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Chapter 2 - Section 2 - The First Civilizations

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by

Ben Robinson

on 8 December 2016

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Transcript of Chapter 2 - Section 2 - The First Civilizations

Look!
The Rise of Civilization

Hunter-Gatherer Bands
Simple Farming Villages
Complex Villages
Cities
Leaders
Workers
Organized - civilization
I think I see Sumer!
5 Traits of a Civilization:
places to store and trade surplus
large temples for prayer
Civilizations provide what other areas cannot
2. Specialized Workers...
made armor and weapons
priests and kings
Jobs other than farming
3. Complex Institutions...
religion and government
schools
Helping society meet its needs
4. Record Keeping...
measure food supplies
written records
Keeping track for the future
5. Improved Technology...
new tools and materials
bronze weapons
Consistently Improving
You've got to see
the social classes!

Kings and Priests
Landowners, Government Officials and Rich Merchants
Artisans and Farmers
"free people"
Slaves
Sumerian
Social Classes
Sumerian Women
own land
merchants
artisans
raising children
priestesses
I can see
their inventions

Priest ran the irrigation system
People payed the Priest with grain
Priest controlled the surplus
Priest controlled the wealth of the city-state
Sumerians come to
us to ask God for help.
We tell Sumerians
how to act.
Center of trade, learning and religion
Euphrates River
Fertile Soil
Farming
Surplus
walled city-state
reeds
mud
bricks
We have many Gods and Goddesses-Polytheism
Our Gods
are of the...
sky, wind,
hills and
fresh water
We claim to have influence over the gods and can prevent bad things from happening.
Sometime city-states were attacked
I'll protect the city-state!
Just make
me your leader!
I'll lead
the people and be your King!
We'll keep evil away!
Farm Tool
plow
The Wheel
Sumerian Mathematics
recording crops and trade
Pictographs
Cuneiform
Scribes
Chapter 2 - Section 2
The king will
maintain the canals.
The king will manage
the grain surplus
The king will
act as judge.
1. Advanced Cities...
Write the 5 things that make this ancient Mesopotamian city different than the old simple farming village.
Rate the
Trait Great
Debate
1. Read through each of the 5 Trait of a Civilization

2. Write at least 2 reasons why each trait is the most important

3. Choose the trait that you think is the most important

4.
Ready
-
Set
-
Debate
Full transcript