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Gabriel Garcia Marquez

and analysis on "A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings"

Alik Manoogian

on 3 December 2015

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Transcript of Gabriel Garcia Marquez

"A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings"
After One Hundred Years of Solitude was published in 1967, he was awarded with international prizes:
The French Prix du Meilleur Livre Etranger
The Italian Premio Chianciano
The American Neustadt Prize
The Venezuelan Romulo Gallegos Prize
In 1982 he won the Nobel Prize for Literature
***Published multiple books and works of literature

("Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Biography")

"A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings"
Gabriel García Márquez
Other Influences
Early Life
Presentation Bibliography
Additional Resources
Bell-Villada, Gene H. García Márquez: The Man and His
Work. 2nd ed. Chapel Hill, NC: U of North Carolina, 2010. Questia School. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

Del Barco, Mandalit. “Writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez,
Who Gave Voice To Latin America, Dies.”
, 17 Apr. 2014. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

Fetters, Ashley. “The Origins of Gabriel García
Márquez’s Magic Realism.”
, 17 Apr. 2014. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

“Gabriel García Márquez - Biography.”
November 15, 2014. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

“Gabriel García Márquez.”
, 2014.
Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

“Gabriel García Márquez.”
, 2014. Web.
November 15, 2014.

“Gabriel García Márquez - Nobel Lecture: The Solitude
of Latin America.”
, 2014. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

García Márquez, Gabriel. “A Very Old Man with
Enormous Wings.” LMP English I Handout. Print. 2014.

H. Stone, Peter. "Gabriel Garcia Marquez, The Art of
Fiction No. 69."
, 2014. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

Kakutani, Michiko. “BOOKS OF THE TIMES; A Family
Haunted by Ghosts of History.”
, 11 Nov. 2003. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

Kandell, Jonathan. "Gabriel García Márquez, Conjurer of
Literary Magic, Dies at 87.”
, 17 Apr. 2014. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

Leopold, Todd. "Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Nobel Prize-
winning author, dies at 87."
, 21 Apr. 2014. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

White, Edmund. “Others had used magic realism.
García Márquez made the technique his own.”
, 17 Apr. 2014. Web. 15 Nov. 2014.

Later Life
"It always amuses me that the biggest praise for my work comes for the imagination, while the truth is that there’s not a single line in all my work that does not have a basis in reality. The problem is that Caribbean reality resembles the wildest imagination" ("Gabriel Garcia Marquez, The Art").
-Said in an interview put into
The Paris Review

"In my case, the only advantage in fame is that I have been able to give it a political use. Otherwise, it is quite uncomfortable" ("Gabriel Garcia Marquez, The Art").
-Said in an interview put into
The Paris Review

"I was asked the other day if I would be interested in the Nobel Prize, but I think that for me it would be an absolute catastrophe. I would certainly be interested in deserving it, but to receive it would be terrible. It would just complicate even more the problems of fame" ("Gabriel Garcia Marquez, The Art").
-Said in an interview put into
The Paris Review
Born in Aracataca, Columbia on March 6, 1928
A Colombian coast town that experienced boom after the arrival of a U.S. fruit company
*Later inspiration for his books*
("Writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez")

First of twelve children
His father had dropped out of medical school, had four children out of wedlock, and had strong conservative views, causing Marquez's grandfather to initially disapprove of the wedding
*Later inspiration for
Love in the Time of Cholera*

("Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Biography")

Marquez's mother was strong and resilient
*Later inspiration for female characters*

Garcia lived with his grandparents until he was eight, when his grandfather died

Garcia's grandfather was a retired colonel
Had fought in at least two Colombian civil conflicts
Told stories of his life
Had leftist political views

Garcia's grandmother was a storyteller
She told everything in a matter-of-fact way that
Garcia would later use in his writing
Provided inspiration for all of Garcia's knowledge on surreal South America with her stories

("Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Biogrpahy")
After the death of his grandfather, Garcia moved back to north central Colombia

He was sent to boarding school after a short time
Earned the nickname "The Old Man" since he was studious
Started to first express his stories through his comics

He was given a scholarship to a secondary school near Bogota, where he graduated from in 1946 wanting to pursue journalism

("Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Biography")
Attended the University of Bogota and forced to study law, by his family
Did not enjoy law at all since he had wanted to pursue journalism
In 1947, a literary supplement,
El Espectador
, published the first of ten of Marquez's short stories that they would publish
In 1948, a Colombian Liberal Party member was assassinated, initiating a civil strife, known as 'La Violencia'
In the second year of the conflict, the National University of Colombia closed down, forcing Marquez to relocate to the University of Cartagena
Marquez still studied law, but never completed his degree because he began to write journalism instead

("Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Biography")
"'I write mostly about the reality I know, about the reality of Latin America,' Garcia Marquez said. 'Any interpretation of this reality in literature must be political. I cannot escape my own ideology when I interpret reality in my books; it's inseparable.'"

("Writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez")
1950- Moved to Barranquilla
Wrote columns for a daily paper
Wrote his first novella, The Leaf Storm (Revised in 1952)
In 1955, a friend found it and had it published
1954- Returned to Bogota
Became a reporter and film reviewer at El Espectador
Wanted to reveal the corruption of the government
Wrote the story,
The Story of the Shipwrecked Sailor
, based off of an interview
The Colombian dictator was irritated and the company faced backlash from the government
El Espectador
was closed down
Marquez was sent to Europe where he lived in poverty
1957- Moved to Caracas, Venezuela working for a magazine
1958- Moved to Colombia, married, and had a son

("Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Biography")
*Wrote all throughout this time and finished writing
No One Writes to the Colonel
Founded a Colombian branch of Prensa Latina, a Cuban press agency
1961- Moved to New York City to work in the office, then later moving to New Orleans before finally settling in New Mexico with his family
One Hundred Years of Solitude
, his most famous work, was published
Moved to Barcelona, Spain with the success
1973- Returned to political activism
with support to left wing groups in Latin America, he supported Communist Cuban government and required special permission to enter the U.S.
1974- Returned to Colombia (wrote more and created a newspaper)
1981- Returned from a trip to Cuba and the Colombian government was going to arrest him, but faced backlash and humiliation
1982- Won the Nobel Prize in Literature
1995- Created the New Ibero-American Journalism in Cartagena

("Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Biography")
Additional Literary Works
William Faulkner (direct influences seen in
The Leaf Storm)
Virginia Woolf
Franz Kafka
James Joyce
Ernest Hemingway

("Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Biography")
One Hundred Years of Solitude
Love in the Time of Cholera
Chronicle of a Death Foretold
Memories of my Melancholy Whores
Of Love and Other Demons
No One Writes to Colonel and Other Stories
The Story of the Shipwrecked Sailor
Living to Tell the Tale
News of a Kidnapping
In Evil Hour
Leaf Storm
Clandestine in Chile: The Adventures of Miguel Littin
Strange Pilgrims
The General in His Labyrinth
No One Writes to Colonel
Seventeen Poisoned Englishmen
The Trail of Your Blood in the snow
The Third Resignation
A Country for Children
Tomas Sanchez
AND OTHER STORIES... all originally in Spanish and then translated

("Gabriel Garcia Marquez")
Figurative Language
Syntax and Diction Level
Tone and Mood
Use of Similes(Frequent):
"...that pitiful man who looked more like a huge decrepit hen among the fascinated chickens..." (Marquez 1)
"...the sands of the beach, which on March nights glimmered like powdered light..." (Marquez 1)
"...dragging himself about here and there like a stray dying man..." (Marquez 3)

Syntax: Mainly
Loose Sentence
but some
Periodic Sentences
(most sentences are medium length, some shorter or longer)
Diction Level: Neutral (higher level neutral diction)

Example: "Sea and sky were a single ash-gray thing and the sands of the beach, which on March nights glimmered like powdered light, had become a stew of mud and rotten shellfish" (Marquez 1).
Narrative Structure:
Short Story
Third Person Omniscient
Use of Magical Realism (also sub genre of)
"Fairy-tale telling" of events, but tells everything as a truth
Descriptive language with use of similes and adjectives
Matter-of-fact (due to influence from mother's story telling style)
"They both looked at the fallen body with a mute stupor. He was dressed like a ragpicker. There were only a few faded hairs left on his bald skull and very few teeth in his mouth, and his pitiful condition of a drenched great-grandfather took away any sense of grandeur he might have had" (Marquez 1).
Sad (leaves you sympathetic for the old man)
"He could scarcely eat and his antiquarian eyes had also become so foggy that he went about bumping into posts. All he had left were the bare cannulae of his last feathers" (Marquez 3).
Huffington Post: Death of Marquez
"On the third day of rain they had killed so many crabs inside the house that Pelayo had to cross his drenched courtyard and throw them into the sea, because the newborn child had a temperature all night and they thought it was due to the stench. The world had been sad since Tuesday. Sea and sky were a single ash gray thing and the sands of the beach, which on March nights glimmered like powdered light, had become a stew of mud and rotten shellfish. The light was so weak at noon that when Pelayo was coming back to the house after throwing away the crabs, it was hard for him to see what it was that was moving and groaning in the rear of the courtyard. He had to go very close to see that it was an old man, a very old man, lying face down in the mud, who, in spite of his tremendous efforts, couldn’t get up, impeded by his enormous wings" (Marquez 1).
There is a struggle and balance between compassion and cruelty in life.

People will believe what they want for their own personal convenience.
Symbols and Motifs
"Four of the stories—'The Saint,' 'I Sell My Dreams,' 'The Ghosts of August,' and 'Light Is Like Water'—represent García Márquez’s signature narrative device and subgenre of magical realism. Their miracles, supernatural events, or at least amazing facts and occurrences are reported straight, as plausible happenings, sans doubts or uncertainties as to their believability" (Bell-Villada 145).
Wings: Show age and disease (go against standard meaning and symbol)
The Spider Women: Show people's motivation for their own self interest since they go to look at the Spider Women instead of the angel just because her story is easier to sympathize with

Prosperity: Pelayo and Elisenda make decisions solely based on wealth and profit gain
Full transcript