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Alfred Nobel

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Alex Digati

on 19 December 2013

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Transcript of Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel
Born on October 21, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden.
Father : Immanuel Nobel
Mohter : Caroline Nobel
Fourth born child
Siblings : Ludvig Nobel, Emil Oskar Nobel, Robert Nobel
His father was a skilled engineer and inventor'

What Did Alfred Nobel Invent?
Gelignite :
a high explosive made from a gel of nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose in a base of wood pulp and sodium or potassium nitrate, used particularly for rock blasting.
Did He Win Any Awards?
Awards: John Fritz Medal
-The John Fritz Medal is since 1902 yearly awarded by the American Association of Engineering Societies for "outstanding scientific or industrial achievements". The medal was created for John Fritz's 80th birthday, who lived between 1822 and 1913.
Who was Alfred Nobel?
A Swedish chemist, engineer, and innovator.
The inventor of dynamite.
Held more than 350 patents
Owner of several companies which dominated the explosives industry.
By the time of his death in December 1896 he was one of the world's wealthiest men.
The Early Years
In 1842 the family moved to St. Petersburg, Russia
He had private tutors in Russia
mastered chemistry
Fluent in English, Italian, French, German, Russian and his native language, Swedish
he worked at his father's arms factory
Dynamite :
a high explosive consisting of nitroglycerine mixed with an absorbent material and typically molded into sticks.
Studied with chemist Nikolai Zinin and then in 1850, went to Paris to further the work
Travailed to the United States at the age of 18 for 4 years to study chemistry
For a short time he worked with and under inventor John Ericsson, who designed the American Civil War ironclad
He filed his first patent, for a gas meter, in 1857
Why Did He Work With Explosives?
In 1864, a deadly explosion killed his younger brother
Deeply effected by this he created Dynamite because it is a safer explosive then then what they had
His Death
Died At Age 63
December 10, 1896
Died in Sanremo, Italy from a cerebral haemorrhage
He never Married
The Noble Prize
His will stated his enormous fortune was to be used to establish prizes to award those who had done their best to benefit mankind i the following categories:
He had 355 patents worldwide and he had started 87 companies all over the world, so these supplied the money for the awards
The first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901
After his death, in 1901, another prize was added "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel"
-In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden's central bank) established the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. The Prize is based on a donation received by the Nobel Foundation in 1968 from Sveriges Riksbank on the occasion of the Bank's 300th anniversary. The first Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen in 1969.
any of six international prizes awarded annually for outstanding work in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, economics (since 1969), and the promotion of peace. The Nobel Prizes, first awarded in 1901, were established by the will of Alfred Nobel and are traditionally awarded on December 10, the anniversary of his death. The awards are decided by boards of deputies appointed by Swedish learned societies and, in the case of the peace prize, by the Norwegian Parliament.
What Is It?
How Did It Come About And Where Does
The Money Come From?
Full transcript