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Repiratory System By Riley Connor & Jace Duty
Transcript of Repiratory System By Riley Connor & Jace Duty
National Geographic. "Lungs, Lungs Information, Breathing Facts, News, Photos -- National Geographic." Lungs, Lungs Information, Breathing Facts, News, Photos -- National Geographic. National Geographic. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. <http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-body/lungs-article.html>.
Science Museum of Minnesota. "Habits of the Heart: The Lungs." Habits of the Hearth: The Lungs. Science Museum of Minnesota, 2000. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. <http://www.smm.org/heart/lungs/top.html>.
Science for Kids. "Fun Lung Facts for Kids - Interesting Facts about Lungs." Science for Kids - Fun Experiments, Cool Facts, Online Games, Activities, Projects, Ideas, Technology. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. <http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/humanbody/lungs.html>.
Meeks, Linda, and Philip Heit. "Unit 3, Lesson 11- The Amazing Body." Totally Awesome Health. New York: Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, 2003. 102-03. Print. Respiratory Disease Inflammatory Obstructive Restrictive Tract infections Tumors The most common form of this is asthma. This is where inflammation in the airways causes airflow to be slowed
down, interrupted, or stopped in severe cases. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is a major obstructive disease. It is a mix of chronic bronchitis and emphysema It is caused when bronchioles are damaged from smoking, pollluted air, or even genetic factors. Once they are damaged, they begin to narrow which makes it harder to breathe. Seek Medical help for respiratory infections Sit, stand, and walk with correct posture The Lungs Strengthens the Diaphram muscle (it pushes the air in and out)
Makes it easier to breathe You don't take in as much oxygen per breath
Particles and harmful gases in the air get caught in your lungs Harmful chemicals enter and damage your lungs
Increased risk of cancer and other diseases You can become weaker
Makes it easier for other infections to enter in
Your lungs can become damaged It opens up your airways making it easier to breathe Example- Asthma
Causes- Moist environment, Tobacco Smoke, and genetics
It happens when inflammation in the airways cuts off airflow Example- COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
Causes- Any sort of noxious gas or particle
The larger airways are damaged causing them to narrow or particles are deposited in the aveoli which decreases oxygen intake. Example- IRDS (Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome)
Lungs become stiff which causes incomplete air intake Example- Upper- Tonsilitis
The tonsils become infected by a virus or bacteria
Example- Lower- Pneumonia
Fluid collects in the aveoli of the lower lungs Malignant tumors (lethal)
Example- Small Cell Lung Cancer
Causes- Tobacco smoke, environmental factors and genetic traits
Certain factors speed up mitosis of the Cancer cells. This forms tumors which eat away at the affected organs Trachea Also know as the windpipe, the trachea is what gets the air into your lungs. Bronchi Two tubes that stems off the trachea into either lung. Bronchioles The tubes that branch off the bronchi and carry the air further into the lung. Aveoli Tiny airsacs on the end of the bronchioles that filter the oxygen into the bloodstream and carbon-dioxide out by way of diffusion. Pleura Cavity A cavity that surrounds each lung that contains pleura fluid and covers any nerves, tubes or blood vessels that go into the lungs Diaphram The muscle below the lungs that controls airflow in and out of the lungs Pulmonary vessels The veins and arteries that carry oxygenated blood to the heart and deoxygenated blood to the lungs