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STOP: Sexual Abuse and Sexual Assault Awareness

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by

Erika Klipa

on 24 March 2014

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Transcript of STOP: Sexual Abuse and Sexual Assault Awareness

Sexual Assault involves ANY unwanted sexual activity which is threatening, forced or coercive and to which a person has not given consent, or
was unable to give

consent
. Most often the assault is committed by someone known to the victim.
Rape is an example of Sexual Assault.

"Sexual abuse occurs whenever one person dominates and exploits another by means of sexual activity or suggestion." ~ (Hall, M., & Hall, J. )
****
It is ANY unwanted sexual activity, with perpetrators using force, coercion, manipulation and/or making threats in order to take advantage of victims who are unable to give consent.
Usually children
Usually occurs over an extended period of time
Power dynamic
Perpetrators may be a parent, another adult,
an older child, a teacher, a coach, a priest, etc.


References...
Aquanitance rape. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.rainn.org/get-information/types-of-sexual-assault/acquaintance-rape

Child sexual abuse statistics. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.victimsofcrime.org/media/reporting-on-child-sexual-abuse/child-sexual-abuse-statistics

Hall, M., & Hall, J. (2011). The long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse: Counseling implications. Retrieved from http://counselingoutfitters.com/vistas/vistas11/Article_19.pdf

James, R. K. & Gilliland, B. E. (2013). Crisis Intervention Strategies. Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning: Australia.

Karakurt, G., & Silver, K. E. (2014). Therapy for Childhood Sexual Abuse Survivors Using Attachment and Family Systems Theory Orientations. American Journal Of Family Therapy, 42(1), 79-91. doi:10.1080/01926187.2013.772872

Miller, K. L., Dove, M. K., & Miller, S. M. (2007, October). A counselor’s guide to child sexual abuse: Prevention, reporting and treatment strategies. Paper based on a program presented at the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Columbus, OH.

Raphael, J. (2013). Rape is Rape. Lawrence Hill Books: Chicago.

Sari D., G., Brian P., M., & Jennifer M., L. (n.d). Gay male sexual assault survivors: The relations among internalized homophobia, experiential avoidance, and psychological symptom severity.Behaviour Research And Therapy, 45549-562. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2006.05.006

Saunders, B.E., Berliner, L., & Hanson, R.F. (Eds.). (2004). Child Physical and Sexual
Abuse: Guidelines for Treatment (Revised Report: April 26, 2004). Charleston, SC: National
Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center.

Womanshealth.gov. (2012, July 16). Retrieved from http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/sexual-assault.html

Women’s and Newborn Health services A-Z. (n.d.). Government of Western Australia Department of Health. Retrieved from http://www.kemh.health.wa.gov.au/services/sarc/what_is.htm

Examples of Sexual Assault...
Inserting the penis or any object into someone’s mouth, anus or vagina
Forced oral sex
Forced kissing
Forced masturbation
Unwanted sexual touching
Sexual harassment, such as making inappropriate comments that are sexual in nature
Exhibitionism
Voyeurism

Sexual Assault is a Crime
Date Rape happens when one person forces or manipulates the other into having unwanted sexual contact or sexual intercourse while in a dating situation
Acquaintance Rape may happen at any time; the perpetrator is a friend or acquaintance of the victim
The majority of these rapes go unreported
Date Rape drugs may be used
Date or Acquaintance Rape is Sexual Assault
Sexual Abuse is a Crime
What is Sexual Assault ?
What is Sexual Abuse?
Shock or disbelief
Shame and embarrassment
Fear
Feelings of worthlessness
Anger
Guilt and self blame
Feelings of helplessness
Anxiety
Difficulty sleeping
Somatization
Isolation
Substance abuse
Depression
Suicidal ideation or self-harm

Victims may blame themselves because...
75% of perpetrators of sexual assault are an acquaintance, date, relative, friend or partner, and they may have been sexually intimate with that person before.
They may have been drinking or using drugs
They froze and did not or could not say "no"
They did not fight back

What is Date or Acquaintance Rape?
Victims Often Blame Themselves...
Inappropriate physical contact
Exhibitionism
Voyeurism
Pornography
Internet assault

Effects of Sexual Assault on the Victim....
Society Often Blames the Victim...
Root Causes of Sexual Assault...
The Media
Victim Blaming
Rape Myths
Past Sexual Abuse
Alcohol Abuse
Historical Precedence
Gender Stereotypes
Power and Control

Effects of Sexual Abuse on Children...
Short Term Effects...
Depression
Anxiety
Hyper arousal
Re-Experiencing
Re-Enacting
Bed wetting
Long Term Effects...
Substance Abuse
High Risk Behaviors
Self Harm
Suicidal Ideation
Chronic Physical and Emotional Problems (body issues/eating disorders)
Difficulty with Future Sexual Relationships
Become a Sexual Assault Victim Advocate:
Volunteer Training, March 27-31, 2014...
April is...
Evidence Based Treatment Modalities for
Sexual Assault and Sexual Abuse...
Saturday, April 19th, 2014...
STOP:
Sexual Assault and Sexual Abuse
By
Tanya Lorenzi
and
Erika Klipa

Counseling Survivors of Sexual Assault
and Sexual Abuse...
Assess presenting problems, effects of previous abuse on current functioning, and how client currently copes.
Help client to
ACCURATELY ATTRIBUTE RESPONSIBILITY
!
Help client decrease levels of depression and anxiety, by increasing sense of personal control
Ensure a solid therapeutic relationship
Egalitarianism
Empower the client
Reframe the anger
Assist with relationship building skills
Educate the partner
Majority of Victims of Sexual Assault
are Female...
Child Sexual Abuse Statistics...
IT'S TIME TO TALK ABOUT IT!
TF-CBT
CBT
Expressive Arts Therapy
Narrative Therapy
Signs and Symptoms of Child Sexual Abuse...
Child Sexual Abuse Includes
Overt and Covert Activities...
Physical:
Swelling and rashes in genital area
Headaches
Chronic stomach pain
Urinary tract infections
STDs
Emotional:
Inappropriate Anger
Rebellion
Anxiety
Dissociative symptoms
Behavioral:
Bed wetting
Nightmares
Irritability
Compulsive washing
Secretiveness
Unwarranted fear
Sexual:
Seductive behaviors
Drawing of sexual acts
Unusual interest in sexual ideas (or avoidance of same)
Implications for Counselors...
Ethically and legally mandated in all 50 states to report suspicions of child sexual abuse
Counseling the perpetrators
Knowledgeable about signs and symptoms
Prevention and treatment plans
BE AN ADVOCATE!
60 million survivors in U.S.
1 in 5 girls and 1 in 20 boys is a victim of sexual abuse
20% of adult females and 5-10% of adult males recall childhood sexual abuse
Children are most vulnerable to sexual abuse from the age of 3 on...
Incest is the most common form of child sexual abuse
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