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Chapter 16

The South and the Slavery Controversy
by

Rebekah Clay

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 16

The South and the Slavery Controversy
Michael West and Rebekah Clay
Time Line
Presidents During 1793 - 1860
George Washington
Primary Document
5+7=
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
Years
Political Party
Domestic Events
Foreign Policy
Foreign Issues
1789 - 1797
Did not believe in (Federalist)
Whiskey's Rebellion (1793)
Bank of the United States (1793)
French Revolution (1789 - 1799)
War between France and Britain.
French alliance. We claim neutrality.
John Adams
5+7=
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
Years
Political Party
Domestic Events
Foreign Policy
Foreign Issue
1797 - 1801
Federalist
Alien and Sedition Acts
XYZ Affair
France and England in the middle of a war
Thomas Jefferson
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
Years
Political Party
Domestic Events
Foreign Policy
Foreign Issues
1801 - 1809
Republican
Louisiana Purchase
Louisiana Purchase
Napoleon becomes Emperor (1804) and later occupies Spain (1808)
James Madison
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
years
political party
domestic events
foreign policy
foreign issues
1809 - 1817
republican
Louisiana admitted
War of 1812
No policies are made during his presidency
James Monroe
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
Resources
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
Martin van Buren
William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
James Polk
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan
Chapter 16 Essential Questions:
1.How diverse was the South’s economy, and what was its unifying feature?
2.How did dependence on agriculture and slavery shape the distinctive culture of the Old South? Why did southern whites who did not hold slaves defend the “peculiar institution”?
3.What led to the antislavery movement? How did white southerners respond to it?
4.How did enslaved people respond to their bondage during the antebellum period? How did free persons of color fit into Southern society?
Economy of the South
The South's Economy was agricultural and based on one crop, cotton. The major way of obtaining the vast quantities of cotton grown in the feilds was slavery. This was common across all southern states.
The "Old South"
The "Old South" was a very much divided society and culture. This major divide was influenced greatly by the ownership of slaves for agricultural purposes.
Only about 100 families had major amounts of slaves, thus separating them into a sort of aristocracy of political and social power.
"The American Dream" Gone Wrong
Not all southern white farmers had slaves
these people were in constant hopes of
obtaining slaves to promote themselves in
southern society. This dream of owning slaves
kept the idea of slave owning alive even though
they did not own slaves themselves.
Anti-slavery Movement
Organizations such as the American Colonization Society pushed for antislavery movements across the US and the freeing of slaves. Also, newspapers and books such as "The Liberator" and "Uncle Tom's Cabin" showed the hardships of slavery and promoted its abolishment.
White Southern Planters Response
Many farmers did not enjoy the talks about the abolishment of slavery. So, the Virginia legislature debated and eventually defeated various emancipation proposals. After this, slaves states started tightening their codes on slavery and moved to prohibit any talk of emancipation of any kind.
Slave Views on Slavery
Slaves did not like slavery. (Nah-Duh) Slaves performed revolts such as the 1831 revolt led by the slave Nat Turner. He led an uprising that killed sixty 'whites' in Virginia. Women and children were among the most in death tolls that day.
Freeman in Society
Freemen did not fit into traditional Old Southern Society. Many owned property and some even owned slaves. Free Blacks in the South were considered "a third race". Free blacks were also unpopular in the North as well.
Full transcript