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Macbeth vs. Robert Mugabe
Transcript of Macbeth vs. Robert Mugabe
Macbeth vs. Robert Mugabe
Taking a closer look on how Shakespeare's "Macbeth" compares to a dictator in the Real World.
By Cassidy Nadeau and Stephanie Hare
Who Is Robert Mugabe?
Robert Mugabe was born February 21/1924 in Kutama, Southern Rhodesia, just months after Southern Rhodesia had become a British Crown Colony. As a result of this new colonization, his village was oppressed by new laws and faced limitations towards jobs and educations.
As a young child he received good education by attending a local Jesuit under supervision of school Director, Father O'Hea. Robert Mugabe is said to have considered Father O'Hea a mentor, whom believed 'all should be equally and allowed education to fulfillment of abilities.'
Through Robert Mugabe's education at his local Jesuit, he was inspired to become a teacher and help those he could.
Who is Macbeth?
In the Beginning
Macbeth is introduced as Thane of Glamis, a brave warrior defending Scotland on the battlefield. After slaying Macdonwald, Macbeth is to be renamed Thane of Cawdor.
The Creation of Believing in Prophecies
As Macbeth and Banquo return to their King, they are stopped by 3 witches. These witches state that Macbeth is now Thane of Cawdor and that one day he will be King. Turning to Banquo they state that he will not be King, but one day his children will be. Before Macbeth could question these apparations any further... they disappeared into the night.
Bettering the Future
Over the course of 9 years, Robert Mugabe studied privately and also taught within many mission schools in Southern Rhodesia. Throughout many years he was able to graduate with a Bachelor of Arts in history and English, followed economics. In Ghana, he declared himself a Maxist, supporting the Ghanaian government's goal of providing equal education opportunities to the formerly designated lower class.
In 1960, Robert Mugabe finally returned home after helping poor education in other countries. When returning home he realized Southern Rhodesia drastically changed. The governement had now denied black majority rule, which was resulting in violent protests. In July after returning Robert Mugabe addressed a crowd at the "March of 7000" telling them how Ghana had achieved independence through Marxism.
Beginning of a New Career
A few weeks later Robert Mugabe was elected public secretary of National Democratic Party. He quickly assembled militant youth to spread the word about Black rights. The party was banned at the end of 1961. Holding onto Father O'Hea's beliefs on equality, Robert Mugabe did not give up, he continued to push for change. Mugabe furthered his protest publicly declaring to police "We are taking over this country and we will not put up with this nonsense.".
A Bump in The Road
Due to rallying the Black population against a British crown government, Robert Mugabe was thrown in jail for defying authorities. While in prison, Mugabe still did not give up. He had secret communications to launch a guerilla operation toward freeing Southern Rhodesia from British rule. In 1974, white Prime Minister Ian Smith allowed Robert Mugabe to attend a conference. During this "field trip" Mugabe escaped and fled back to home borders.
Becoming a Nation's Hero
After escaping prison, Robert Mugabe assembled troops and continued to rally his case. The British finally agreed and the United Nations lifted the sanction. In 1980, South Rhodesia became what is now known as Zimbabwe (running under ZANU party banner). Robert Mugabe was elected Prime Minister and started to rebuild their failing economy.
A New Beginning
After 7 years of being Prime Minister, Robert Mugabe finally became President of Zimbabwe in 1987. Robert Mugabe promised to turn around his country's economic state and make everything equal. Throughout the next few decades, he reclaimed the land given to all whites and says 'to level out the economic playing field for disenfranchised black majority' these actions are mandatory. Once hailed for leading a nation to independence, he is now questioned on his political strategies
Hero to Tyrant
To this day, Robert Mugabe is still president of Zimbabwe. Throughout the years he has stolen back many industrial farmlands given to the whites, accused of changing ballot votes for elections, tortured and killed political oppositions (multiple times), and has driven his country into poverty. Many times the statement has been made that the presidency votes do not reflect what the people of Zimbabwe truly hope for. Purely through manipulation and cruelity, Mugabe has held onto his political position.
Robert Mugabe has held onto his political position through threats and manipulation. At first, he captured the hearts of South Rhodesia and led them to freedom. Now he holds them in fear with a "twisted obsession" with equality that is inaccurate. Overtaken with success, it is hard to let go of what you fought for. Clearly Robert Mugabe believes the whites of Zimbabwe still owe their country depth to be paid. Pain for pain..
