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History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language

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Rachel Viglianco

on 1 January 2014

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Transcript of History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language

History of Greek and Latin Influences
The English Language
100 B.C.
Roman Empire
*Educated people in
western part of
Roman Empire spoke Latin
711 A.D.
North Africans invaded Spain and brought Greek books from Egyptian libraries. This made Greek literature available in Europe, including Britain.
1400's
English started to be used in
schools, but Latin was still taught.
1500-1650
The Renaissance (rebirth) was a time when the classical works of ancient Rome and Greece were highly prized

They tried to replicate the styles and languages (Latin and Greek)

English schools taught Latin

All educated Europeans learned Latin
17th-20th Century
Roman Catholic Church
continued to use Latin

English continued to
incorporate Latin and
Greek words into
everyday language.
Spain, Italy, France, Portugal

Spanish, Italian, French, and Portuguese all descended from Latin and are called "Romance" (Roman) languages
43 A.D. Roman Emperor Caesar conquers Britain
Invaders brought their language, Anglo-Saxon, to Britain
500 A.D. Romans left Britain; empire diminishing
Britain officially became Christian and the official church language was Latin
871-899 A.D.
King Alfred the Great of Britain had major works translated into Latin: grammar terms, plant names, medical terms, etc
1066 A.D.
William the Conqueror invaded Britain. This was called the Norman Conquest, named after the place in France William came from: Normandy.

Official language of government, schools, and noblemen became French (which is Latin based).
1453
Turkey conquered Constantinople which made ancient Greek works available to Europeans.
Let's take a look at some words we use today!
Full transcript