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Transcript of The Israelites
Abraham was a man from Mesopotamia who settled in the land of Canaan with his family, because God requested him to do so.
Alexander the Great
Jacob was the grandson of Abraham who was given the new name of Israel by an angel. Jacob's 12 sons went on to become the leaders of the 12 tribes of Israel.
Moses was an Israelite prophet who was believed to be the Israelites's deliverer. Moses went before the Egyptian pharaoh and demanded the release of the enslaved Israelites.
Saul was the first Israelite king who was chosen by the judge Samuel. Saul led the Israelites to many succesful battles against the Phillistines.
King David was considered to be the greatest Israelite king. David took the place of king Saul, which led to Saul making an attempt on David's life, however David escaped.
Solomon came to power after his father, king David's death. Solomon brought a long period of peace to the region through trade and treaties.
Alexander the Great was king ( and conqueror of Greece ) of Macedonia who had came to power in Judah and allowed the Jews to keep their religion
Judas Maccabeus was the man who led the resistance of the Selucid rule in Judea. Using guerrilla warfare, he overpowered the enemy forces and re- took the Temple.
The Zealots were a group of people who wanted to revolt against the Roman rule in Judea.Atlast in in A.D. 66, they revolted. They overpowered the small Roman army in Jerusalem but they were later drawn out of the city and years later admitted to surrender resulting in the renaming of Jerusalem to Palestine.
Herod was the king of Judah/ Judea selected by the Romans during their rule. Herod built many forts and cities in Judea including the center of Jewish religion, the second temple.
Monotheism: belief in 1 and only 1 God.
Exile: to be banned from one's home or country.
Jewish houses of worship
Diaspora: Jewish groups living outside their homeland.
Sabbath: A weekly day of worship and rest.
Torah: Laws that Moses supposedly received from God
Psalms: Sacred songs or poems used in worship
Kingdom of Israel
The Kingdom of Israel consisted of 10 of the 12 tribes of Israel after they rebelled against the other two creating two kingdoms.
Kingdom of Judah
The Kingdom of Judah consisted of the remaining 2 of the 12 tribes of Israel after the people of Judah rebelled.
Yohanan ben Zaccai
Yohanan ben Zaccai was a rabbi or official leader of a jewish congregation, famous for the persuading of the Romans for the sparing of the city Yavneh. By doing this, Zaccai and other rabbis helped preverve the basic belifs of Judaism.