Important Quotes to Better Understanding
"The only white man you can trust is a dead white man"
"It may be necessary to use methods other then constitutional ones"
"If standing for my people's aspirations makes me a Hitler, let me be a Hitler a thousand times."
Also has publicly stated he will do anything to hold onto his political position until the day he dies.
Introduced into the play as a hero from the battlefield, Macbeth is praised for his loyalty to Scotland. Known originally as the Thane of Glamis, he is married to Lady Macbeth who is as cold as they come. Tempted by the dark, Macbeth must one day choose a path. To better his country? Or to better himself?
The Prophecy is verified
Not long after Macbeth and Banquo had met the witches, Ross comes in and verifies to Macbeth he is now to be Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth becomes obsessed with these phrophecies, speculating if the next will come true. If he will truly become King. Will it fall into his hands? Or will he need to preform a dark deed to gain to crown.
Praises from Duncan
Back where the King awaits, Macbeth and Banquo arrive. Duncan praises these lords for their bravery on the battle field. Duncan also announces his son, Malcolm, will become the heir to his throne. Macbeth cannot stop thinking about how he will come into the hands of the crown, now realizing Malcolm is the only thing standing between them.
Macbeth soon tells his wife of the witches prophecies. Blood lust and greed driven, Lady Macbeth immediately speculates a plan to assassin the King that night as he sleeps in their castle, so the crown may be theirs. Macbeth has no real ambition (other than his own) to kill Duncan. Worried about consequences, Macbeth must decide. Lady Macbeth says "If we are bold, we will be successful".
The First Murder
Killing Duncan in his sleep and then framing the crime on the chamberlains, Lord and Lady Macbeth flee the scene just as Macduff and Lennox arrive. Soon to find out the King has been murdered in his sleep. Lady Macbeth pretends as if she is shocked, as those surrounding decide the Chamberlains must have killed their King.
Duncan's sons quickly decide to flee incase whoever killed their father, will be after them next. This causes many to think perhaps the sons are the murders. The next heir to crown will be the "loyal" Macbeth. The only thing on his mind now is 'who may steal my title from me'. Driven by paranoia of prophecies, Macbeth hires men to kill off both Banquo and his son Fleance. Fortunetly, Fleance escapes from Macbeths hunchmens work.
The Paranoia Continues
Macbeth became so over driven by power that he was terrified to loose it. After already murdering the King and one of his closest friends, Banquo, Macbeth is relentless in letting anyone get in his way. He continues to see the witches to see any new prophecies that may harm his new position (continuously believing the witches had the answers and his wife would have the plan).
After hearing that Malcolm and Macduff are heading to the King of England to hopefully save their country from this new found tyrant, Macbeth sends men to murder Lady Macduff and his children. When Macduff hears what has happened, he declares he will have revenge.
Macbeth drove himself to insanity by believing in the witches prophecies. By being paranoid, he lead himself into an early death (being slain by Macduff). He believed to rid of the problem, he must kill. Once he did it the first time, it seemed like the only simple solution. If Macbeth had not became frantic, over driven by success, lead by his wife into wrongs, or over powered... He may have achieved being King naturally.
"Let not light see my black and deep desires" Macbeth said as he fought with the thought of murdering Duncan
Killing anybody who may possibly get in his way of the Crown.
Putting his own slef motivations above those of his country.
Blamed: guards, Banquo, Macduff
Believes in the prophecies more than he should. Starts to loose sleep over this.
Due to paranoia, he overthinks and drives himself insane to figure out the meanings of prophecies.
Killing those who get in his way of holding onto presidency (opposing parties)
Manipulates those around him to believe that he is making the right choices (though selfish) he demands an unjust and unbalanced equality
The white descendants (especially Britain blood)
The white will overtake his country if he is not running it.
Becoming obsessed with revenge and equality, he becomes driven to make the whites pay back the damage they have done to his country in the past.
Macbeth vs. Robert Mugabe
Does Shakespeare accurately capture what life is like under a tyranny?
Yes, we believe Shakespeare did capture what life is under a tyranny because his Macbeth character is just as manipulative, insecure, and afraid like Robert Mugabe. Once coming into power, both had unfortunately became over run with a different sort of obsession. This lead both down paths that held personal actions instead of their country.
Does Macbeth's paranoia and bloodlust parallel the brutality of these modern tyrants?
Yes, we believe it does because both Macbeth and Robert Mugabe were willing to kill anyone who stood in the way of their titles (Macbeth's crown; Mugabe's presidency) without even thinking of the evil they are committing. Killing eventually became a natural part of their strategies in succeeding.