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Copy of Greek Mythology

english 9
by

Caitlin Casey

on 11 May 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Greek Mythology

EPICS, QUESTS &
GREEK MYTHOLOGY

Copy the notes when you see the pencil.
Definition: long narrative poems that tell the adventures of heroes who, in some way, embody the values of their civilizations.

Passed down by Oral Tradition and were sometimes performed to music or with actors

The Greeks for centuries used "The Illiad" and "The Odyssey" in schools to teach Greek virtues.
Epic Poems
The Greeks and Romans believed that life was much too complicated to be controlled by only one god.

They created other gods, each with a distinct job, to take part in the affairs of everyday life.

They were not perfect: were often vain and short-tempered, sometimes deceitful, and not always fair with one another.
Gods and Goddesses
Science

Religion

Entertainment
3 Functions of Ancient Greek
and Roman Myths
Oral Tradition: Stories were passed from one generation to the next by what is called oral tradition

The stories were recited by storytellers who retained the basic plots while adding, changing, and often exaggerating details.

Although myths and legends appear in all cultures, “Classical Mythology” comes from ancient Greece and Rome.
Myths
Definition: stories that use fantasy to express ideas about life that can’t be expressed easily in realist terms.

Myths are essentially religious because they are concerned with the relationship between human beings and the unknown or spiritual realm.

The first myths and legends were created before writing systems were invented.
Myths
1. Relates the great deeds of an epic hero while withholding judgement
2. A vast setting that includes much of the known world but also the underworld
3. Action such as a quest or journey requiring superhuman ability and courage
4. Evidence of supernatural forces
5. Begins "in Medias Res": in the middle of the action
6. Episodes begin with an invocation to the muse:
EX. "Achilles' wrath, to Greece the direful spring/Of woes unnumber'd, heavenly goddess, sing"

Characteristics of Epics
Science: They explained the natural phenomena, such as the changing of the seasons and the fertility of the earth.
(Explanatory myth = explain a story)

Religion: They recounted the activities of gods and goddesses who were worshiped devoutly.
(Religious Myth)

Entertainment: They provided entertainment for readers and listeners.
(Aesthetic Myth = entertain)
3 Functions of Ancient Greek
and Roman Myths
Ancient Greeks and Romans needed explanations for their surroundings.

To find answers to life’s mysteries, the ancient Greeks and Romans invented gods and goddesses.

Everything that humans saw or experienced was explained by the whims or plans of these immortal beings.
Greek Mythology: Background
They lived on the summit of Mount Olympus in northeastern Greece.

They controlled the destiny of mortals and quarreled amongst themselves.

They could change into any creature, but they usually took human forms.
Gods and Goddesses
Definition: long narrative poems that tell the adventures of heroes who in some way embody the values of their civilizations.

The Greeks for centuries used the Illiad and the Odyssey in schools to teach Greek virtues.
Epics
The Greeks and Romans saw that life was much too complicated to be controlled by only one god.
They created other gods, each with a distinct job, to take part in the affairs of everyday life.
They were not perfect.
They were often vain and short-tempered, sometimes deceitful, and not always fair with one another.
Gods and Goddesses
Science

Religion

Entertainment
3 Functions of Ancient Greek and Roman Myths
Definition: stories that use fantasy to express ideas about life that can’t be expressed easily in realist terms.
Myths are essentially religious because they are concerned with the relationship between human beings and the unknown or spiritual realm.
The first myths and legends were created before writing systems were invented.
Myths
Greek Mythology
Characteristics of an epic include:
A physical impressive hero of national or historical importance.
A vast setting involving not only much of the known world but also the underworld.
Action such as a quest or journey requiring superhuman ability and courage.
Evidence of supernatural forces.
Epics
They lived on the summit of Mount Olympus in northeastern Greece.
They controlled the destiny of mortals and quarreled among themselves.
They could change into any creature, but they usually took human forms.
Gods and Goddesses
They explained the natural phenomena, such as the changing of the seasons and the fertility of the earth. (explanatory myth- explain a story)
They recounted the activities of gods and goddesses who were worshiped devoutly. (religion myth)
They provided entertainment for readers and listeners. (Aesthetic myth-entertain)
3 Functions
They were passed from one generation to the next by what is called the “oral tradition”; the stories were recited by storytellers who retained the basic plots while adding, changing, and often exaggerating details.
Although myths and legends appear in all cultures, “Classical mythology” comes from ancient Greece and Rome.
Myths
Ancient Greeks and Romans needed explanations for their surroundings. They didn’t have scientists and books.
To find answers to life’s mysteries, the ancient Greeks and Romans invented gods and goddesses.
Everything that humans saw or experienced was explained by the whims or plans of these immortal beings. For example, the sun could symbolize a powerful god.
Background
Characteristics Quest/The Hero's Journey
EX: -the sun could symbolize a powerful god.

-the weather could symbolized the emotions of the gods.
Epic Hero: Undertakes a quest to achieve something of tremendous value to his society. This journey usually decides the fate of a nation or culture.
Characteristics:
Superhuman Qualities/Physically Impressive
Usually of noble birth, unique heritage/ancestry or historical importance
Protects his/her people and their ideals
Possesses the characteristics/traits most valued by that society
EPIC HERO
Video of Gods & Goddesses
Takes Notes on Each Olympian
Creation of Greek Gods
Takes Notes on the story
Characteristics of a Quest
5. ALLIES/HELPERS:Every hero needs a helper...Without the assistance of their companions and helpers along the way, most heroes would fail miserably

6. TESTS & THE SUPREME ORDEAL: The heroes progress through a series of tests/obstacles that prepare them for their final showdown. Then they reach the Supreme Ordeal, the obstacle they have journeyed so far to overcome.
*The cycle usually reaches a low point where the hero nearly gives up his quest or appears defeated.

7. REWARD AND THE JOURNEY HOME: After the heroes complete the Supreme Ordeal and have the reward firmly in hand, all that is left is for them to return home.

8. RESTORING THE WORLD: By achieving victory, they have changed or preserved their original world.
"It is not the end of the journey which teaches, but the journey itself."
****************ONLY COPY THE QUOTE ABOVE!!!!***************************
1. THE ORDINARY WORLD: Heroes exist in a world is considered ordinary or uneventful by those who live there.

2. THE CALL TO ADVENTURE: For heroes to begin their journeys, they must be called away from the ordinary world. Fantastic quests don’t happen in everyday life.

3. ENTERING THE UNKNOWN: The heroes enter a world they have never experienced before.

4. SUPERNATURAL AID: Supernatural means “above the laws of nature.” This character often gives them the means to complete the quest...it is something the hero needs to succeed
*TALISMAN: Special (and often magical) items that assist the heroes on their quest
Full transcript