:
Always play to Win, But Don’t be a Sore Loser

Sports spectators must also abide by these rules…even though fans can get out of hand sometimes

Don't argue with referees.
Various Sports
Baseball
The American Pastime
Started in streets and fields of small town America
Builds quick reflexes, coordination, and keen anticipation
Speed is essence of baseball when running basis, lower body must be developed
Arms, shoulders, and back developed from hitting and throwing the baseball
Ball is thrown from pitcher to catcher from the pitchers mound to home plate
Batter must hit between the first and third base lines (foul lines)
Umpire declares whether the ball was a strike (meaning it was able to be hit) or a ball (the ball was unable to be hit)
Three strikes ends the batters turn for that rotation
Four balls allows batter to advance to first base automatically.
A ball hit in fair territory over the fence is a homerun
Good pair of cleats
Batting helmet
Batting gloves
Bat
Socks
Baseball pants
Baseball
Jersey
Glove
Hat
Basketball
James Naismith created after challenging for an indoor sport to be created for years for the cold winter months
First game used a soccer ball being thrown into peach buckets attached close to the ceiling in 1891
Two hoops at opposite ends of the court
5 players on each team on the court at one time
Players dribble or pass the ball (without holding it and walking) down to the opposite end of the court to shoot at the basket to score
Most teams have a total of 10 on their roster
Ball can only be touched with hands, any other body part (example: feet) causes a violation
Free throws taken if violation occurs
Jump ball allows for game to begin or if a tie up occurs during the game the ball switches between who will gain possession
Court shoes
Jersey
Shorts
Socks
Basketball
2 hoops with backboards
Football
Mix of hard hitting physical contact with complex tactics and formations
Popular in high school, college, and professional leagues
Plays 11 players on field for each team at a time
Team usually consists of around 45 players total
4 quarters – 15 minutes each
Each play begins with both teams facing each other along scrimmage line
Players run or pass the ball to advance it up the field
Offensive players may use arms and hands to block opponents, but cannot hold onto them
Defender tries to stop opponent from catching ball
If ball crosses the goal line, a touchdown is scored for 6 points…if ball is kicked through field goal it is awarded 3 points
Football
Helmet
Mouth Piece
Should Pads
Cleats
Hip, thigh, tailbone, and knee pads
Athletic support (cup)
Jersey and football pants
Ice Hockey
Fast Game
Some pucks can travel over 100 miles per hour
Puck flies faster than speed of a car on the interstate
Game consists of 3, 20 minute periods
Each team has 6 players on ice at one time
Skaters advance by skating with the puck using their stick or passing it to another teammate
Penalties include off-sides and icing
Each period starts with a face-off
If player commits a penalty, sent to penalty box for 2 minutes
Stick
Jersey
Padded Hockey pants
Ice skates
Helmet
Mouth guard
Puck
Shoulder pads
Shin Guards
Socks
Soccer (European Football)
Worlds most popular game to watch and play
Only in United States for past 20 years (MLS)
Number 1 sport for children to participate in
19 million youth play ranging from ages 5 to 19
11 players from each team on field at one time
Game has 2, 45 minute halves
Goal is scored when whole ball crosses line of opposing goal
After each goal, opposite team has a kick off
After halftime, teams change ends of the field
Ball is in play except if it completely crosses sideline or goal-line
Player committing offsides allows opposing team to have indirect kick
Foul is called for handball and a kick is awarded
Jersey
Shorts
Socks
Cleats
Soccer Ball
2 Goals
Volleyball
Server stands behind end line and serves ball over net to opposing side
Players stand in 2 rows of three
Team has maximum of 3 hits to get ball to other side of the net, having it pass over the net to get there
Ball may be hit with any part of the body, but not hit 2 times by the same person in a row
Teams alternate court ends and serving after each set
A set is 1 points and a match is the best of 3 or 5 sets
Knee pads
Volleyball
Shorts
Jersey
Socks
Court shoes
Net
Merit Badge Requirements
Your Body - Your Engine
Training
What Is a Sport?
Playing a Sport
Personal Training
Every athlete starts from a different level.
Every athlete has different abilities.
Set your own personal goals to train and practice.
Avoiding and Treating Sports Injuries
Contusion
usually called bruises, but caused by impact that starts with internal bleeding, but does not ever break skin
Full transcript