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Knights of labor

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mikaela hank

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of Knights of labor

Knights of labor
VS.
AFL
By Mikaela Marie Hank.
Mini Project for APUSH
Knights of labor.
One of the most important early labor organizations in the United States the knights of labor allowed the works to effectively negotiate with big corporations. The knights of labor aimed for one big brother hood rather then separated unions based on skills and jobs. The knights of labor were founded in 1869 by tailors in Philadelphia. At this time they were a small, secret organization with a strong protestant influence. A decade later when Terence V. Powderly is elected as head the organization changes. Now, with a new catholic leader, the group is open to anyone but bankers, gamblers, lawyers, and saloon keepers.
Knights of labor
During the pinnacle of the KOL they had over 700,000 members. They won huge victories against the Union pacific railroad in 1884 and the Wabash railroad in 1885. The knights of labor are also reasonable for the first labor Day, that they celebrated in 1882. The hay market square riot in Chicago marked the decline of this union from power.

This union focused on a vary broad view and push for change. They strive to improve the work place as a whole rather then in just one art or job.
AFL
The AFL slowly took over after the knight of labor. Several of their members were even former knights of labor. Contradictory to the KOL the AFL broke down into specific unions for different skills and jobs under a wider union name and head. The first president was Samuel Gompers from 1850-1924, but for 1895. He belied labor had the most to gain by organization of skilled worker. Gompers also advocated agreement between the employees and the employers that would spell out every thing from wages to work hours. To be a member you had to pay a small fee.
What did they have in common?
Both of these labor unions strove to shorten the work day and the increase the pay. They also were the most powerful unions during their height and included many different crafts and workplaces then just select few. They also both acted as the coordinate for the events that their people did. As labor unions they both achieved some of their goals while others went unarchived leading to their sucess as a labor union.
INFO CAME FROM....
both hand outs on the AFL and the Knights of labor.

The text book

Background on labor unions
in the 1820's craft works gathered to from unions to protest the increasing use of unskilled workers for work the had at one point required skilled workers. These organizations were local though and did not have a far reach. It was in 1834 that the first national organization was formed, named the national trades union. In 1852 unions started to take a large hold once more. In the decades that followed many unions were formed with many members for a diverse assembly of perforations nation wide.
AFL Goals
PLATFORM
A platform for social and economic change

rejection of strikes as a negotation tool
8 hour work day
abolition of child labor
improved safety
equal pay for men and wemon
compensation for on job injury

They also favored cooperatively run workshops and stores.
The AFL strove to...

increase workers pay
reduce hours
improve working conditions
skill workers earn more then unskilled workers.
achieve workers immediate demands
work together to achieve goal
gain power and support
strategies
the knights of labor would campaign for change in the work place rather then working directly with the employers to work out a deal. By campaigning they brought more people then just their members into the movement. Campaigning also effected all work places not just a select few.
strategies
strikes
labor press
stationed in large cities.
Full transcript