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Ancient Egyptian Faith
Transcript of Ancient Egyptian Faith
Afterlife and mummification
How Egyptians reached the afterlife: praising and pleasing the gods and living an honorable life
Believed everyone was entitled to afterlife and mummification
Afterlife believed to be “better version” of life on earth
During mummification, internal organs placed in canopic jars with corresponding god’s head on it
Hieroglyphics are a picture-based language.
(noun) strong belief in a god or goddess or practices of a religion
Why faith is a major value in Egyptian Religion:
Egyptians believed if they daily pleased the gods with sacrifices, worship or even doing their duties in society, they could reach the afterlife and be eternally blissful.
Egyptian Religion Background
Main Idea: Egyptians believed if they lived an honorable life they could reach the afterlife
Faith in Egyption Religion
Her are the different social ranks in order.
Pharaoh-Rules as representative of gods.
Vizier-Does pharaoh's official business.Can only be overruled by pharaoh.
Priests-Serve and please gods.
Scribes-Calculate and record data such as crop yields.
Slaves-Usually captives from war.
In depth significance of the pharaoh
The pharaohs were believed by the
ancient egyptians to be gods on earth,
hence their right to power. Due to the holiness of the pharaohs they were theoretically required to head all religious ceremonies at once. It was also the sacred duty of the pharaoh to build temples and preserve Ma'at, a personified concept of order by protecting Egypt, and conquering other kingdoms, when in the interest of order
one especially famous pharaoh was, Hatshepsut,a queen who build the Egyptian economy and had very successful trade with a land called punt in East Africa.
Another especially famous pharaoh was Ramses ii or Ramses the great. Ramses ii led Egypt in a prolonged war against the Hittites of Asia minor, which ended in the first recorded peace treaty. Ramses also constructed many great building projects.
In depth significance
of nobles and vizier.
The vizier was sometimes the high priest and like nobles had above average religious station.
One prominent vizier was Ptah-hotep, who wrote, The instructions of the Vizier Ptah-hotep, which was a document written on his resignation, which among other things contained advice for his son, who would fill his post, on human relations.
Nobles had more sway over things and were often related royalty to or served royalty directly which made them more holy than the average person. because of this nobles had more influence over religious occurrences, and had higher
Egyptians were polytheistic
Gods and Goddesses:
Amun-Ra was the sun god
Osiris- god of underworld
Isis- protective goddess
Anubis- god of death and mummification
Pharaohs were closely related with god Horus
The ancient Egyptians used a system of writing called hieroglyphics.
Ancient Egypt was divided into the red land, which was desert that was used for mining and distanced Egypt from invaders and the black land which was covered in fertile silt from the Nile's floods and was used for farming. The black land was in the proximity of the Nile, and the red land which was the area surrounding the black land.
Ancient Egypt was politically divided into lower and upper Egypt. Oddly Upper Egypt is more southern than Lower Egypt. Though originally separate upper, and lower Egypt were united at the beginning of the first Egyptian dynasty. Though upper and lower Egypt were unified they still had cultural differences which continue
to this day.
Egyptian art and architecture
• Art and architecture relate to faith because the Egyptians made tombs which symbolizes their feeling about death and the afterlife
• They also made temples where they practiced their belief
• statues of gods and goddesses were worshiped
• Definition of Tomb: a house, chamber or vault for the dead.
• The tombs that were made by the Egyptians were beautifully crafted with detailed drawings with all different colors.
• The tombs also had hieroglyphics, and murals on them.
• The coffins in the tombs were also decorated
• The purpose of the tomb was to protect the body and prepare it for the afterlife.
• Tombs were usually inside caves or in underground structures.
• The person buried in the tomb was not buried alone, because the Egyptians believed in the afterlife the people were buried with things they would need, for example possessions, servants and pets
• Pyramid were an important part of Egyptian life because they were tombs for eternity built with limestone blocks
• Pyramids took many years to build
• When there was a new pharaoh his tomb began being built as soon as he came to power
• The desolate Valley of Kings is where most pharaohs were buried in their tombs
• The coffins in the tombs were also decorated
Ancient Egyptian temples
• The temples were private sanctuaries
• People believed they could communicate to the souls of gods and goddesses through statues
• Important priests and pharaohs were the only people allowed in the shrines
• There ceremonial events in the courtyard of the temples
• The major gods were Horus, Osiris and his wife Isis
• Temples had carvings on them
• In paintings on temples the worshiped gods and pharaohs were drawn larger
• Most amazing temple is in Karnak named Ramses the second
Hieroglyphics translates to 'holy words'.
The Rosetta Stone is a stone tablet that has Hieroglyphics and Greek on it.
The Rosetta Stone was used to honor a pharaoh
Cursive Hieroglyphics were used when writing religious documents.
Usually written on papyrus.