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History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language
Transcript of History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language
The English Language
*Educated people in
western part of
Roman Empire spoke Latin
North Africans invaded Spain and brought Greek books from Egyptian libraries. This made Greek literature available in Europe, including Britain.
English started to be used in
schools, but Latin was still taught.
The Renaissance (rebirth) was a time when the classical works of ancient Rome and Greece were highly prized
They tried to replicate the styles and languages (Latin and Greek)
English schools taught Latin
All educated Europeans learned Latin
Roman Catholic Church
continued to use Latin
English continued to
incorporate Latin and
Greek words into
Spain, Italy, France, Portugal
Spanish, Italian, French, and Portuguese all descended from Latin and are called "Romance" (Roman) languages
43 A.D. Roman Emperor Caesar conquers Britain
Invaders brought their language, Anglo-Saxon, to Britain
500 A.D. Romans left Britain; empire diminishing
Britain officially became Christian and the official church language was Latin
King Alfred the Great of Britain had major works translated into Latin: grammar terms, plant names, medical terms, etc
William the Conqueror invaded Britain. This was called the Norman Conquest, named after the place in France William came from: Normandy.
Official language of government, schools, and noblemen became French (which is Latin based).
Turkey conquered Constantinople which made ancient Greek works available to Europeans.
Let's take a look at some words we use today!